Overview of all horse breeds

The database of our Horse Scanner app provides useful and interesting information about 372 individual horse breeds. You can even use the app to automatically determine the breed of your horse.

Abaco Barb

The Abaco Barb or Abaco Spanish Colonial Horse was a breed or population of feral horses on the island of Great Abaco, in the Bahamas.


The Abyssinian is a small horse breed bred in Ethiopia.


The Aegidienberger is a small gaited riding horse from Germany.

Ainos Pony

The Ainos Pony is a wild horse breed originating in Greece.

Albanian Horse

The Albanian (Albanian: Kali Shqiptar) is the only indigenous horse breed in Albania.


The Altai is a horse breed developed in the Altai Mountains of Central Asia.

Alter Real

The Lusitano, also known as the Pure Blood Lusitano or PSL (Puro Sangue Lusitano), is a Portuguese horse breed, closely related to the Spanish Andalusian horse.

American Cream Draft

The American Cream Draft is the only draft horse breed developed in the United States that is still in existence.

American Drum Horse

The American Drum Horse is a modern American breed of heavy horse of draft type.

American Indian Horse

The American Indian Horse is defined by its breed registry as a horse that may carry the ancestry of the Spanish Barb, Arabian, Mustang, or "Foundation" Appaloosa.

American Miniature Horse

American Miniature Horse - also called Miniature Horse - is a horse breed from the USA.

American Paint Horse

The American Paint Horse is a breed of horse that combines both the conformational characteristics of a western stock horse with a pinto spotting pattern of white and dark coat colors.

American Saddlebred

The American Saddlebred is a horse breed from the United States.

American Shetland Pony

The American Shetland Pony is an American breed of pony.

American Walking Pony

The American Walking Pony is a modern American breed of gaited riding pony.

American Warmblood

The American Warmblood is a horse of warmblood type, intended primarily for the traditional sport horse disciplines of dressage, show jumping, eventing and combined driving.


The Anadolu Pony is a Turkish breed of horse developed over 1,000 years ago.

Andravida Horse

The Andravida or Eleia Horse is a light draft breed found in the region of Ilia in Greece.

Anglo-Norman Horse

The Anglo-Norman horse is a warmblood horse breed developed in Lower Normandy in northern France.

Appaloosa Sport Horse

The Appaloosa Sport Horse was a relatively young horse breed, born out of the growing popularity of dressage and show jumping in US equestrian circles.


The AraAppaloosa, also known as the Araloosa, Arappaloosa and the Ara-Appaloosa, is a part-Arabian horse breed that is the result of a cross between an Arabian horse and an Appaloosa, combining the refined phenotype of the Arabian with the leopard-spotted coloring of the Appaloosa.


The Arabian-Berber is a horse breed that was created about 1000 years ago by crossing Arabs or thoroughbred Arabs and Berbers.


The Arabian-Frisian is a sport horse breed bred on the basis ofthe Frisian.


From the Arabian-Haflinger cross between Arabians and Haflingers (mostly Arabian stallion and Haflinger mare), which appeared around 1960, the Arabian-Haflinger horse breed developed in Austria.


The Ardennais or Ardennes is one of the oldest breeds of draft horse, and originates from the Ardennes area in Belgium, Luxembourg, and France.


The Arenberg-Nordkirchen, German: 'Arenberg-Nordkirchner', is a breed of small riding horse from north-west Germany.

Argentine Polopony

The Polo Argentino (Argentine Polopony) is a horse breed from Argentina.


The Arravani is a gaited horse breed from the Greek Peloponnese.


The Asturcón is an ancient breed of small horse or pony from the autonomous region of Asturias in northern Spain.

Australian Pony

The Australian Pony is a breed of pony that developed in Australia.

Australian Riding Pony

The Australian Riding Pony is a breed of pony developed in Australia since the 1970s.

Australian Stock Horse

The Australian Stock Horse (or Stockhorse), has been especially bred for Australian conditions.

Australian Warmblood

The Australian Warmblood is an Australian horse breed.

Austrian Warmblood

An Austrian Warmblood is a warmblood type of horse registered with the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Warmblutzucht in Österreich (Association of Warmblood Breeding in Austria (AWÖ)).


The Auxois is a horse breed from eastern France.

Azteca Horse

The Azteca is a horse breed from Mexico, with a subtype, called the "American Azteca", found in the United States.


Baden-Baden (foaled 1874 in Kentucky) was an American Thoroughbred racehorse best known for winning the 1877 Kentucky Derby.

Baise Horse

The Baise horse (also known as the Guangxi) is a pony-sized horse breed native to the autonomous region of Guangxi, in southeastern China.

Baluchi Horse

The Baluchi horse is a breed of horse native to the Baluchistan, Sindh and Punjab Provinces in Pakistan.

Banker Horse

The Banker horse is a breed of feral horse (Equus ferus caballus) living on barrier islands in North Carolina's Outer Banks.


The Bardigiano is a breed of small horse from the Emilia Romagna region of Italy.

Bashkir Horse

The Bashkir is the horse breed of the Bashkir people.

Basuto Pony

The Basuto is a pony breed from Lesotho and South Africa.

Batak Pony

The Batak pony, also called the Deli pony is a pony breed from Indonesia.

Bavarian Warmblood

The Bavarian Warmblood is a horse breed of southern Germany that developed from an older Bavarian heavy warmblood breed called the Rottaler.

Belgian Horse

The Belgian or Belgian Draft, French: Trait belge, Dutch: Belgisch Trekpaard, is a Belgian breed of draft horse.

Belgian Riding Pony

The Belgian Saddle Pony (Dutch: Belgische Rijpony, abbreviated BRP) is a breed of sport ponies, native to Belgium.

Belgian Warmblood

The Belgian Warmblood, Dutch: Belgisch Warmbloedpaard, is a Belgian breed of warmblood sport horse.

Bhutia Horse

The Bhutia Horse is a breed of small mountain horse from Sikkim and the district of Darjeeling in northern India.

Black Forest Horse

The Black Forest Horse, German: Schwarzwälder Kaltblut, is an endangered German breed of light draft horse from the Black Forest of southern Germany.:444


The Boerperd is a modern breed of horse from South Africa.

Bosnian Mountain Horse

The Bosnian Mountain Horse (Bosnian: Bosanski brdski konj / Босански брдски коњ) is the only indigenous breed of domestic horse in Bosnia and Herzegovina, where it constitutes about 70% of the horse population.

Boulonnais Horse

The Boulonnais, also known as the "White Marble Horse", is a draft horse breed.


The Brandenburger is a warmblood horse breed originating in Germany.

Breton Horse

The Breton is a breed of draft horse.

British Spotted Pony

The British Spotted is a small pony breed originating in England.


A brumby is a free-roaming feral horse in Australia.

Budyonny Horse

The Budyonny is a breed of horse from Russia.


The Burguete horse (Spanish: Caballo Burguete or Caballo de Raza Burguete, Basque: Aurizko zaldia) is a breed of horse from the Navarre region of northern Spain.

Byelorussian Harness Horse

The Belarus Harness Horse, Belarusian: Беларускі запражны конь, romanized: Bielaruski zapražny koń, is a Belarusian breed of draught horse.

Calabrese Horse

The Calabrese is a breed of horse originating from Italy, generally used for riding.

Camargue Horse

The Camargue horse is an ancient breed of horse indigenous to the Camargue area in southern France.

Camarillo White Horse

The Camarillo White Horse is a rare horse breed less than 100 years old known for its pure white color.


The Campeiro is a breed of small horse from Brazil.


The Campolina horse breed of Brazil is named after Cassiano Campolina, the farmer who developed the breed.

Canadian Horse

The Canadian horse (French: cheval Canadien) is a horse breed from Canada.

Canadian Sport Horse

The Canadian Sport Horse was mainly used by Canadian farmers.


Canik is one of the main municipalities in Samsun, Turkey, located at the east of the city center.

Carolina Marsh Tacky

The Carolina Marsh Tacky or Marsh Tacky is a rare breed of horse, native to South Carolina.

Carthusian Horse

The Andalusian, also known as the Pure Spanish Horse or PRE (pura raza española), is a horse breed from the Iberian Peninsula, where its ancestors have lived for thousands of years.

Caspian Horse

The Caspian is a small horse breed native to Northern Iran.


The Castillonais or Cheval Ariègeois de Castillon , also formerly called Cheval du Biros or Saint-Gironnais, is an ancient breed of small rustic saddle-horse from the Ariège département of south-western France.

Cayuse Horse

Cayuse is an archaic term used in the American West, originally referring to a small landrace horse, often noted for unruly temperament.

Cheju Pony

The Jeju horse(제주마, Jejuma) is a horse breed native to the Jeju Island in South Korea.

Chilean Horse

The Chilean Corralero or Chilean Criollo (Spanish: Caballo de Pura Raza Chilena) is the Chilean national breed of Criollo horse.

Chincoteague Pony

The Chincoteague pony, also known as the Assateague horse, is a breed of horse that developed and lives in a feral condition on Assateague Island in the states of Virginia and Maryland in the United States.

Cleveland Bay

The Cleveland Bay is a breed of horse that originated in England during the 17th century, named after its colouring and the Cleveland district of Yorkshire.

Clydesdale Horse

The Clydesdale is a Scottish breed of draught horse.

Colonial Spanish Horse

Colonial Spanish horse is a term popularized by D.

Colorado Ranger

The Colorado Ranger is a horse breed from the Colorado High Plains in the United States.

Comtois Horse

The Comtois horse is a draft horse that originated in the Jura Mountains on the border between France and Switzerland.

Connemara Pony

The Connemara Pony (Irish: Capaillín Chonamara) is a pony breed originating in Ireland.

Corsican Horse

The Corsican (Corsican: U Cavallu Corsu or u paganacciu, French: Cheval corse) is a breed of small domestic horse indigenous to the Mediterranean island of Corsica, off the coast of south-eastern France.

Criollo Horse

The Criollo (in Spanish), or Crioulo (in Portuguese), is the native horse of the Pampas (a natural region between Uruguay, Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay, in South America) with a reputation for long-distance endurance linked to a low basal metabolism.

Croatian Coldblood

The Croatian Coldblood (Croatian: Hrvatski hladnokrvnjak, German: Kroatisches Kaltblut) is an autochthonous medium-heavy horse breed of draught horse originating from Croatia.

Curly Horse

A Curly is a breed of horse.

Czech Warmblood

The Czech Warmblood, Czech: 'Český teplokrevník', is the warmblood sport horse of the Czech Republic.

Dales Pony

The Dales pony is one of the United Kingdom's native mountain and moorland pony breeds.


The Azerbaijan horse (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan atı) is a mountain-steppe racing and riding horse.

Danish Sport Pony

The Danish Sport Pony is a breed of riding pony.

Danish Warmblood

The Danish Warmblood (Dansk Varmblod) is the modern sport horse breed of Denmark.

Danube Delta Horse

The Danube Delta horses are a population of feral horses in Romania.

Dartmoor Pony

The Dartmoor Pony is breed of pony that lives on Dartmoor England.


The Davertnickel was a wild living house-horse-breed, that got extinct since the beginning of the 19.


The Deliboz (Azeri: Diliboz atı) is an Azerbaijani breed of light riding horse.

Dillenburger Ramsnase

The horse breed known as Dillenburger Ramsnase goes back to a breeding based on Holstein and Danish mares with Spanish, Neapolitan and Oriental stallions, which was initiated by the court stud of the Dillenburg Counts as early as the 16th century.


The Dombes half-breed (French demi-sang de la Dombes, also known as cheval de Bresse or demi-sang de l'Ain) is an extinct French horse breed from the historic regions of Dombes and Bresse in what is now the department of Ain.


The Dosanko (道産子), also known as the Hokkaido Horse (北海道馬, Hokkaidō uma) and Hokkaido Pony (北海ポニー, Hokkaidō ponī), is one of the eight extant indigenous horse breeds of Japan, and the only one of the eight not critically endangered.

Dutch Draft

The Dutch Draft, Dutch: 'Nederlands Trekpaard', is a Dutch breed of heavy draft horse.

Dutch Harness Horse

The Dutch Harness Horse, or Tuigpaard, is a warmblood breed of fine driving horse that has been developed in the Netherlands since the end of World War II.

Dutch Warmblood

A Dutch Warmblood is a warmblood type of horse registered with the Koninklijk Warmbloed Paardenstamboek Nederland (Royal Warmblood Studbook of the Netherlands (KWPN), which governs the breeding of competitive dressage and show jumping horses, as well as the show harness horse and Gelderlander, and a hunter studbook in North America.Developed through a breeding program that began in the 1960s, the Dutch are some of the most successful competition horses developed in postwar Europe.


The Dole Gudbrandsdal, Dølahest or Dole is a draft- and harness-type horse from Norway.

Dülmen pony

The Dülmen is the only native pony breed in Germany, now that the Senner pony of the Teutoburg Forest is extinct.

East Bulgarian

The East Bulgarian is a Bulgarian breed of warmblood horse.


The Edelbluthaflinger originated in the 1960s from Haflingers, which were refined by increasing the proportion of Arab blood in order to obtain a modern, versatile small horse.


The Emscherbrücher or Emscherbrücher Dickkopp was a wild living house-horse-breed in Germany.

Eriskay Pony

The Eriskay Pony (Scottish Gaelic: Each Beag nan Eilean or Each Èirisgeach) is a breed of pony from Scotland.

Estonian Horse

Estonian horse (Estonian: eesti hobune), also known as the Estonian native, the Estonian Klepper, or natively the Eesti hobune, is a relatively small horse breed originating in Estonia.

Ethiopian Horses

Ethiopian horses are those breeds or types of horse found in Ethiopia, formerly known as Abyssinia.

European Appaloosa Pony

The European Appaloosa Pony is a horse breed whose breeding is operated by the ECHA-ESV.

Exmoor Pony

The Exmoor pony is a horse breed native to the British Isles, where some still roam as semi-feral livestock on Exmoor, a large area of moorland in Devon and Somerset in southwest England.

Faroe Pony

The Faroe pony, Faeroes pony, or Faroese horse, (Føroyska rossið in Faroese) is a small pony, with a height between 11.1 to 12.1 hands (45 to 49 inches, 114 to 124 cm).

Fell Pony

The Fell Pony is a versatile, working breed of mountain and moorland pony originating in the north of England in Cumberland and Westmorland (now Cumbria) and Northumberland.


The Finnhorse or Finnish Horse (Finnish: suomenhevonen, literally "horse of Finland"; nickname: suokki, or Swedish: finskt kallblod, literally "finnish cold-blood") is a horse breed with both riding horse and draught horse influences and characteristics, and is the only breed developed fully in Finland.

Fjord Horse

The Fjord horse or Norwegian Fjord Horse (Norwegian: fjordhest) is a relatively small but very strong horse breed from the mountainous regions of western Norway.


The Fleuve is a breed of horse from Senegal, in West Africa.

Florida Cracker Horse

The Florida Cracker Horse is a breed of horse from the state of Florida in the United States.


The Foutanké or Fouta is a breed or type of light horse from Senegal, in West Africa.


The Frederiksborger is Denmark's oldest horse breed.


The Freiberger, also known as Franches-Montagnes, is a horse breed from Switzerland, from the Jura region, described as either a "heavy warmblood" or a "light coldblood".

French Saddle Pony

The French Saddle Pony, also called the Poney Français de Selle, is pony breed developed as a sport pony for children and smaller adult riders.

French Trotter

The French Trotter is a French breed of trotting horse bred for racing both ridden and in harness.:132 It was bred specifically for racing in the nineteenth century, principally in Normandy in north-western France.

Friesian Horse

The Friesian (also Frizian) is a horse breed originating in Friesland, in the Netherlands.

Furioso-North Star

The Furioso-North Star is a horse breed developed in Hungary at the Mezőhegyes stud farm.


The Galiceno is a horse breed developed in Mexico, bred from horses brought from Spain by Hernán Cortés and other conquistadors.

Galician Horse

The Galician or Galician Mountain Horse, Spanish: Caballo de Pura Raza Gallega, Galician: Raza Equina Cabalo Galego do Monte, is a breed of small horse from Galicia, in north-western Spain.


The Galloway pony is an extinct horse breed, once native to Scotland and northern England.


The Garrano, from Gaelic gearran, a pony of the Iberian horse family, is an endangered breed of horse from northern Portugal, mainly used as a pack horse, for riding, and for light farm work.

Gelderland Horse

The Gelderland, or Gelderlander, is a heavy warmblood breed of horse that was developed in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands.


A jennet or Spanish jennet was a small Spanish horse.

German Classic Pony

The German Classic Pony or German: Deutsches Classic-Pony is a modern German breed of riding pony.

German Part-Bred Shetland Pony

The German Part-Bred Shetland Pony is descended from the Shetland pony and has been kept in a separate stud book since 1999.

German Riding Horse

The name German Riding Horse doesn't stand for an own horse breed but is rather a generic term for warmblood-horses bred in Germany.

German Riding Pony

The Deutsche Reitpony or German Riding Pony is a very popular pony breed in Germany.

German Warmblood

German Warmblood may refer generally to any of the various warmblood horses of Germany, or more specifically to a warmblood registered with the nationwide German Horse Breeding Society (ZfDP).

Giara Horse

The Giara horse (Sardinian: Cuaddeddu de sa Jara, Italian: Cavallino della Giara) is a horse breed native to the island of Sardinia.

Gotland Pony

Gotland pony or Gotland russ is an old Swedish pony breed.

Grade Horse

A grade horse is a horse whose parentage is unknown, unidentifiable, or of significantly mixed breeding.

Groningen Horse

The Groningen Horse is a Dutch horse breed developed for light draft and agricultural work.


The Guoxia is breed of small horse from the counties of Debao, Jingxi and Tianyang in the prefecture of Baise, in the western part of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, in southern China.

Gypsy Horse

The Gypsy Cob, also known as the Traditional Gypsy cob, Irish Cob, Gypsy Horse or Gypsy Vanner, is a type or breed of domestic horse from the islands Great Britain and Ireland.


Hack within the activity of equestrianism commonly refers to one of two things: as a verb, it describes the act of pleasure riding for light exercise, and as a breed (Hackney/hack), it is a type of horse used for riding and pulling carriages.


The Haflinger, also known as the Avelignese, is a breed of horse developed in Austria and northern Italy (namely Hafling in South Tyrol region) during the late 19th century.

Hanoverian Horse

A Hanoverian (German: Hannoveraner) is a warmblood horse breed originating in Germany, which is often seen in the Olympic Games and other competitive English riding styles, and has won gold medals in all three equestrian Olympic competitions.

Heavy Warmblood

The heavy warmbloods (German: Schwere Warmblüter) are a group of horse breeds primarily from continental Europe.

Heck Horse

The Heck horse is a horse breed that is claimed to resemble the tarpan (Equus ferus ferus), an extinct wild equine.

Hequ Horse

The Hequ horse, previously called the Nanfan, is a horse breed native to the northwestern Tibetan plateau.

Hessian Warmblood

The Hessian Warmblood is a warmblood horse breed that was bred until 2009 and has since then been completely absorbed into the Hanoverian Horse Breeding Association.


Hickstead (March 2, 1996 – November 6, 2011) was a stallion ridden by Canadian Eric Lamaze.

Highland Pony

The Highland Pony is a native Scottish pony, and is one of the largest of the mountain and moorland pony breeds of the British Isles.


The Hınıs (pronounced [hɯnɯs], in Turkish: Hınıs'ın kolu kısası, literally "the short-legged Hınıs" or Kolu Kisa, "short-legged"), is a breed of saddle horse presumed extinct or very rare, originating from the region of Hınıs in northeastern Anatolia, Turkey, to which it owes its name.


The Hispano-Árabe is a Spanish horse breed originating from the cross-breeding of Arab and Andalusian horses.

Hucul Pony

The Hucul or Carpathian is a pony or small horse breed originally from the Carpathian Mountains.

Hungarian Sport Horse

The Hungarian Sport Horse, Hungarian: 'Magyar sportló', is a modern Hungarian breed of sporting horse.

Icelandic Horse

The Icelandic horse is a breed of horse developed in Iceland.

Indian Half-Bred

The Indian Half-bred is a horse type from the subcontinent of India.


The Iomud is a breed of light horse from Turkmenistan.

Irish Draught

The Irish Draught horse is the national horse breed of Ireland which developed primarily for farm use.

Irish Sport Horse

The Irish Sport Horse, or Irish Hunter, is an Irish breed of warmblood sporting horse, used mostly for dressage, eventing and show-jumping.

Italian Heavy Draft

The Italian Heavy Draft, or Rapid Heavy Draft, is a breed of draft horse from Italy.

Java Pony

The Java pony is a breed of pony developed on the island of Java in Indonesia.

Jutland Horse

The Jutland horse (Danish: Den jyske hest) is a draft horse breed originating in Denmark, named after the Jutland Peninsula which forms the western part of the country.

Kabarda Horse

The Kabarda or Kabardin horse is a breed from the Caucasus, currently part of the Kabardino-Balkaria region of Russia.


The Karabair, (Uzbek: Qorabayir, Kazakh: Qarabaıyr; Tajik: қаробоҳирӣ, Ķaroboḩirī; Russian: Карабаирская), is a long-established horse breed from Central Asia, and particularly from Uzbekistan and northern Tajikistan.:290 It results from the cross-breeding of desert horses of Arabian or Turkmene type from the south with steppe horses from the north.

Karabakh Horse

The Karabakh (Azerbaijani: Qarabağ atı), also known as the Karabai or Karabakhskaya in Russian, is a mountain-steppe racing and riding horse.


The Karacabeyer is a horse breed from Turkey.


The Karachay (Karach.-Balk. Къарачай ат) is a horse breed developed in the Northern Caucasus.

Kathiawari Horse

thumb The Kathiawari or Kathiawadi (Gujarati: કાઠીયાવાડી) is a breed of horse from the Kathiawar peninsula in western India.

Kazakh Horse

The Kazakh (Kazakh: Qazaq) is a horse breed of the Kazakh people, who live mainly in Kazakhstan, but also in parts of China, Mongolia, Russia and Uzbekistan.

Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse

The Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse is a horse breed from the U.S.

Kerry Bog Pony

The Kerry Bog Pony is a mountain and moorland breed of pony that originated in Ireland.

Kiger Mustang

The Kiger mustang is a strain of mustang horse located in the southeastern part of the U.S.

Kinsky Horse

The Kinsky Horse is a Czech breed of warmblood sport horse.


The Kladruber (Czech Starokladrubský kůň) is the oldest Czech horse breed and one of the world's oldest horse breeds.


The Knabstrupper, also called Knabstrup horse, is a Danish breed of horse with an unusual range of coat coloration.


The Konik (Polish: konik polski or konik biłgorajski) or the Polish primitive horse is a small, semi-feral horse, originating in Poland.


The Kushum (Other names: Kushumskaya (Russian), West Kazakh Saddle-Draft (English)) is a horse breed newly bred between 1931 and 1976 from Kazakhstan.

Kustanai Horse

The Kustanair (Kazakh: Qostanaı) is a breed of horse developed in Kazakhstan in the former U.S.S.R.

Kyrgyz Horse

The Kyrgyz Horse or Kirgiz Horse is a traditional breed of small horse from the Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan).

Landais Pony

The Landais is a critically-endangered French breed of small horse or pony.

Latvian Coldblood

The Latvian Coldblood (Latvian: Latvijas ardenis 'Latvian Ardennes') is a medium-heavy coldblood horse of the Swedish Ardennes type.

Latvian Horse

The Latvian Horse (Latvian: Latvijas šķirne or Latvijas zirgi) is a purpose-bred warmblood horse breed from Latvia.

Lehmkuhlener Pony

The Lehmkuhlener Pony is a rare pony breed from Schleswig-Holstein in Germany.


The Leutstettener Horse (also Sárvár horse) is a rather rare horse breed today (about 50 specimens), which was bred until 2006, especially at the Leutstetten stud farm in Bavaria (Germany).


The Lewitzer is a pony breed from Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.


The Liebenthaler horse (also called Liebenthaler Wild Horse, Liebenthaler Wildling or simply Liebenthaler) was created in 1960 as a forest tarpan re-breeding project from a crossing of fjord horses and coniks.

Lithuanian Heavy Draught

The Lithuanian Heavy Draught is a draught horse breed created in Lithuania during the 19th and 20th centuries.


The Lokai, a mountain horse bred in Tajikistan, is used as a riding horse, a packhorse, or even sometimes a light draft horse.


The Caballo Losino or Caballo de Raza Losina is a breed of horse from the Valle de Losa in the province of Burgos, in Castile and León in northern Spain.

Lundy Pony

The Lundy Pony is a breed of pony first developed on Lundy Island in England.


The Lusitano, also known as the Pure Blood Lusitano or PSL (Puro Sangue Lusitano), is a Portuguese horse breed, closely related to the Spanish Andalusian horse.

Luxembourg Warmblood

The Luxembourg Warmblood or French: Cheval de Selle Luxembourgeois is a Luxembourgeois breed of warmblood sport horse.


The M'Bayar is a breed of small horse from the historic region of Baol in Senegal, in West Africa.


The Malakan is the only breed of draft horses in Turkey.


The Mallorquín or Caballo Mallorquín (Catalan: Cavall Mallorquí) is a rare breed of horse indigenous to the island of Mallorca in the Balearic Islands, from which it takes its name.


The Malopolski (Polish: koń małopolski) is a Polish horse breed developed in the 19th century in Lesser Poland, Polish Małopolska, hence the name.


The Mangalarga is a horse breed that was originally developed in Brazil by Francisco Gabriel Junqueira, the Baron of Alfenas, when he began breeding Royal Alter stallions from Portugal with local colonial mares on his lands in Baependi County at Minas Gerais State.

Mangalarga Marchador

The Mangalarga Marchador is a Brazilian breed of riding horse.


The Maremmano is a breed of horse originating in the Maremma area of Tuscany and northern Lazio in Italy.

Marwari Horse

The Marwari or Malani is a rare breed of horse from the Marwar (or Jodhpur) region of Rajasthan, in north-west India.


The Mecklenburger is a warmblood horse bred in the Mecklenburg-Vorpommern region of north-eastern Germany.

Menorquín horse

The Menorquín or Catalan: Cavall Menorquí is a breed of horse indigenous to the island of Menorca in the Balearic Islands, from which it takes its name.

Messara Horse

The Messara (also known as Cretan horse) is a light riding and draft horse found on the island of Crete off the coast of Greece.

Međimurje horse

The Međimurje horse (pronounced [mɛdʑǐmuːriɛ]; Croatian: Međimurski konj, German: Murinsulaner, Hungarian: Muraközi ló, Slovene: Medžimurski konj) is an autochthonous medium-heavy horse breed of draught horse originating from Međimurje County in northernmost part of Croatia.

Miniature Horse

Miniature horses are horses defined by their small height.

Missouri Fox Trotter

The Missouri Fox Trotter is a horse breed that originated in the state of Missouri in the United States.


The Morab is an American breed of horse originally developed through the cross-breeding of Arabian and Morgan horses.

Morgan Horse

The Morgan horse is one of the earliest horse breeds developed in the United States.

Moyle Horse

The Moyle is a rare horse breed.


The Murgese horse originated in the Murge, Apulia area of Italy during the Spanish rule, and was developed from Barb and Arabian horses.

Mérens horse

The Mérens, Cheval de Mérens or Caballo de Merens, still occasionally referred to by the older name of Ariégeois pony, is a small, rustic horse native to the Pyrenees and Ariégeois mountains of southern France, where the Ariège River flows, and northern Spain, near Andorra.

Namib Desert Horse

The Namib Desert Horse (Afrikaans: Namib Woestyn Perd) is a rare feral horse found in the Namib Desert of Namibia, Africa.


The Nangchen horse is a small breed of horse native to the Kham region of northern Tibet, thought to have been bred pure since the 9th century.

Narragansett Pacer

The Narragansett Pacer was the first horse breed developed in the United States, but is now extinct.

Neapolitan Horse

The Neapolitan Horse, Italian: (Cavallo) Napoletano, Neapolitano or Napolitano, is a horse breed that originated in the plains between Naples and Caserta, in the Campania region of Italy, but which may have been bred throughout the Kingdom of Naples.

Nederlands Mini Paarden

The Nederlands Mini Paarden is also a breed descended from the Shetland pony from the Netherlands.

New Forest Pony

The New Forest pony is one of the recognised mountain and moorland or native pony breeds of the British Isles.

Newfoundland Pony

The Newfoundland pony is a breed of pony originating in Newfoundland, Canada.

Noble Warmblood

The Noble Warmblood, also called Noble Warmblood of the GDR because of its breeding area, was a German horse breed.

Nonius Horse

The Nonius (Hungarian: Nóniusz) is a Hungarian horse breed named after its Anglo-Norman foundation sire.

Nooitgedacht Pony

The Nooitgedachter is a South African breed of riding horse.


The Nordlandshest/Lyngshest also known as the "Northlands horse" or "Northlands pony", is a horse breed originating in Norway.

Norfolk Trotter

The Norfolk Trotter is an extinct horse breed once native to East Anglia and Norfolk, England.


The Noriker horse, also called the Norico-Pinzgauer and historically known as the Pinzgauer horse, is a moderately heavy Austrian draught horse breed.

Norman Cob

The Norman Cob or Cob Normand is a breed of light draught horse that originated in the region of Normandy in northern France.

North American Single-Footing Horse

The North American Single-footing Horse, also called the Single-footing Horse or Single-footer, is a horse breed originating in the southern United States.

North Swedish Horse

The North Swedish Horse (Swedish: 'Nordsvensk Brukshäst') is a Swedish breed of small heavy horse.


The Oldenburg or Oldenburger is a warmblood horse from the north-western corner of Lower Saxony, what was formerly the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg.

Orlov Trotter

The Orlov Trotter (also known as Orlov; Russian: орловский рысак) is a horse breed with a hereditary fast trot, noted for its outstanding speed and stamina.


The Orlow-Rostopchiner is a horse breed from Russia.

Ostfriesen and Alt-Oldenburger

The Alt-Oldenburger and Ostfriesen are representatives of a group of horse breeds primarily from continental Europe called heavy warmbloods.


A palfrey is a type of horse that was highly valued as a riding horse in the Middle Ages.

Panje Horse

The Panje Horse (from panje = Russian or Polish farmer) was used in the agriculture of Eastern Europe and was known for its hardness and unpretentiousness.


The Pantaneiro is a cattle breed from the Pantanal region of Brazil, where it has been raised for more than three hundred years.


A part-Arabian, partbred Arabian or, less precisely, half-Arabian, is a horse with documented amounts of Arabian horse breeding but not a purebred.

Paso Fino

The Paso Fino is a naturally gaited light horse breed dating back to horses imported to the Caribbean from Spain.

Paso Iberoamericano

The Paso Iberoamericano is a horse breed from Costa Rica that belongs to the gaited horses.

Peneia Pony

The Peneia Pony (Greek: αλογάκι της Πηνείας) is a rare breed of pony from the Peloponnese in southern Greece.

Peruvian Paso

The Peruvian Paso or Peruvian Horse is a breed of light saddle horse known for its smooth ride.


The Pfalz-Ardenner is a comparatively young horse breed, which originated around 1900.

Pindos Pony

The Pindos (Greek: αλογάκι της Πίνδου) is breed of pony or small horse native to the Pindus mountain range in Thessaly and Epirus in Greece.


The Pintabian horse is an American part-Arabian horse breed.

Pleven Horse

The Pleven breed of horse is essentially Anglo-Arabian, and the breed was officially recognized in 1951.

Poitevin Horse

The Poitevin (French pronunciation: ​[pwat(ə)vɛ̃]) or Poitou is a French breed of draft horse.

Polo Pony

A polo pony is the term used for a horse used in the game of polo.

Poney Du Logone

The Poney du Logone is a breed of small horse or pony from the area of the Logone River in Chad and Cameroon, in west central Africa.

Pony of the Americas

The Pony of the Americas is a pony breed developed in the state of Iowa in the United States.


The Posavac (Croatian; Slovene: posavec), in Croatia also known as Posavina horse or the Croatian Posavac (hrvatski posavac), is a breed of medium-sized draught horse with a high capacity for weight pulling.


The Priob or Ob (Russian: Приобская, Priobskaya) is an endangered Russian breed of small horse from the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, in Tyumen Oblast in the Russian Federation.


The Qatgani:197 or Qataghani is a horse breed from the former Qataghan province of Afghanistan.


The Quarab is a horse breed from the United States, developed from a part-Arabian cross of Arabian horses, American Quarter Horses and Paint horses.

Quarter Pony

The Quarter Pony is a breed of pony that is similar to the American Quarter Horse.


Quba is a horse breed from Azerbaijan.

Racking Horse

The Racking Horse is a horse breed derived from the Tennessee Walking Horse, recognized by the USDA in 1971.


The Rahvan is a Turkish horse breed, which has probably existed for 800 years.


The Retuertas horse, Spanish: 'Caballo de las Retuertas' or Caballo de las Retuertas de Doñana, is a rare breed of horse indigenous to the Andalusia region of Spain.

Rhenish German Coldblood

The Rhenish German Coldblood, German: 'Rheinisch Deutsches Kaltblut', is a breed of heavy draught horse from the Rhineland area of western Germany.

Rhenish Warmblood

The Rhenish Warmblood, German: Rheinisches Warmblut or Rheinisches Reitpferd, is a German warmblood breed of sport horse.

Riwoche Horse

The Riwoche horse is a dun-colored, pony-sized horse indigenous to northeastern Tibet.

Rocky Mountain Horse

The Rocky Mountain Horse is a horse breed developed in the state of Kentucky in the United States.

Romanian Sporthorse

The Romanian Sport Horse or Romanian Saddle Horse, Romanian: Cal de sport romanesc, is a Romanian breed of light riding horse.


The Rottaler Horse is a powerful warmblood-horse, that was until middle of the 20.

Russian Don

The Russian Don is a breed of horse developed in and named after the steppes region of Russia where the Don River flows.

Russian Heavy Draft

The Russian Draft or Russian Heavy Draft (Russian: Русский тяжеловоз, Russkii Tyazhelovoz) is a Russian breed of draft horse.

Russian Trotter

The Russian Trotter is a breed of trotting horse from the Russian Federation.

Sable Island Horse

The Sable Island horse (French: Cheval Île de Sable), sometimes referred to as the Sable Island pony (French: Poney Île de Sable), is a type of small feral horse found on Sable Island, an island off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada.

Sachsen-Anhaltiner Warmblood

Just like the Brandenburg Warmblood, the Saxon Warmblood and many other warmbloods, the Sachsen-Anhaltiner Warmblood belongs to the German sport horse nowadays and is therefore no longer bred directly.


The Salernitano is an endangered Italian breed of horse.


The Sanhe Horse got its name from an independent city in the province of Hebei, which borders the province of Inner Mongolia.

Sardinian Anglo-Arab

The Sardinian Anglo-Arab, (Sardinian: Anglu-Arabu Sardu) Sardinian, or AAS, is a horse breed from the Mediterranean island of Sardinia, where it has been selectively bred for more than one hundred years.

Saxon-Thuringia Coldblood

The Saxon-Thuringia Coldblood is a coldblood horse breed from Germany.

Saxon-Thuringian Heavy Warmblood

The Saxon-Thuringian Heavy Warmblood is a horse breed from the breeding areas Saxony and Thuringia.

Scandinavian Coldblood Trotter

A Coldblood Trotter may belong to either one of two closely related and interconnected breeds of horse: the Norsk Kaldblodstraver (Norwegian Coldblood Trotter) and the Svensk Kallblodstravare (Swedish Coldblood Trotter).

Schleswig Coldblood

The Schleswig Coldblood (German: Schleswiger Kaltblut, Danish: Slesvigsk Koldblod) is a breed of medium-sized draught horse originally from the historic Schleswig region of the Jutland Peninsula, which today is divided between modern Denmark and Germany, and from which its name derives.

Sella Italiano

Sella Italiano is an equine breed created in Italy.


The Senner or Senne is a critically-endangered German breed of riding horse.

Shetland Pony

The Shetland pony is a Scottish breed of pony originating in the Shetland Isles in the north of Scotland.

Silesian Horse

The Silesian horse, Polish: Koń śląski, Silesian: Ślůnski kůń, is a breed of warmblood horse from the area of historic Silesia, which lies mostly within modern Poland.

Skyros Pony

The Skyrian Horse (Greek αλογάκι της Σκύρου) is a breed of miniature horse found on the Greek isle of Skyros.

Slovak Saddle

The Slovak Saddle (Slovak: Slovenský teplokrvník) is a sport horse breed from Slovakia.

Small German Riding Horse

Small German Riding Horse is the name of a horse breed bred in Germany.

Sokolski Horse

The Sokolski, Polish: Sokólski or Koń sokólski, is a Polish breed of draught horse.

Somali Pony

The Somali Pony is a breed originating in Somalia in East Africa.


The Sorraia is a rare breed of horse indigenous to the portion of the Iberian peninsula, in the Sorraia River basin, in Portugal.

South German Coldblood

The South German Coldblood (German: Süddeutsches Kaltblut) is a breed of draught horse from southern Germany.

Soviet Heavy Draft

The Soviet Heavy Draft is a Russian breed of heavy draft horse.

Spanish Barb

The Spanish Barb horse is a direct descendant of the original horses brought over from Spain.

Spanish Mustang

The Spanish Mustang is an American horse breed descended from horses brought from Spain during the early conquest of the Americas.

Spanish-Norman Horse

The Spanish-Norman horse is a warmblood horse breed that is the result of crosses between two much older breeds – the Andalusian of Spain and the Percheron of France.

Spotted Saddle Horse

The Spotted Saddle Horse is a horse breed from the United States that was developed by crossing Spanish-American type gaited pinto ponies with gaited horse breeds, such as the Tennessee Walking Horse.

Sudan Country-Bred

The Sudan Country-Bred is a relatively new breed.

Suffolk Punch

The Suffolk Horse, also historically known as the Suffolk Punch or Suffolk Sorrel, is an English breed of draught horse.

Sumbawa Pony

The Sumbawa Pony (Indonesian: kuda-Sumbawa) is a pony breed, named after the island on which they are bred, Sumbawa Island in Indonesia.

Swedish Ardennes

The Swedish Ardennes is a medium-size, heavyweight draft horse.

Swedish Warmblood

The Swedish Warmblood is a horse breed that was developed at Strömsholm and Flyinge in Sweden.

Swiss Warmblood

The Swiss Warmblood, also called the Einsiedler, is a horse breed, founded in the 10th century on the local Schwyer stock.


The Tawleed horse breed was developed in the Khartoum region of Sudan.

Tennessee Walking Horse

The Tennessee Walking Horse or Tennessee Walker is a breed of gaited horse known for its unique four-beat running-walk and flashy movement.

Tersk Horse

The Tersk or Tersky is a Russian breed of light riding horse of Arab type.


Besides the Thessalian pony, in Greece there are also the Peneia pony, the Arravani pony and the Skyros pony (also Skyros horse).

Tiger Horse

Tiger horses are gaited, spotted horses with a coat color much like the Appaloosa.

Timor Pony

The Timor Pony was developed on Timor Island, likely from Indian breeds of horses and ponies that were imported to the island.

Tori Horse

The Tori (Estonian: tori hobune) is a horse originating in continental Estonia.

Trait Du Nord

The Trait du Nord, previously also known as Ardennais du Nord or Ardennais de type Nord, is a breed of heavy draft horse developed and bred in the area of Hainaut in western Belgium and in northeastern France.


Trotters are several breeds of horses that are used in trotting races.


The Tschernomor horse is a breed that comes from the Black Sea region.


The Turkoman horse, or Turkmene, was an Oriental horse breed from the steppes of Turkoman desert.

Ukrainian Riding Horse

The Ukrainian Riding Horse (Ukrainian: украї́нський верхови́й кінь) or Ukrainian Saddle Horse is a modern Ukrainian breed of warmblood sport horse.


Origin of the Uzunyayla breed dates to 1854 in Turkey.


The Vlaamperd, SA Vlamperd or Vlamperd is a very rare horse breed developed in the Western Cape region of South Africa.

Vladimir Heavy Draft

The Vladimir Heavy Draft is a Russian breed of heavy draught horse.


The Vyatka or Viatka (Russian: Вятская лошадь, vyatskaya loshad) is an endangered breed of horse native to the former Vyatka region, now the Kirov Oblast of the Russian Federation.

Vyatka Horse

The Vyatka or Viatka (Russian: Вятская лошадь, vyatskaya loshad) is an endangered breed of horse native to the former Vyatka region, now the Kirov Oblast of the Russian Federation.


The Waler is an Australian breed of riding horse developed from horses that were brought to the Australian colonies in the 19th century.


The Walkaloosa is a horse breed that performs an intermediate ambling gait besides the trot.


The Warlander is a horse of Baroque type, produced by crossing Friesian horses with horses of a purebred registered Iberian horse breed such as the Andalusian, Lusitano, or Menorquina.


The Welara is a part-Arabian pony breed developed from the Arabian horse and the Welsh pony.

Welsh Pony and Cob

The Welsh Pony and Cob is a group of four closely-related horse breeds including both pony and cob types, which originated in Wales in the United Kingdom.

Western Sudan Pony

The Western Sudan pony (also known as the Darfur pony, Gharkawi, and Kordofani) is a breed of pony that is found in southern Darfur and southwestern Kordofan in Sudan.

Westphalian Horse

The Westphalian or Westfalen is a warmblood horse bred in the Westphalia region of western Germany.


The Wielkopolski is a breed of horse that was originated in Central and Western Poland in 1964, and is occasionally known as Mazursko-Poznanski.


The Woronesch horse is also called Bitjug.


The Württemberger, Baden-Württemberger or Württemberg is a Warmblood horse breed originating in Germany.

Xilingol Horse

A horse of central Inner Mongolia, the Xilingol is a light horse that is used both for riding and for draft purposes.


The Yakutian (Yakut: Саха ата, Sakha ata) or Yakut is a native horse breed from the Siberian Sakha Republic (or Yakutia) region.

Yili Horse

The Yili is a small horse from the north-western Xinjiang region of China.


The Zangersheide is a Belgian breed or stud-book of warmblood sport horses.


The Zaniskari or Zanskari is a breed of small mountain horse or pony from Ladakh, in northern India.


The Zweibrücker (pl.Zweibrücken) is a type of German warmblood horse bred in Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland.


The Çukurova is a rare Turkish horse breed.

Öland Horse

The Öland Horse, also called Ölännigen, was a horse breed on the Swedish Baltic Sea-island Öland.


The Žemaitukas (plural: Žemaitukai, literally: little Samogitian) is a historic horse breed from Lithuania.


アハルテケ( Akhal-Teke 、トルクメン語: Ahalteke, IPA: ahalˈtеkje 、ロシア語: Ахалтеки́нец )は、トルクメニスタン原産の馬の品種で、同国の国章にもあしらわれている 。スピードと長距離の持久力で知られる「黄金の馬」は、過酷な気候に適応し、現存する最古の馬種のひとつと考えられている。現在世界で約 3,500 のアハルテケが、トルクメニスタン、ロシアの他ヨーロッパ、オーストラリア、北アメリカ、日本でも育成されている。 この品種はロシアで人気となり、国立牧場で育成繁殖が確立した。多くのアハルテケが北コーカサス山脈のテルスク牧場で生産され、後にダゲスタン牧場にヘッドブリーダーのウラジミール・ペトロヴィチ・シャンボラント Vladimir Petrovich Chamborant (露:Владимир Петрович Шамборант)と移った 。


アパルーサ (英語:Appaloosa) は、アメリカ原産のウマの品種で体の斑点が特徴である。体のタイプは種類が多く、改良の歴史に現われた品種の影響がみえる。毛色は原毛色の上に斑文が重なり、遺伝的に引き継がれた結果である。そのことからウマの毛色を決める遺伝子の研究において、アパルーサの斑文ほか身体的な特徴を決める遺伝子は「豹文の突然変異」 (LP: leopard complex mutation) と結びつくとして注目を集めている。また頻発性のウマのぶどう膜炎、豹文の変異遺伝子と関係の深い夜盲症がよくみられる。


アラブ(種) (Arab、Arabian) とは、ウマの品種の一つ。現存する馬の改良種の中で最初に確立した品種とされる。体高約150cm、体重約400kg。 サラブレッドよりは小柄で華奢な体躯で、速力もサラブレッドには劣るが、耐候性、耐久性に優れる。 その成立ははっきりしないが、アラビア半島の遊牧民、ベドウィンにより、厳格な血統管理の元に改良が進められ、品種として確立した。伝承によるとケヒレット・エル・アジュズ(「老婦人の牝馬」の意)という牝馬がアラブ種の根幹牝馬である。 サラブレッドはこのアラブを元にイギリスやその他の在来馬と掛け合わせて作られた品種であり、三大始祖は全てアラブ種かそれに類するターク、バルブ種である。特にダーレーアラビアンはジェネラルスタッドブックにおいて純粋なアラブとされている。また、サラブレッド成立後、主にフランスでこのアラブとサラブレッドを掛け合わせて作られたのがアングロアラブである。日本ではサラブレッドと共にこのアングロアラブも競走馬として多く用いられ、生産も盛んであった一方、アラブ自体はあまり普及しなかったため、日本でアラブといえば一般的にアングロアラブのことを指し、アラブは「純血」アラブと言わないと通じないことがある。




アンダルシア馬 (あんだるしあうま、英語: Andalusian horse)はスペインアンダルシア地方原産の馬である。


キシュベル(Kisbér、ハンガリー政府観光局はキシュベールと表記、キスバーとも、1873年 - ?)は、1870年代にイギリス・フランスで活躍したハンガリー出身の競走馬である。 父バッカーニアと母ミネラルの間にハンガリーの国立キシュベル牧場で生まれ、イギリスで調教を受けた。おもな勝ち鞍はエプソムダービー、パリ大賞典、デューハーストステークスの3つ。エプソムダービーは、イギリス(当時はアイルランド全土含む)以外で生産された馬としてグラディアトゥール(フランス生まれ)に次ぐ2頭目の制覇である。 引退後はドイツで種牡馬となり、3頭のドイチェスダービー馬(ハーデンベルク、Trollhetta、スパーバー)を出すなど成功、計3度ドイツチャンピオンサイアーを獲得した。1歳下のキンチェムとともにかつてのオーストリア=ハンガリー帝国の競馬・馬産レベルの高さを現在に伝えている。




クォーターホース(Quarter horse)は、正式にはアメリカンクォーターホース(American quarter horse)と呼ばれるウマの品種の一つ。体高は150cm、体重は400kg程度。アメリカにおいて主として乗馬・牧畜作業・競馬用として使用。世界各地で400万頭余りが登録されており、事実上世界で最も頭数の多い品種である。




サラブレッド(英語: Thoroughbred)とは、18世紀初頭にイギリスでアラブ馬やハンター(狩猟に用いられたイギリス在来の品種)等から競走用に品種改良された軽種馬である。 競走時には人を背負った状態で、数分間継続して50〜70km/hの速度で走る能力を持つ。2002年に日本国内で行われた1000mのレースにおいて、600m-800m区間の200m通過時間9.6秒(時速75km)が計測されたことがある。この馬は負担重量として56キロを背負っていた。 短距離ではさらに速い速度が計測されており、2005年にマウントプレザントメドウズで行われた402mの下級戦で終端速度時速84kmを観測している。ただし、この距離ではクォーターホースのほうが早く、同じ競馬場の同じコースにおいて、レース"中間で"時速92.4kmを観測している。 競馬以外には乗馬やポロなど多数の用途に使用される。オリンピックなどの馬術競技で活躍するサラブレッドも少数ながら存在し、アメリカ合衆国の障害飛越殿堂馬22頭のうち、サラブレッドは15頭にもおよぶ。 語源は Thorough [ 完璧な、徹底的な ] + bred [ 品種 ] で人為的に完全管理された血統を意味する。ここから「名家の出」「名門の出」の比喩としても用いられる。


シャイヤー(Shire)は、馬の品種の1つ。重種に分類される。非常に大型の馬体と強い力、脚のふさふさ(距毛)が特徴。気性は大変おとなしく鈍重。原産国はイギリスで、ノルマン・コンクエストによって持ち込まれたヨーロッパ大陸の大型馬に由来する。 体高(肩までの高さ)は18ハンド(約183cm)が平均的、体重1トンを超える事も珍しくない。かつては10馬力を遙かに超える力の強さを生かして挽き馬として使われていたが、20世紀に進んだ農業の機械化によって絶滅の危機に瀕した。現在は保護活動もあり再び増加傾向にある。


シャギャ・アラブ(ハンガリー語: shagya-arab )またはシャギア・アラブは馬の品種のひとつ。19世紀にオーストリア・ハンガリー帝国のバボルナ、メズーヘジェシュ、ラダウツ、ピバー、トポルチャンキーといった牧場で開発されたアラブ種の馬である 。今日、チェコ、オーストリア、ルーマニア、旧ユーゴスラビア諸国、ポーランド、ドイツおよびハンガリーでもっとも多く見られるが、ほかの国にも輸出され世界中で育成されている。現在の純血シャギャ・アラブの血統は、ラダウツ、バボルナ、トポルチャンキーのスタッドブックにすべての系統が遡ることができる。一部ではこの品種はアラブの一系統と考えられているが、少量の非アラブ血脈の存在によりアングロアラブまたはアラブ系種と見なされている。




セルフランセ(Selle Francais)は馬の品種の一つ。中間種に分類され、乗馬、馬術競技馬として優れた性質を持っている。 セルフランセは耐久力に優れ性質は温厚で素直。アングロアラブや軍用として価値を失ったアングロノルマン等を元にしてフランスで作られた。その他にサラブレッドやスタンダードブレッド等雑多な血が含まれている。成立したのが比較的最近の上、アングロノルマンや血統の怪しいアングロアラブをそのままセルフランセとして分類したため純系化が進んでおらず、体型などの性質は個体によってばらつきが大きい。ただ優秀な馬しかセルフランセとして登録できないため能力は高い。乗馬用として好んで使用され億単位の値が付くこともある。アテネオリンピック障害飛越競技で金メダルを獲得したブラジルのバロベットドロエト(en:Baloubet du Rouet)等有名な競技馬も多くいる。


ターパン(Tarpan, 学名:Equus ferus ferus)は既に絶滅した野生のノウマの亜種である。ロシアで捕らわれていた最後の1頭は1909年に死亡した。 1930年代初頭、品種改良によってターパンを復活させようという試みが何度か行われた。その結果、ヘックホースやヘガルト、コニック等の品種が作出された。どれも元のターパンと似ており、特にグルロ色の毛色は似ていた。


トカラ馬(トカラうま)は、ウマの一品種。トカラ列島(鹿児島県鹿児島郡十島村や喜界島で飼育されてきた日本在来馬である。 体高はおよそ100-120cmと小型で、在来馬の中でも最小クラス。ポニーに分類される。毛色は鹿毛のものがほとんどである。暑さに強く、古くから農耕や運搬、サトウキビ搾りなどに利用されてきた。1953年に鹿児島県の天然記念物に指定されている。




ドンゴラ(アラビア語: دنقلا‎、Dongola)は、スーダンの都市。人口13473人(2010年)。スーダン北部、ナイル川の河畔に位置し、北部州の州都である。80km上流には、かつてマクリア王国の首都であったオールド・ドンゴラがある。ドンゴラは小さな街であるが多文化が混ざり合う町であり、アメリカのドンゴラ市をはじめとするいくつかの町の名の由来となっている。街にはドンゴラ空港や、公立大学であるドンゴラ大学がある.。 ドンゴラは古くから上ヌビア地方の中心地であり、マクリア時代からイスラム教化された時代までの多くの遺跡が存在している。ドンゴラはマクリア王国領となったのち、1820年に北のエジプトのムハンマド・アリーの侵略を受け、エジプト領スーダンの一部となった。1884年から1885年にかけて、マフディーの乱において南のハルツームに孤立したイギリス軍のチャールズ・ゴードンを救出するための援軍がドンゴラを通過した。この連隊はナイル川をボートでさかのぼっていったため、これにちなんでやがてロンドンのテムズ川でおこなわれるようになったレガッタ競争のうちのひとつにドンゴラ・レースの名がつけられた。


ハクニー (Hackney) とは、中間種、乗系種に分類される馬の品種のひとつである。ハクネーとも。ハクニー歩様という脚を高く上げて馬車を引く優雅な仕草で知られ、馬車用としては最上級の品種。馬車競技に用いられるため輓系とされることもある。




ファラベラ(Falabella)は馬の品種の1つ。最も小さな馬種として知られ、ペットとしてアメリカ合衆国などで人気がある。原産国はアルゼンチン、品種名は品種を成立させた同国のファラベラ家が由来。 成立は20世紀前半、アンダルシア馬やシェットランドポニーを元に作られた。そして品種改良を経て徐々に小型化され、今日では体高70~78 cmが標準的となっている。小さいものでは体高40 cm台しかなく、犬程の大きさにしかならない。体形はアラブ種やサラブレッドに似るという。 アメリカ合衆国ではその愛くるしい姿と、丈夫さ、人へのなつきやすさからペットとして人気が高い。日本では1970年の大阪万博のときにアルゼンチンから贈られたファラベラをこどもの国で飼育していた(1992年、2000年に死ぬ)。また1978年に来日したアルゼンチンのホルヘ・ラファエル・ビデラ大統領が当時の皇太子明仁親王に贈呈した2頭がこどもの国で飼育されていた(2013年、2014年に老衰で死ぬ)。なお、小型すぎる事から乗用馬としては全く適さない。ペット以外には犬の数倍の寿命を持つ事から盲導馬への調教も試みられている。


ペルシュロン (Percheron) は、重種、冷血種に分類される馬の品種のひとつ。 原産地はフランス・ノルマンディーで、成立は8世紀に遡り、フランス原産の重種にアラブ種などの血が入っているとされる。毛色は青毛、芦毛などが多く、体型はサラブレッドに比べ足が短く、胴が太い。体高(肩までの高さ)は160 - 170センチメートルで、大きなものでは2メートルを超える。体重は1トンにもなり、サラブレッドの倍ほどにもなる。 性格はおとなしく鈍重だが、非常に力が強い。その強い力を生かし、馬車馬、挽馬、ホースショーなどに使われる。かつては軍馬として、全身甲冑を着こんだ重装騎兵の乗馬や、大砲の牽引などに用いられた。 日本では主に開拓期以降の北海道で導入された。ばんえい競馬にも使われ、初めて1億円を超える賞金を獲得したキンタローもペルシュロンの影響を強く受けている。 記録が残る最大の馬はドクトゥール・ル・ジェア (Dr Le Gear) という牡馬で体高7フィート(211センチメートル)、体重1,370キログラムにもなった。


ホルシュタイン (Holstein) は、馬の種類のひとつ。乗馬用として飼育される。 ドイツのシュレスヴィヒ=ホルシュタイン州が原産。成立は13世紀であり、もっとも古い温血種のひとつであると考えられている。在来の馬にスペインの馬やバルブ種を交配することで作られ、19世紀以降はサラブレッドの血が導入され改良された。体高は16-17ハンド(約163-173cm)ほど、毛色は鹿毛、黒鹿毛、青毛などが多い。運動力があり、温血種の中でもとくに耐久力に優れ、乗馬として優れた才能を発揮する。


ポトック(フランス語:pottok, スペイン語:pottoka)は、フランスからスペインにまたがるバスク地方に産するポニーの品種。ピレネー山脈一帯で生育し、ピレネー馬とも呼ばれる。ポトックの名はバスク語で「小さい馬」を意味する語に由来している。 ポトックの起源は、先史時代のマドレーヌ文化期(紀元前14000年-紀元前7000年)のウマにまでさかのぼると考えられている。この時期の洞窟絵画にもポトックに似たウマの絵が描かれている。黒毛もしくは鹿毛で、肩までの高さが1.15m - 1.47m程度である。頭は大きく、小さな耳、短い首、長い背中に粗いたてがみをもつ。 大半は半野生馬であるが、農耕馬や鉱山の荷馬、サーカスの曲馬などにも使われた。混血が増えているため、ビダレーでは純血種を守るための試みが行なわれている。 エスプレットではポトックの馬市がたつ。バイヨンヌのラグビーチーム、アビロン・バイヨンヌはポトックをチームマスコットにしている。


マスタングもしくはムスタング(英語: mustang)は、北アメリカ大陸のプレーリー地帯にスペイン人が持ち込んだ小型馬が野生化したもののことである。スペイン語のmestengoに由来し、この語は迷子になった、あるいは主人のいない家畜を意味する。 人間に服従しない独立の精神に富んだ性格で知られ、アーネスト・トンプソン・シートンのいわゆる『シートン動物記』の中の一作『だく足のマスタング』にもその姿が活写されている。一部は再家畜化されクォーターホース等の基礎になった。 北アメリカ大陸はウマ科の発祥の地であるが、最終氷期後に絶滅した。それ以降北米大陸に馬は存在しなかったが、一度野生の群れができると天敵がほとんどいなかったため急速に数を増し、一時その数は200万頭に達した。元になった個体はアンダルシアン等が中心だったと考えられるが、一部の群れにはサラブレッドやアラブ種等軽種の影響も見られる。現在は2万5000頭ほどが保護され残っている。


モウコウマ(蒙古馬、英語: Mongolian horse、モンゴル語: Адуу, aduu)モンゴル周辺の中央アジア原産の馬。ポニーに分類され、体高は120cmから140cm程度と比較的小さい。モンゴルに古くから伝わる品種で、遊牧民によって多数が群れで飼育され、牧畜の管理、移動、伝令、輓用などに用いられた。乳はそのままでは飲めず馬乳酒(アルコール度の低い発酵酒)に加工される。毛色は青毛、鹿毛、河原毛が多い。たてがみが豊富で頸は短く太い。野生の馬と飼育馬を交配する伝統が見られたが野生種は現在では絶滅したと推定される。


モウコノウマ(蒙古野馬、英語: Przewalski's Wild Horse、学名: Equus ferus przewalskii)は、ノウマの一亜種である。かつてはシマウマ、ノロバを除いた唯一の現存する野生馬と考えられていたが、約5500年前に現在のカザフスタンで飼われていた家畜馬の子孫であるという説が唱えられた。その為に「本当の野生馬(家畜化されていないノウマ)はすでに絶滅している」との主張もある。


ラバ(騾馬、英語: Mule、ラテン語: Mulus)は、雄のロバと雌のウマの交雑種の家畜である。北米、アジア(特に中国)、メキシコに多く、スペインやアルゼンチンでも飼育されている。 逆の組み合わせ(雄のウマと雌のロバの配合)で生まれる家畜をケッテイ(駃騠、英語: Hinny)と呼ぶが、ケッテイと比べると、ラバは育てるのが容易であり、体格も大きいため、より広く飼育されてきた。 家畜として両親のどちらよりも優れた特徴があり、雑種強勢の代表例である。




ロバ(驢馬、馿馬)は哺乳綱奇蹄目ウマ科ウマ属ロバ亜属 (Asinus) の総称、もしくは、その1種 Equus asinus。以下では主に Equus asinus について述べる。 別名うさぎうま(兎馬)。漢語では驢(ろ)。古代より家畜として使用される。現生ウマ科の中で一番小型だが、力は強く、記憶力も良い。学名 Equus asinus(エクゥス・アシヌス)は、ラテン語で「馬・ロバ」の意。






対州馬(たいしゅうば、たいしゅううま)は、対馬(長崎県対馬市)を中心に飼育されてきた日本在来種の馬。坂路への適応と温順な性質を特徴とする。 他の日本在来馬と同様、体高147センチメートル以下のポニーに分類される小柄な馬だが、険しい山道の多い対馬にあって、かつては農耕馬や木材・農作物・日用品等の運搬に用いる駄馬として活躍し、生活に欠かせない存在であった。




月毛(つきげ、英: palomino、羅: gilvus/gilvus spadix)とは、原毛色が栗毛または栃栗毛で、変異型MATP遺伝子(クリーム様希釈遺伝子)をヘテロで持つ馬が発現する毛色のこと、またはこの毛色を持つ馬そのものを指す。クリーム色から淡い黄白色の被毛を持つ。


木曽馬(きそうま)とは長野県木曽地域(木曽郡)を中心に飼育されているウマの一品種である。また日本在来馬の一つでもある。岐阜県飛騨地方でも飼育されている。 日本在来種は他に北海道和種(北海道、俗称:道産子)、野間馬(愛媛県今治市野間)、対州馬(長崎県対馬市)、御崎馬(宮崎県都井岬)、トカラ馬(鹿児島県トカラ列島)、宮古馬(沖縄県宮古諸島)、与那国馬(沖縄県八重山諸島)がいるが、本州の在来種は木曽馬のみである。 一時絶滅寸前であったが木曽馬保存会が中心に活動が行なわれた結果、飼育数は増加した。しかし以前のような乗用、農耕を目的とした需要はなく、現在は200頭以下 という。 平安時代から江戸時代にかけて、武士の馬として使用された。 起源ははっきりしていないが、元々は蒙古の(大陸系の)馬である。一説では紀元前1世紀の漢で改良された「蒙古草原馬」が2~3世紀、朝鮮半島経由で渡来したという。この馬が木曽地域という山岳地帯で飼育された影響で、木曽馬となったとされる。


河原毛(かわらげ、英: buckskin、羅: gilvus badius)とは、原毛色が鹿毛で、変異型MATP遺伝子(クリーム様希釈遺伝子)をヘテロで持つ馬が発現する毛色である。薄墨毛と混同されやすいが、別の遺伝子による。 関連する毛色にSmoky Blackがある。これは、原毛色が青毛、かつクリーム様希釈遺伝子をヘテロで持つ馬のことを言う。遺伝上は河原毛ではないが、日本馬事協会はこの毛色を定義していないため、河原毛または青鹿毛として登録されている馬の中に、この毛色を持つ馬が含まれている可能性がある。


粕毛(かすげ、英: Roan)は馬の毛色のひとつ。原毛色に白色毛が混毛し、体が灰色っぽく見える馬のこと、またはその状態そのものを指す。芦毛や薄墨毛と非常に混同されやすい毛色であるが、別の毛色である。 原毛色により、栗粕毛(原毛色が栗毛系)、鹿粕毛(原毛色が鹿毛系)、青粕毛(原毛色が青毛系)と区別する。


野間馬(のまうま)はウマの一品種である、また日本在来馬の一つとしても知られている。2018年現在日本の野間(愛媛県今治市)で飼育されている。体高はおよそ110 - 120センチメートルと小型で、ポニーに分類される。毛色は栗毛、鹿毛が中心である。


駁毛(ぶちげ、英: Pinto/Pattern)は、馬の毛色の一つで、体幹部に大きな白斑のあるもの。あるいはそういった特徴を備える馬そのものを指すこともある。日本では、原毛色が勝るものを鹿駁毛、栗駁毛、白斑が勝るものを駁鹿毛、駁栗毛などとする。 登録団体によっては駁毛として一括に登録されるが、厳密に言えば駁毛馬の中にも色々なパターンがある。本稿ではこれらについても併せて記述する。