The Norwegian Elkhound is one of the Northern Spitz-type breed of dog and is the National Dog of Norway. The Elkhound has served as a hunter, guardian, herder, and defender. It is known for its courage in tracking and hunting moose (or elk) and other large game, such as bears or wolves. The Norwegian Elkhound was first presented at a dog exhibition in Norway in 1877. The AKC breed name "Norwegian Elkhound" is a direct translation from its original Norwegian name Norsk elghund, meaning "Norwegian moose dog." The breed's object in the hunt is to independently track down and hold the moose at bay—jumping in and out toward the moose, distracting its attention, while signaling to the hunters by barking very loudly—until the hunter who follows the sound can arrive to shoot it. The dog will only bark while the moose is stationary, but it can also slowly drive the moose towards shooters lying in wait. The Norwegian Elkhound is also used on a leash. In this mode of hunting, the dog leads the hunter in the direction of the moose while keeping quiet.
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Também conhecido como
Esta raça também é chamada de Elk Hound, Elk-Hound, Elkhound, Elkhound Norueguês, Elkhound Norueguês Cinza, Gray Norwegian Elkhound, Grey Norwegian Elkhound, Grå Norsk Elghund, Harmaa Norjanhirvikoira, Moose Dog, Norsk Elghund, Norsk Elghund Grå, Norwegian Elk Hound, Norwegian Elkhound, Norwegian Moose Dog, assim como Small Grey Elk Dog.
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