The Gidran, Gidrán, or Hungarian Anglo-Arab is a horse breed developed in Hungary from bloodstock that included the Arabian horse. All members of the breed are Chestnut. It is an endangered breed today, with only about 200 living representatives worldwide.The Gidran breed began its development in 1816 at the Mezohegyes State Stud. The original foundation sire was a desert bred Arabian stallion named Siglavy Gidran. This stallion was crossed on Arabian, Turkish, and Spanish-Naples mares as well as other local mares from eastern Europe. Beginning in 1893, Thoroughbred bloodlines were added. Later, Shagya Arabian breeding was also added.The breed influenced or was crossed on many other breeds in eastern Europe, including the Czech warm blood, Austrian Warmblood, Hungarian Warmblood, Malapolski, Nonius, Pleven, and the Ukrainian Riding Horse. It is closely associated with another Hungarian breed, the Kisber Felver.A study in 2016 of the Gidran showed that the remaining small population of horses has more genetic diversity than expected, which improves the breed's chances of not becoming extinct.
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Dit ras wordt ook wel Gidran, Gidran Arab, Gidran Arabian en Gidran-Arab genoemd.
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