Overview of all horse breeds

The database of our Horse Scanner app provides useful and interesting information about 372 individual horse breeds. You can even use the app to automatically determine the breed of your horse.

Abaco Barb

The Abaco Barb or Abaco Spanish Colonial Horse was a breed or population of feral horses on the island of Great Abaco, in the Bahamas.


The Abyssinian is a small horse breed bred in Ethiopia.


The Aegidienberger is a small gaited riding horse from Germany.

Ainos Pony

The Ainos Pony is a wild horse breed originating in Greece.


The Akhal-Teke ( or ; from Turkmen Ahalteke, [axalˈteke]) is a Turkmen horse breed.

Albanian Horse

The Albanian (Albanian: Kali Shqiptar) is the only indigenous horse breed in Albania.


The Altai is a horse breed developed in the Altai Mountains of Central Asia.

Alter Real

The Lusitano, also known as the Pure Blood Lusitano or PSL (Puro Sangue Lusitano), is a Portuguese horse breed, closely related to the Spanish Andalusian horse.

American Drum Horse

The American Drum Horse is a modern American breed of heavy horse of draft type.

American Indian Horse

The American Indian Horse is defined by its breed registry as a horse that may carry the ancestry of the Spanish Barb, Arabian, Mustang, or "Foundation" Appaloosa.

American Miniature Horse

American Miniature Horse - also called Miniature Horse - is a horse breed from the USA.

American Paint Horse

The American Paint Horse is a breed of horse that combines both the conformational characteristics of a western stock horse with a pinto spotting pattern of white and dark coat colors.

American Saddlebred

The American Saddlebred is a horse breed from the United States.

American Shetland Pony

The American Shetland Pony is an American breed of pony.

American Walking Pony

The American Walking Pony is a modern American breed of gaited riding pony.

American Warmblood

The American Warmblood is a horse of warmblood type, intended primarily for the traditional sport horse disciplines of dressage, show jumping, eventing and combined driving.


The Anadolu Pony is a Turkish breed of horse developed over 1,000 years ago.

Andravida Horse

The Andravida or Eleia Horse is a light draft breed found in the region of Ilia in Greece.


The Anglo-Arabian or Anglo-Arab is a crossbred, part-Arabian horse that now also has its own status as a horse breed.

Anglo-Norman Horse

The Anglo-Norman horse is a warmblood horse breed developed in Lower Normandy in northern France.

Appaloosa Sport Horse

The Appaloosa Sport Horse was a relatively young horse breed, born out of the growing popularity of dressage and show jumping in US equestrian circles.


The AraAppaloosa, also known as the Araloosa, Arappaloosa and the Ara-Appaloosa, is a part-Arabian horse breed that is the result of a cross between an Arabian horse and an Appaloosa, combining the refined phenotype of the Arabian with the leopard-spotted coloring of the Appaloosa.


The Arabian-Berber is a horse breed that was created about 1000 years ago by crossing Arabs or thoroughbred Arabs and Berbers.


The Arabian-Frisian is a sport horse breed bred on the basis ofthe Frisian.


From the Arabian-Haflinger cross between Arabians and Haflingers (mostly Arabian stallion and Haflinger mare), which appeared around 1960, the Arabian-Haflinger horse breed developed in Austria.


The Arenberg-Nordkirchen, German: 'Arenberg-Nordkirchner', is a breed of small riding horse from north-west Germany.

Argentine Polopony

The Polo Argentino (Argentine Polopony) is a horse breed from Argentina.


The Arravani is a gaited horse breed from the Greek Peloponnese.


The Asturcón is an ancient breed of small horse or pony from the autonomous region of Asturias in northern Spain.

Australian Pony

The Australian Pony is a breed of pony that developed in Australia.

Australian Riding Pony

The Australian Riding Pony is a breed of pony developed in Australia since the 1970s.

Australian Stock Horse

The Australian Stock Horse (or Stockhorse), has been especially bred for Australian conditions.

Australian Warmblood

The Australian Warmblood is an Australian horse breed.

Austrian Warmblood

An Austrian Warmblood is a warmblood type of horse registered with the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Warmblutzucht in Österreich (Association of Warmblood Breeding in Austria (AWÖ)).


The Auxois is a horse breed from eastern France.

Azteca Horse

The Azteca is a horse breed from Mexico, with a subtype, called the "American Azteca", found in the United States.


Baden-Baden (foaled 1874 in Kentucky) was an American Thoroughbred racehorse best known for winning the 1877 Kentucky Derby.

Baise Horse

The Baise horse (also known as the Guangxi) is a pony-sized horse breed native to the autonomous region of Guangxi, in southeastern China.

Baluchi Horse

The Baluchi horse is a breed of horse native to the Baluchistan, Sindh and Punjab Provinces in Pakistan.

Barb Horse

The Barb or Berber horse (Berber: ⴰⵢⵢⵉⵙ ⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖ; Arabic: حصان بربري‎) is a North African breed of riding horse with great hardiness and stamina.


The Bardigiano is a breed of small horse from the Emilia Romagna region of Italy.

Basuto Pony

The Basuto is a pony breed from Lesotho and South Africa.

Batak Pony

The Batak pony, also called the Deli pony is a pony breed from Indonesia.

Bavarian Warmblood

The Bavarian Warmblood is a horse breed of southern Germany that developed from an older Bavarian heavy warmblood breed called the Rottaler.

Belgian Horse

The Belgian or Belgian Draft, French: Trait belge, Dutch: Belgisch Trekpaard, is a Belgian breed of draft horse.

Belgian Riding Pony

The Belgian Saddle Pony (Dutch: Belgische Rijpony, abbreviated BRP) is a breed of sport ponies, native to Belgium.

Belgian Warmblood

The Belgian Warmblood, Dutch: Belgisch Warmbloedpaard, is a Belgian breed of warmblood sport horse.

Bhutia Horse

The Bhutia Horse is a breed of small mountain horse from Sikkim and the district of Darjeeling in northern India.

Black Forest Horse

The Black Forest Horse, German: Schwarzwälder Kaltblut, is an endangered German breed of light draft horse from the Black Forest of southern Germany.:444


The Boerperd is a modern breed of horse from South Africa.

Bosnian Mountain Horse

The Bosnian Mountain Horse (Bosnian: Bosanski brdski konj / Босански брдски коњ) is the only indigenous breed of domestic horse in Bosnia and Herzegovina, where it constitutes about 70% of the horse population.

Boulonnais Horse

The Boulonnais, also known as the "White Marble Horse", is a draft horse breed.


The Brandenburger is a warmblood horse breed originating in Germany.

Breton Horse

The Breton is a breed of draft horse.

British Spotted Pony

The British Spotted is a small pony breed originating in England.


A brumby is a free-roaming feral horse in Australia.

Budyonny Horse

The Budyonny is a breed of horse from Russia.


The Burguete horse (Spanish: Caballo Burguete or Caballo de Raza Burguete, Basque: Aurizko zaldia) is a breed of horse from the Navarre region of northern Spain.

Byelorussian Harness Horse

The Belarus Harness Horse, Belarusian: Беларускі запражны конь, romanized: Bielaruski zapražny koń, is a Belarusian breed of draught horse.

Calabrese Horse

The Calabrese is a breed of horse originating from Italy, generally used for riding.

Camargue Horse

The Camargue horse is an ancient breed of horse indigenous to the Camargue area in southern France.

Camarillo White Horse

The Camarillo White Horse is a rare horse breed less than 100 years old known for its pure white color.


The Campeiro is a breed of small horse from Brazil.


The Campolina horse breed of Brazil is named after Cassiano Campolina, the farmer who developed the breed.

Canadian Horse

The Canadian horse (French: cheval Canadien) is a horse breed from Canada.

Canadian Sport Horse

The Canadian Sport Horse was mainly used by Canadian farmers.


Canik is one of the main municipalities in Samsun, Turkey, located at the east of the city center.

Carolina Marsh Tacky

The Carolina Marsh Tacky or Marsh Tacky is a rare breed of horse, native to South Carolina.

Carthusian Horse

The Andalusian, also known as the Pure Spanish Horse or PRE (pura raza española), is a horse breed from the Iberian Peninsula, where its ancestors have lived for thousands of years.

Caspian Horse

The Caspian is a small horse breed native to Northern Iran.


The Castillonais or Cheval Ariègeois de Castillon , also formerly called Cheval du Biros or Saint-Gironnais, is an ancient breed of small rustic saddle-horse from the Ariège département of south-western France.

Cayuse Horse

Cayuse is an archaic term used in the American West, originally referring to a small landrace horse, often noted for unruly temperament.

Cheju Pony

The Jeju horse(제주마, Jejuma) is a horse breed native to the Jeju Island in South Korea.

Chilean Horse

The Chilean Corralero or Chilean Criollo (Spanish: Caballo de Pura Raza Chilena) is the Chilean national breed of Criollo horse.

Chincoteague Pony

The Chincoteague pony, also known as the Assateague horse, is a breed of horse that developed and lives in a feral condition on Assateague Island in the states of Virginia and Maryland in the United States.

Cleveland Bay

The Cleveland Bay is a breed of horse that originated in England during the 17th century, named after its colouring and the Cleveland district of Yorkshire.

Colonial Spanish Horse

Colonial Spanish horse is a term popularized by D.

Comtois Horse

The Comtois horse is a draft horse that originated in the Jura Mountains on the border between France and Switzerland.

Connemara Pony

The Connemara Pony (Irish: Capaillín Chonamara) is a pony breed originating in Ireland.

Corsican Horse

The Corsican (Corsican: U Cavallu Corsu or u paganacciu, French: Cheval corse) is a breed of small domestic horse indigenous to the Mediterranean island of Corsica, off the coast of south-eastern France.

Criollo Horse

The Criollo (in Spanish), or Crioulo (in Portuguese), is the native horse of the Pampas (a natural region between Uruguay, Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay, in South America) with a reputation for long-distance endurance linked to a low basal metabolism.

Croatian Coldblood

The Croatian Coldblood (Croatian: Hrvatski hladnokrvnjak, German: Kroatisches Kaltblut) is an autochthonous medium-heavy horse breed of draught horse originating from Croatia.

Curly Horse

A Curly is a breed of horse.

Czech Warmblood

The Czech Warmblood, Czech: 'Český teplokrevník', is the warmblood sport horse of the Czech Republic.

Dales Pony

The Dales pony is one of the United Kingdom's native mountain and moorland pony breeds.


The Azerbaijan horse (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan atı) is a mountain-steppe racing and riding horse.

Danish Sport Pony

The Danish Sport Pony is a breed of riding pony.

Danish Warmblood

The Danish Warmblood (Dansk Varmblod) is the modern sport horse breed of Denmark.

Danube Delta Horse

The Danube Delta horses are a population of feral horses in Romania.

Dartmoor Pony

The Dartmoor Pony is breed of pony that lives on Dartmoor England.


The Davertnickel was a wild living house-horse-breed, that got extinct since the beginning of the 19.


The Deliboz (Azeri: Diliboz atı) is an Azerbaijani breed of light riding horse.

Dillenburger Ramsnase

The horse breed known as Dillenburger Ramsnase goes back to a breeding based on Holstein and Danish mares with Spanish, Neapolitan and Oriental stallions, which was initiated by the court stud of the Dillenburg Counts as early as the 16th century.


The Dombes half-breed (French demi-sang de la Dombes, also known as cheval de Bresse or demi-sang de l'Ain) is an extinct French horse breed from the historic regions of Dombes and Bresse in what is now the department of Ain.


The Dosanko (道産子), also known as the Hokkaido Horse (北海道馬, Hokkaidō uma) and Hokkaido Pony (北海ポニー, Hokkaidō ponī), is one of the eight extant indigenous horse breeds of Japan, and the only one of the eight not critically endangered.

Dutch Draft

The Dutch Draft, Dutch: 'Nederlands Trekpaard', is a Dutch breed of heavy draft horse.

Dutch Harness Horse

The Dutch Harness Horse, or Tuigpaard, is a warmblood breed of fine driving horse that has been developed in the Netherlands since the end of World War II.

Dutch Warmblood

A Dutch Warmblood is a warmblood type of horse registered with the Koninklijk Warmbloed Paardenstamboek Nederland (Royal Warmblood Studbook of the Netherlands (KWPN), which governs the breeding of competitive dressage and show jumping horses, as well as the show harness horse and Gelderlander, and a hunter studbook in North America.Developed through a breeding program that began in the 1960s, the Dutch are some of the most successful competition horses developed in postwar Europe.


The Dole Gudbrandsdal, Dølahest or Dole is a draft- and harness-type horse from Norway.

Dülmen pony

The Dülmen is the only native pony breed in Germany, now that the Senner pony of the Teutoburg Forest is extinct.

East Bulgarian

The East Bulgarian is a Bulgarian breed of warmblood horse.


The Edelbluthaflinger originated in the 1960s from Haflingers, which were refined by increasing the proportion of Arab blood in order to obtain a modern, versatile small horse.


The Emscherbrücher or Emscherbrücher Dickkopp was a wild living house-horse-breed in Germany.

Eriskay Pony

The Eriskay Pony (Scottish Gaelic: Each Beag nan Eilean or Each Èirisgeach) is a breed of pony from Scotland.

Estonian Horse

Estonian horse (Estonian: eesti hobune), also known as the Estonian native, the Estonian Klepper, or natively the Eesti hobune, is a relatively small horse breed originating in Estonia.

Ethiopian Horses

Ethiopian horses are those breeds or types of horse found in Ethiopia, formerly known as Abyssinia.

European Appaloosa Pony

The European Appaloosa Pony is a horse breed whose breeding is operated by the ECHA-ESV.

Exmoor Pony

The Exmoor pony is a horse breed native to the British Isles, where some still roam as semi-feral livestock on Exmoor, a large area of moorland in Devon and Somerset in southwest England.


The Falabella miniature horse is one of the smallest breeds of horse in the world, seldom taller than 8 hands (32 inches, 81 cm) in height at the withers.

Faroe Pony

The Faroe pony, Faeroes pony, or Faroese horse, (Føroyska rossið in Faroese) is a small pony, with a height between 11.1 to 12.1 hands (45 to 49 inches, 114 to 124 cm).

Fell Pony

The Fell Pony is a versatile, working breed of mountain and moorland pony originating in the north of England in Cumberland and Westmorland (now Cumbria) and Northumberland.


The Fleuve is a breed of horse from Senegal, in West Africa.

Florida Cracker Horse

The Florida Cracker Horse is a breed of horse from the state of Florida in the United States.


The Foutanké or Fouta is a breed or type of light horse from Senegal, in West Africa.


The Frederiksborger is Denmark's oldest horse breed.


The Freiberger, also known as Franches-Montagnes, is a horse breed from Switzerland, from the Jura region, described as either a "heavy warmblood" or a "light coldblood".

French Saddle Pony

The French Saddle Pony, also called the Poney Français de Selle, is pony breed developed as a sport pony for children and smaller adult riders.

French Trotter

The French Trotter is a French breed of trotting horse bred for racing both ridden and in harness.:132 It was bred specifically for racing in the nineteenth century, principally in Normandy in north-western France.

Furioso-North Star

The Furioso-North Star is a horse breed developed in Hungary at the Mezőhegyes stud farm.


The Galiceno is a horse breed developed in Mexico, bred from horses brought from Spain by Hernán Cortés and other conquistadors.

Galician Horse

The Galician or Galician Mountain Horse, Spanish: Caballo de Pura Raza Gallega, Galician: Raza Equina Cabalo Galego do Monte, is a breed of small horse from Galicia, in north-western Spain.


The Galloway pony is an extinct horse breed, once native to Scotland and northern England.


The Garrano, from Gaelic gearran, a pony of the Iberian horse family, is an endangered breed of horse from northern Portugal, mainly used as a pack horse, for riding, and for light farm work.

Gelderland Horse

The Gelderland, or Gelderlander, is a heavy warmblood breed of horse that was developed in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands.


A jennet or Spanish jennet was a small Spanish horse.

German Classic Pony

The German Classic Pony or German: Deutsches Classic-Pony is a modern German breed of riding pony.

German Part-Bred Shetland Pony

The German Part-Bred Shetland Pony is descended from the Shetland pony and has been kept in a separate stud book since 1999.

German Riding Horse

The name German Riding Horse doesn't stand for an own horse breed but is rather a generic term for warmblood-horses bred in Germany.

German Riding Pony

The Deutsche Reitpony or German Riding Pony is a very popular pony breed in Germany.

German Warmblood

German Warmblood may refer generally to any of the various warmblood horses of Germany, or more specifically to a warmblood registered with the nationwide German Horse Breeding Society (ZfDP).

Giara Horse

The Giara horse (Sardinian: Cuaddeddu de sa Jara, Italian: Cavallino della Giara) is a horse breed native to the island of Sardinia.


The Gidran, Gidrán, or Hungarian Anglo-Arab is a horse breed developed in Hungary from bloodstock that included the Arabian horse.

Grade Horse

A grade horse is a horse whose parentage is unknown, unidentifiable, or of significantly mixed breeding.

Groningen Horse

The Groningen Horse is a Dutch horse breed developed for light draft and agricultural work.


The Guoxia is breed of small horse from the counties of Debao, Jingxi and Tianyang in the prefecture of Baise, in the western part of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, in southern China.

Gypsy Horse

The Gypsy Cob, also known as the Traditional Gypsy cob, Irish Cob, Gypsy Horse or Gypsy Vanner, is a type or breed of domestic horse from the islands Great Britain and Ireland.


Hack within the activity of equestrianism commonly refers to one of two things: as a verb, it describes the act of pleasure riding for light exercise, and as a breed (Hackney/hack), it is a type of horse used for riding and pulling carriages.

Hanoverian Horse

A Hanoverian (German: Hannoveraner) is a warmblood horse breed originating in Germany, which is often seen in the Olympic Games and other competitive English riding styles, and has won gold medals in all three equestrian Olympic competitions.

Heavy Warmblood

The heavy warmbloods (German: Schwere Warmblüter) are a group of horse breeds primarily from continental Europe.

Heck Horse

The Heck horse is a horse breed that is claimed to resemble the tarpan (Equus ferus ferus), an extinct wild equine.

Hessian Warmblood

The Hessian Warmblood is a warmblood horse breed that was bred until 2009 and has since then been completely absorbed into the Hanoverian Horse Breeding Association.


Hickstead (March 2, 1996 – November 6, 2011) was a stallion ridden by Canadian Eric Lamaze.

Highland Pony

The Highland Pony is a native Scottish pony, and is one of the largest of the mountain and moorland pony breeds of the British Isles.


The Hınıs (pronounced [hɯnɯs], in Turkish: Hınıs'ın kolu kısası, literally "the short-legged Hınıs" or Kolu Kisa, "short-legged"), is a breed of saddle horse presumed extinct or very rare, originating from the region of Hınıs in northeastern Anatolia, Turkey, to which it owes its name.


The Hispano-Árabe is a Spanish horse breed originating from the cross-breeding of Arab and Andalusian horses.


The Holsteiner is a breed of horse originating in the Schleswig-Holstein region of northern Germany.

Hucul Pony

The Hucul or Carpathian is a pony or small horse breed originally from the Carpathian Mountains.

Hungarian Sport Horse

The Hungarian Sport Horse, Hungarian: 'Magyar sportló', is a modern Hungarian breed of sporting horse.

Indian Half-Bred

The Indian Half-bred is a horse type from the subcontinent of India.


The Iomud is a breed of light horse from Turkmenistan.

Irish Draught

The Irish Draught horse is the national horse breed of Ireland which developed primarily for farm use.

Irish Sport Horse

The Irish Sport Horse, or Irish Hunter, is an Irish breed of warmblood sporting horse, used mostly for dressage, eventing and show-jumping.

Italian Heavy Draft

The Italian Heavy Draft, or Rapid Heavy Draft, is a breed of draft horse from Italy.

Java Pony

The Java pony is a breed of pony developed on the island of Java in Indonesia.

Jutland Horse

The Jutland horse (Danish: Den jyske hest) is a draft horse breed originating in Denmark, named after the Jutland Peninsula which forms the western part of the country.

Kabarda Horse

The Kabarda or Kabardin horse is a breed from the Caucasus, currently part of the Kabardino-Balkaria region of Russia.


The Karabair, (Uzbek: Qorabayir, Kazakh: Qarabaıyr; Tajik: қаробоҳирӣ, Ķaroboḩirī; Russian: Карабаирская), is a long-established horse breed from Central Asia, and particularly from Uzbekistan and northern Tajikistan.:290 It results from the cross-breeding of desert horses of Arabian or Turkmene type from the south with steppe horses from the north.

Karabakh Horse

The Karabakh (Azerbaijani: Qarabağ atı), also known as the Karabai or Karabakhskaya in Russian, is a mountain-steppe racing and riding horse.


The Karacabeyer is a horse breed from Turkey.


The Karachay (Karach.-Balk. Къарачай ат) is a horse breed developed in the Northern Caucasus.

Kathiawari Horse

thumb The Kathiawari or Kathiawadi (Gujarati: કાઠીયાવાડી) is a breed of horse from the Kathiawar peninsula in western India.

Kazakh Horse

The Kazakh (Kazakh: Qazaq) is a horse breed of the Kazakh people, who live mainly in Kazakhstan, but also in parts of China, Mongolia, Russia and Uzbekistan.

Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse

The Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse is a horse breed from the U.S.

Kerry Bog Pony

The Kerry Bog Pony is a mountain and moorland breed of pony that originated in Ireland.

Kiger Mustang

The Kiger mustang is a strain of mustang horse located in the southeastern part of the U.S.

Kinsky Horse

The Kinsky Horse is a Czech breed of warmblood sport horse.


Kisber (1873–1895) was a Hungarian-bred Thoroughbred racehorse and sire.


The Kiso or Kiso Horse (Japanese: 木曽馬, kiso uma) is one of the eight indigenous horse breeds of Japan.


The Kladruber (Czech Starokladrubský kůň) is the oldest Czech horse breed and one of the world's oldest horse breeds.


The Knabstrupper, also called Knabstrup horse, is a Danish breed of horse with an unusual range of coat coloration.


The Konik (Polish: konik polski or konik biłgorajski) or the Polish primitive horse is a small, semi-feral horse, originating in Poland.


The Kushum (Other names: Kushumskaya (Russian), West Kazakh Saddle-Draft (English)) is a horse breed newly bred between 1931 and 1976 from Kazakhstan.

Kustanai Horse

The Kustanair (Kazakh: Qostanaı) is a breed of horse developed in Kazakhstan in the former U.S.S.R.

Kyrgyz Horse

The Kyrgyz Horse or Kirgiz Horse is a traditional breed of small horse from the Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan).

Landais Pony

The Landais is a critically-endangered French breed of small horse or pony.

Latvian Coldblood

The Latvian Coldblood (Latvian: Latvijas ardenis 'Latvian Ardennes') is a medium-heavy coldblood horse of the Swedish Ardennes type.

Latvian Horse

The Latvian Horse (Latvian: Latvijas šķirne or Latvijas zirgi) is a purpose-bred warmblood horse breed from Latvia.

Lehmkuhlener Pony

The Lehmkuhlener Pony is a rare pony breed from Schleswig-Holstein in Germany.


The Leutstettener Horse (also Sárvár horse) is a rather rare horse breed today (about 50 specimens), which was bred until 2006, especially at the Leutstetten stud farm in Bavaria (Germany).


The Lewitzer is a pony breed from Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.


The Liebenthaler horse (also called Liebenthaler Wild Horse, Liebenthaler Wildling or simply Liebenthaler) was created in 1960 as a forest tarpan re-breeding project from a crossing of fjord horses and coniks.

Lithuanian Heavy Draught

The Lithuanian Heavy Draught is a draught horse breed created in Lithuania during the 19th and 20th centuries.


The Lokai, a mountain horse bred in Tajikistan, is used as a riding horse, a packhorse, or even sometimes a light draft horse.


The Caballo Losino or Caballo de Raza Losina is a breed of horse from the Valle de Losa in the province of Burgos, in Castile and León in northern Spain.

Lundy Pony

The Lundy Pony is a breed of pony first developed on Lundy Island in England.


The Lusitano, also known as the Pure Blood Lusitano or PSL (Puro Sangue Lusitano), is a Portuguese horse breed, closely related to the Spanish Andalusian horse.

Luxembourg Warmblood

The Luxembourg Warmblood or French: Cheval de Selle Luxembourgeois is a Luxembourgeois breed of warmblood sport horse.


The M'Bayar is a breed of small horse from the historic region of Baol in Senegal, in West Africa.


The Malakan is the only breed of draft horses in Turkey.


The Mallorquín or Caballo Mallorquín (Catalan: Cavall Mallorquí) is a rare breed of horse indigenous to the island of Mallorca in the Balearic Islands, from which it takes its name.


The Malopolski (Polish: koń małopolski) is a Polish horse breed developed in the 19th century in Lesser Poland, Polish Małopolska, hence the name.


The Mangalarga is a horse breed that was originally developed in Brazil by Francisco Gabriel Junqueira, the Baron of Alfenas, when he began breeding Royal Alter stallions from Portugal with local colonial mares on his lands in Baependi County at Minas Gerais State.

Mangalarga Marchador

The Mangalarga Marchador is a Brazilian breed of riding horse.


The Maremmano is a breed of horse originating in the Maremma area of Tuscany and northern Lazio in Italy.

Marwari Horse

The Marwari or Malani is a rare breed of horse from the Marwar (or Jodhpur) region of Rajasthan, in north-west India.


The Mecklenburger is a warmblood horse bred in the Mecklenburg-Vorpommern region of north-eastern Germany.

Menorquín horse

The Menorquín or Catalan: Cavall Menorquí is a breed of horse indigenous to the island of Menorca in the Balearic Islands, from which it takes its name.

Messara Horse

The Messara (also known as Cretan horse) is a light riding and draft horse found on the island of Crete off the coast of Greece.

Međimurje horse

The Međimurje horse (pronounced [mɛdʑǐmuːriɛ]; Croatian: Međimurski konj, German: Murinsulaner, Hungarian: Muraközi ló, Slovene: Medžimurski konj) is an autochthonous medium-heavy horse breed of draught horse originating from Međimurje County in northernmost part of Croatia.

Miniature Horse

Miniature horses are horses defined by their small height.


The Misaki (御崎馬/岬馬, Misaki uma) is a critically-endangered Japanese breed of small horse.

Missouri Fox Trotter

The Missouri Fox Trotter is a horse breed that originated in the state of Missouri in the United States.

Miyako Horse

The Miyako (宮古馬, Miyako uma) is a rare breed of horse originating from Miyako Island, in Japan.


The Morab is an American breed of horse originally developed through the cross-breeding of Arabian and Morgan horses.

Moyle Horse

The Moyle is a rare horse breed.


The Murgese horse originated in the Murge, Apulia area of Italy during the Spanish rule, and was developed from Barb and Arabian horses.

Mérens horse

The Mérens, Cheval de Mérens or Caballo de Merens, still occasionally referred to by the older name of Ariégeois pony, is a small, rustic horse native to the Pyrenees and Ariégeois mountains of southern France, where the Ariège River flows, and northern Spain, near Andorra.

Namib Desert Horse

The Namib Desert Horse (Afrikaans: Namib Woestyn Perd) is a rare feral horse found in the Namib Desert of Namibia, Africa.


The Nangchen horse is a small breed of horse native to the Kham region of northern Tibet, thought to have been bred pure since the 9th century.

Narragansett Pacer

The Narragansett Pacer was the first horse breed developed in the United States, but is now extinct.

Neapolitan Horse

The Neapolitan Horse, Italian: (Cavallo) Napoletano, Neapolitano or Napolitano, is a horse breed that originated in the plains between Naples and Caserta, in the Campania region of Italy, but which may have been bred throughout the Kingdom of Naples.

Nederlands Mini Paarden

The Nederlands Mini Paarden is also a breed descended from the Shetland pony from the Netherlands.

New Forest Pony

The New Forest pony is one of the recognised mountain and moorland or native pony breeds of the British Isles.

Newfoundland Pony

The Newfoundland pony is a breed of pony originating in Newfoundland, Canada.

Noble Warmblood

The Noble Warmblood, also called Noble Warmblood of the GDR because of its breeding area, was a German horse breed.


The Noma (野間馬,, Noma-uma) is a critically-endangered Japanese breed of small horse.

Nonius Horse

The Nonius (Hungarian: Nóniusz) is a Hungarian horse breed named after its Anglo-Norman foundation sire.

Nooitgedacht Pony

The Nooitgedachter is a South African breed of riding horse.


The Nordlandshest/Lyngshest also known as the "Northlands horse" or "Northlands pony", is a horse breed originating in Norway.

Norfolk Trotter

The Norfolk Trotter is an extinct horse breed once native to East Anglia and Norfolk, England.


The Noriker horse, also called the Norico-Pinzgauer and historically known as the Pinzgauer horse, is a moderately heavy Austrian draught horse breed.

Norman Cob

The Norman Cob or Cob Normand is a breed of light draught horse that originated in the region of Normandy in northern France.

North American Single-Footing Horse

The North American Single-footing Horse, also called the Single-footing Horse or Single-footer, is a horse breed originating in the southern United States.


The Oldenburg or Oldenburger is a warmblood horse from the north-western corner of Lower Saxony, what was formerly the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg.

Orlov Trotter

The Orlov Trotter (also known as Orlov; Russian: орловский рысак) is a horse breed with a hereditary fast trot, noted for its outstanding speed and stamina.


The Orlow-Rostopchiner is a horse breed from Russia.

Ostfriesen and Alt-Oldenburger

The Alt-Oldenburger and Ostfriesen are representatives of a group of horse breeds primarily from continental Europe called heavy warmbloods.


A palfrey is a type of horse that was highly valued as a riding horse in the Middle Ages.

Panje Horse

The Panje Horse (from panje = Russian or Polish farmer) was used in the agriculture of Eastern Europe and was known for its hardness and unpretentiousness.


The Pantaneiro is a cattle breed from the Pantanal region of Brazil, where it has been raised for more than three hundred years.


A part-Arabian, partbred Arabian or, less precisely, half-Arabian, is a horse with documented amounts of Arabian horse breeding but not a purebred.

Paso Fino

The Paso Fino is a naturally gaited light horse breed dating back to horses imported to the Caribbean from Spain.

Paso Iberoamericano

The Paso Iberoamericano is a horse breed from Costa Rica that belongs to the gaited horses.

Peneia Pony

The Peneia Pony (Greek: αλογάκι της Πηνείας) is a rare breed of pony from the Peloponnese in southern Greece.


The Percheron is a breed of draft horse that originated in the Huisne river valley in western France, part of the former Perche province from which the breed takes its name.

Peruvian Paso

The Peruvian Paso or Peruvian Horse is a breed of light saddle horse known for its smooth ride.


The Pfalz-Ardenner is a comparatively young horse breed, which originated around 1900.

Pindos Pony

The Pindos (Greek: αλογάκι της Πίνδου) is breed of pony or small horse native to the Pindus mountain range in Thessaly and Epirus in Greece.


The Pintabian horse is an American part-Arabian horse breed.

Pleven Horse

The Pleven breed of horse is essentially Anglo-Arabian, and the breed was officially recognized in 1951.

Poitevin Horse

The Poitevin (French pronunciation: ​[pwat(ə)vɛ̃]) or Poitou is a French breed of draft horse.

Polo Pony

A polo pony is the term used for a horse used in the game of polo.

Poney Du Logone

The Poney du Logone is a breed of small horse or pony from the area of the Logone River in Chad and Cameroon, in west central Africa.

Pony of the Americas

The Pony of the Americas is a pony breed developed in the state of Iowa in the United States.


The Posavac (Croatian; Slovene: posavec), in Croatia also known as Posavina horse or the Croatian Posavac (hrvatski posavac), is a breed of medium-sized draught horse with a high capacity for weight pulling.


The Pottok or Pottoka ( or , Basque: pottoka [poˈcoka]), is an endangered, semi-feral breed of pony native to the Pyrenees of the Basque Country in France and Spain.


The Priob or Ob (Russian: Приобская, Priobskaya) is an endangered Russian breed of small horse from the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, in Tyumen Oblast in the Russian Federation.


The Qatgani:197 or Qataghani is a horse breed from the former Qataghan province of Afghanistan.


The Quarab is a horse breed from the United States, developed from a part-Arabian cross of Arabian horses, American Quarter Horses and Paint horses.

Quarter Pony

The Quarter Pony is a breed of pony that is similar to the American Quarter Horse.


Quba is a horse breed from Azerbaijan.

Racking Horse

The Racking Horse is a horse breed derived from the Tennessee Walking Horse, recognized by the USDA in 1971.


The Rahvan is a Turkish horse breed, which has probably existed for 800 years.


The Retuertas horse, Spanish: 'Caballo de las Retuertas' or Caballo de las Retuertas de Doñana, is a rare breed of horse indigenous to the Andalusia region of Spain.

Rhenish German Coldblood

The Rhenish German Coldblood, German: 'Rheinisch Deutsches Kaltblut', is a breed of heavy draught horse from the Rhineland area of western Germany.

Rhenish Warmblood

The Rhenish Warmblood, German: Rheinisches Warmblut or Rheinisches Reitpferd, is a German warmblood breed of sport horse.

Rocky Mountain Horse

The Rocky Mountain Horse is a horse breed developed in the state of Kentucky in the United States.

Romanian Sporthorse

The Romanian Sport Horse or Romanian Saddle Horse, Romanian: Cal de sport romanesc, is a Romanian breed of light riding horse.


The Rottaler Horse is a powerful warmblood-horse, that was until middle of the 20.

Russian Don

The Russian Don is a breed of horse developed in and named after the steppes region of Russia where the Don River flows.

Russian Heavy Draft

The Russian Draft or Russian Heavy Draft (Russian: Русский тяжеловоз, Russkii Tyazhelovoz) is a Russian breed of draft horse.

Russian Trotter

The Russian Trotter is a breed of trotting horse from the Russian Federation.

Sable Island Horse

The Sable Island horse (French: Cheval Île de Sable), sometimes referred to as the Sable Island pony (French: Poney Île de Sable), is a type of small feral horse found on Sable Island, an island off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada.

Sachsen-Anhaltiner Warmblood

Just like the Brandenburg Warmblood, the Saxon Warmblood and many other warmbloods, the Sachsen-Anhaltiner Warmblood belongs to the German sport horse nowadays and is therefore no longer bred directly.


The Salernitano is an endangered Italian breed of horse.


The Sanhe Horse got its name from an independent city in the province of Hebei, which borders the province of Inner Mongolia.

Sardinian Anglo-Arab

The Sardinian Anglo-Arab, (Sardinian: Anglu-Arabu Sardu) Sardinian, or AAS, is a horse breed from the Mediterranean island of Sardinia, where it has been selectively bred for more than one hundred years.

Saxon-Thuringia Coldblood

The Saxon-Thuringia Coldblood is a coldblood horse breed from Germany.

Saxon-Thuringian Heavy Warmblood

The Saxon-Thuringian Heavy Warmblood is a horse breed from the breeding areas Saxony and Thuringia.

Scandinavian Coldblood Trotter

A Coldblood Trotter may belong to either one of two closely related and interconnected breeds of horse: the Norsk Kaldblodstraver (Norwegian Coldblood Trotter) and the Svensk Kallblodstravare (Swedish Coldblood Trotter).

Schleswig Coldblood

The Schleswig Coldblood (German: Schleswiger Kaltblut, Danish: Slesvigsk Koldblod) is a breed of medium-sized draught horse originally from the historic Schleswig region of the Jutland Peninsula, which today is divided between modern Denmark and Germany, and from which its name derives.

Sella Italiano

Sella Italiano is an equine breed created in Italy.

Selle Français

The Selle Français (SF) is a breed of sport horse from France.


The Senner or Senne is a critically-endangered German breed of riding horse.

Shagya Arabian

The Shagya Arabian is a horse breed which was developed in the Austro-Hungarian Empire during the 19th century at the Bábolna, Mezőhegyes, Radautz, Piber, and Topolcianky studs.

Shire Horse

The Shire is a British breed of draught horse.

Silesian Horse

The Silesian horse, Polish: Koń śląski, Silesian: Ślůnski kůń, is a breed of warmblood horse from the area of historic Silesia, which lies mostly within modern Poland.

Skyros Pony

The Skyrian Horse (Greek αλογάκι της Σκύρου) is a breed of miniature horse found on the Greek isle of Skyros.

Slovak Saddle

The Slovak Saddle (Slovak: Slovenský teplokrvník) is a sport horse breed from Slovakia.

Small German Riding Horse

Small German Riding Horse is the name of a horse breed bred in Germany.

Sokolski Horse

The Sokolski, Polish: Sokólski or Koń sokólski, is a Polish breed of draught horse.

Somali Pony

The Somali Pony is a breed originating in Somalia in East Africa.


The Sorraia is a rare breed of horse indigenous to the portion of the Iberian peninsula, in the Sorraia River basin, in Portugal.

South German Coldblood

The South German Coldblood (German: Süddeutsches Kaltblut) is a breed of draught horse from southern Germany.

Soviet Heavy Draft

The Soviet Heavy Draft is a Russian breed of heavy draft horse.

Spanish Barb

The Spanish Barb horse is a direct descendant of the original horses brought over from Spain.

Spanish Mustang

The Spanish Mustang is an American horse breed descended from horses brought from Spain during the early conquest of the Americas.

Spanish-Norman Horse

The Spanish-Norman horse is a warmblood horse breed that is the result of crosses between two much older breeds – the Andalusian of Spain and the Percheron of France.

Spotted Saddle Horse

The Spotted Saddle Horse is a horse breed from the United States that was developed by crossing Spanish-American type gaited pinto ponies with gaited horse breeds, such as the Tennessee Walking Horse.

Sudan Country-Bred

The Sudan Country-Bred is a relatively new breed.

Sumbawa Pony

The Sumbawa Pony (Indonesian: kuda-Sumbawa) is a pony breed, named after the island on which they are bred, Sumbawa Island in Indonesia.

Swedish Ardennes

The Swedish Ardennes is a medium-size, heavyweight draft horse.

Swedish Warmblood

The Swedish Warmblood is a horse breed that was developed at Strömsholm and Flyinge in Sweden.

Swiss Warmblood

The Swiss Warmblood, also called the Einsiedler, is a horse breed, founded in the 10th century on the local Schwyer stock.

Taishū horse

The Taishū (対州馬, taishū uma) or Tsushima (対馬馬, tsushima uma) is a rare Japanese breed of small horse from Tsushima Island in the Korea Strait, in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan.In 1989 the population was reported as "critical" at 89 head.


The Tawleed horse breed was developed in the Khartoum region of Sudan.

Tennessee Walking Horse

The Tennessee Walking Horse or Tennessee Walker is a breed of gaited horse known for its unique four-beat running-walk and flashy movement.

Tersk Horse

The Tersk or Tersky is a Russian breed of light riding horse of Arab type.


Besides the Thessalian pony, in Greece there are also the Peneia pony, the Arravani pony and the Skyros pony (also Skyros horse).

Tiger Horse

Tiger horses are gaited, spotted horses with a coat color much like the Appaloosa.

Timor Pony

The Timor Pony was developed on Timor Island, likely from Indian breeds of horses and ponies that were imported to the island.

Tokara Horse

The Tokara (吐噶喇馬, Tokara-uma) (also known as the Kagoshima horse) is a Japanese horse native to the Tokara Islands, a group of islands in Kagoshima Prefecture at the southwestern tip of the island of Kyushu.

Tori Horse

The Tori (Estonian: tori hobune) is a horse originating in continental Estonia.

Trait Du Nord

The Trait du Nord, previously also known as Ardennais du Nord or Ardennais de type Nord, is a breed of heavy draft horse developed and bred in the area of Hainaut in western Belgium and in northeastern France.


Trakehner is a light warmblood breed of horse, originally developed at the East Prussian state stud farm in the town of Trakehnen from which the breed takes its name.


Trotters are several breeds of horses that are used in trotting races.


The Tschernomor horse is a breed that comes from the Black Sea region.


The Turkoman horse, or Turkmene, was an Oriental horse breed from the steppes of Turkoman desert.

Ukrainian Riding Horse

The Ukrainian Riding Horse (Ukrainian: украї́нський верхови́й кінь) or Ukrainian Saddle Horse is a modern Ukrainian breed of warmblood sport horse.


Origin of the Uzunyayla breed dates to 1854 in Turkey.


The Vlaamperd, SA Vlamperd or Vlamperd is a very rare horse breed developed in the Western Cape region of South Africa.

Vladimir Heavy Draft

The Vladimir Heavy Draft is a Russian breed of heavy draught horse.


The Vyatka or Viatka (Russian: Вятская лошадь, vyatskaya loshad) is an endangered breed of horse native to the former Vyatka region, now the Kirov Oblast of the Russian Federation.

Vyatka Horse

The Vyatka or Viatka (Russian: Вятская лошадь, vyatskaya loshad) is an endangered breed of horse native to the former Vyatka region, now the Kirov Oblast of the Russian Federation.


The Waler is an Australian breed of riding horse developed from horses that were brought to the Australian colonies in the 19th century.


The Walkaloosa is a horse breed that performs an intermediate ambling gait besides the trot.


The Warlander is a horse of Baroque type, produced by crossing Friesian horses with horses of a purebred registered Iberian horse breed such as the Andalusian, Lusitano, or Menorquina.


The Welara is a part-Arabian pony breed developed from the Arabian horse and the Welsh pony.

Welsh Pony and Cob

The Welsh Pony and Cob is a group of four closely-related horse breeds including both pony and cob types, which originated in Wales in the United Kingdom.

Western Sudan Pony

The Western Sudan pony (also known as the Darfur pony, Gharkawi, and Kordofani) is a breed of pony that is found in southern Darfur and southwestern Kordofan in Sudan.

Westphalian Horse

The Westphalian or Westfalen is a warmblood horse bred in the Westphalia region of western Germany.


The Wielkopolski is a breed of horse that was originated in Central and Western Poland in 1964, and is occasionally known as Mazursko-Poznanski.


The Woronesch horse is also called Bitjug.


The Württemberger, Baden-Württemberger or Württemberg is a Warmblood horse breed originating in Germany.

Xilingol Horse

A horse of central Inner Mongolia, the Xilingol is a light horse that is used both for riding and for draft purposes.

Yili Horse

The Yili is a small horse from the north-western Xinjiang region of China.


The Yonaguni or Yonaguni uma (与那国馬) is a critically-endangered Japanese breed of small horse.


The Zangersheide is a Belgian breed or stud-book of warmblood sport horses.


The Zaniskari or Zanskari is a breed of small mountain horse or pony from Ladakh, in northern India.


The Zweibrücker (pl.Zweibrücken) is a type of German warmblood horse bred in Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland.


The Çukurova is a rare Turkish horse breed.

Öland Horse

The Öland Horse, also called Ölännigen, was a horse breed on the Swedish Baltic Sea-island Öland.


The Žemaitukas (plural: Žemaitukai, literally: little Samogitian) is a historic horse breed from Lithuania.


克莱兹代尔马是一个挽马的品种,它的名字来源于苏格兰克莱兹代尔县的农马。尽管它最初只是挽马中一个较矮小的品种,但它现在已经是一个高大的品种了。克莱兹代尔马往往是枣色,并有着明显的白色标记,该标记源于它们身体里存在的落羽杉基因。这种马最初是用于农耕和拖运,如今也仍然被用作挽马。百威克莱兹代尔马是一群最著名的克莱兹代尔马,其次是英国皇家近卫骑兵的鼓马。克莱兹代尔马也被用于创造和改善其它品种。 该品种是从进口到苏格兰的弗拉芒种马和当地的母马交配发展而来的。最早将该品种称为“克莱兹代尔”的记录出现在1826年,到1830年出现了一个租用种马的系统,使得克莱兹代尔马普及到了整个苏格兰和英格兰北部。第一个品种注册机构成立于1877年。在19世纪末、20世纪初,成千上万的克莱兹代尔马从苏格兰出口到世界各地。其中也包括澳大利亚和新西兰,在那里它们被称为“建立澳大利亚的品种”。 在一战期间,由于机械化的发展和战争征用,该品种的数量开始下降。之后,下降仍在持续,到1970年代,稀有品种生存信托认为该品种很容易灭绝。在人为干预的这段时间,该品种的数量略有增加,但他们仍然认为很脆弱。


冰島馬是發展自冰島的一個馬品種。冰島馬雖然細小如矮種馬,但一般品種登記都將牠們分類為馬。冰島馬的發育遲緩,但也很長壽及耐苦。在國內,牠們只會患上很少類的疾病,因為冰島禁止馬匹入口及接收已出口的馬匹。 冰島馬有五種步態。牠們是冰島內唯一的馬品種,在國際也享負勝名,也有大量在歐洲及北美洲生活。在冰島,牠們會被用在幫助放牧、娛樂、馬術表演及賽馬 冰島馬的祖先是於9-10世紀被維京人帶到冰島的矮種馬,在冰島文獻及歷史紀錄上均有提及冰島馬,最早可以追溯至12世紀。在北歐神話中,馬是受到尊崇的。多個世紀來的選種培育將冰島馬發展成現今的模樣,而在冰島嚴寒的氣候下的自然選擇也有著重要的影響。於1780年代,火山爆發差不多將所有冰島馬消滅。


利皮赞马(克羅埃西亞語:Lipicanac,捷克語:Lipicán,匈牙利語:Lipicai,義大利語:Lipizzano,斯洛維尼亞語:Lipicanec),是一个马的品种,其名称来源于位于今斯洛文尼亚的利皮卡种马场,并与奥地利维也纳的西班牙骑术学校密切相关。在该校,这些马匹表现出古典盛装舞步的学校跳或“高中”(high school)动作,包括高度控制、特色跳跃和其它的“腾空动作”(airs above the ground)。西班牙骑术学校的马匹是使用传统方法训练的,这些方法可以追溯到数百年前,依据的是古典盛装舞步的原则。利皮赞马品种的历史可以追溯到16世纪,当时它是在哈布斯堡贵族的支持下发展起来的。该品种的名称来自于最早成立的种马场之一,该马场位于今斯洛文尼亚的利皮萨(意大利语拼作“Lipizza”)村附近。由于席卷整个欧洲的战争,包括第一次反法同盟战争、第一次世界大战和第二次世界大战,该品种已多次濒临灭绝。迪斯尼影片《白马的奇迹》,使美军在二战中营救利皮赞马的事迹家喻户晓。该品种还曾在许多电影、电视节目、书籍和其它媒体中担任主角或配角。 今天,有八匹种公马被公认为该品种的基础血统,它们都出生于18世纪末和19世纪初。现代所有利皮赞马的血统都能追溯到这八匹马,所有的繁殖种马都在其名字里包括其血统的基础祖先的名字。此外,经典的母马系也是已知的,其中有多达35种被不同的品种注册机构所认可。多数马匹是通过利皮赞马国际联盟(Lipizzan International Federation)的成员组织注册的,该联盟在欧洲涵盖了19个国家和9个国家育马场的近11,000匹马。大多数利皮赞马都在欧洲,也有一小部分在美洲、非洲和澳大利亚。利皮赞马通常为灰色,肌肉发达,成熟缓慢,但寿命长。


北瑞典馬(瑞典語:Nordsvensk brukshäst)是一種小型重型马品種,起源于瑞典。這種馬的肩高約145公分至160公分之間。传统上用于林业和农业工作。






哥特蘭矮種馬(瑞典語: Gotlandsruss)一種矮種馬品種,起源瑞典哥特蘭島。 這種馬的肩高約115公分至130公分之間。


安达卢西亚马,又称纯种西班牙马或PRE(Pura Raza Española),是一个马的品种,该品种来自伊比利亚半岛,它的祖先已经在那里生活了数千年。安达卢西亚马从15世纪就已经被认作一个单独的品种,并且其构造几个世纪以来变化非常小。在其整个历史上,安达卢西亚马作为战马以勇猛而闻名,并为贵族所珍视。该品种被西班牙政府用作一种外交工具,全欧洲的国王都骑过或拥有过西班牙马。在19世纪,战争、疾病和杂交使马群的数量剧减,尽管19世纪后期有所恢复,但这种趋势一直持续到20世纪初。直到1960年代,从西班牙出口安达卢西亚马都受到限制,但此后尽管其数量少,该品种仍然蔓延到了全世界。2010年,在全球范围内,有超过185,000匹注册的安达卢西亚马。 安达卢西亚马强壮、紧凑而优雅,鬃毛和尾巴又长又浓密。他们最常见的颜色是灰色,但它们也有许多其它的颜色。它们以智慧、灵敏度和顺从而闻名。该品种内有一个子品种称为迦太基,被育种者认为是最纯种的安达卢西亚马,尽管这个说法并没有遗传学上的证据。然而,该子品种仍然被认为是独立于主品种的,并且受到育种者的青睐,因为买方愿为迦太基血统的马花更多的钱。有几个相互竞争的注册机构保存着被认证为安达卢西亚马或PRE的马匹的记录,但他们对安达卢西亚马和PRE的定义有所不同,包括不同品种血统的纯度,和证书所有权的合法性。截至2011年 (2011-Missing required parameter 1=month!),至少有一场诉讼正在进行,以确定西班牙PRE证书的所有权。 安达卢西亚马与葡萄牙的卢西塔诺马密切相关,并已被用于开发许多其它品种,尤其是在欧洲和美洲。作为安达卢西亚马祖先的品种包括很多欧洲的温血马,以及西半球的品种,如阿兹台克马。经过几个世纪的发展,安达卢西亚品种因其运动能力和体力而受到青睐。这种马最初被用于古典盛装舞步、拉车、斗牛和作为牧马。现代的安达卢西亚马被用于很多马术活动,包括盛装舞步、场地障碍赛和拉车。该品种还被广泛用在电影中,尤其是历史影片和奇幻史诗。


巴什基尔马(俄語:Башкирская лошадь、巴什基爾語:Башҡорт аты)是巴什基尔人饲养的马种。 它主要分布在俄罗斯联邦内乌拉尔山脉南部和西部的巴什科尔托斯坦共和国。主要的育种中心在該共和國首府乌法。






摩根马(Morgan horse)是美国最早培育的马种之一。该马种可追溯到其基础祖先Figure,后来被以其最著名的主人贾斯汀·摩根的名字命名。摩根马在19世纪的美国历史上扮演了很多角色——被用作马车和轻架车赛,也被用作一般骑乘马。在南北战争中,冲突双方都曾使用摩根马作骑兵马。摩根马影响了其它主要的美国品种,包括美洲奎特马、田纳西步行马和标准马。在19世纪和20世纪,它们被出口到其它国家,包括英格兰。在英格兰,一匹摩根种马还影响了哈克尼马的育种。1907年,美国农业部在米德尔堡 (佛蒙特州)附近建立了美国摩根马场,目的是永续和改良摩根马品种;该马场后来被转移到佛蒙特大学。第一个品种注册机构成立于1909年,此后在美国、欧洲和大洋洲建立了许多组织。2005年,全世界估计有超过17.5万匹摩根马。 摩根马是一种紧凑、精致的品种,通常为枣色、黑色或栗色,但毛色也多种多样,包括白斑色的几种变体。该品种同时在英式骑马和西部骑马中使用,以其多功能性而著称。摩根马是佛蒙特州的州动物、马萨诸塞州的州马和罗得岛州的州哺乳动物。玛格丽特·亨利和艾伦·费尔德等受欢迎的儿童作家都在她们的书中描述过这一品种;亨利的《贾斯汀·摩根有匹马》(Justin Morgan Had a Horse)后来还被拍成了一部迪斯尼电影。


普氏野马(学名:Equus ferus przewalskii)是马的亚种,原产于蒙古国西部科布多盆地和中国新疆准噶尔盆地东部一带(因此也被称作蒙古野马或准噶尔野马),是世界上仅存的野马(某些不至混淆的情况下也被直接称作亚洲野马或野马)。蒙古野马于1879年由俄国探险家普尔热瓦尔斯基(俄語:Никола́й Миха́йлович Пржева́льский)首次发现,其后其野外数量不断下减,至1969年人类最后一次发现其野生个体,前后仅经历90年的时间,其保护状态也由濒危变为野外灭绝。 此后,世界各国加强了对该野马的保护措施,对部分人工饲养保留下来的马匹加以重点保护,使该物种得以延续,至20世纪90年代,一些针对该物种野外放养计划正式启动,并很快成功实现了野外繁殖。2005年,蒙古野马在世界自然保护联盟濒危物种红色名录中的保护状态已经正式被提议为由野外灭绝更改回为极危。2008年,IUCN红色名录将蒙古野马的保护级别调整为极危,2011年进一步改善为濒危。蒙古野馬是野外灭绝动物在动物园及保护区中繁殖最典型成功的例子,其保护状态的成功变更成为动物保护史上具有重要意义的里程碑。






歐洲野馬(学名:Equus ferus ferus),又名泰班野馬,是一種歐亞大陸的野馬。最後一頭野生的歐洲野馬是於1876年在烏克蘭死亡,最後一頭圈养的歐洲野馬則是在1909年死於俄羅斯動物園。另一個名字的「泰班」是其突厥語的名稱。由1930年代開始,就已經不斷有复活歐洲野馬的努力。










科罗拉多游侠(英語:Colorado Ranger)是美国科罗拉多高地平原的一种马种。这一马种是1800年代末从土耳其进口到弗吉尼亚州两匹种马的后代。然后这两匹种马,帕奇斯1号(Patches #1)和麦克斯2号(Max #2)繁殖了內布拉斯加州和科羅拉多州牧场的马。科罗拉多游侠得到了牧场主迈克·鲁比(Mike Ruby)的倡导,他于1935年创立了科罗拉多游侠马协会。


純種馬(英文:Thoroughbred)是一種為了賽馬而刻意培育出來的馬的品種。雖然廣義的“純種馬”也可以指任何同一品種交配所生的馬,但在育馬和賽馬中所稱的“純種馬”一般只指這一種在英國人工培育的馬種。 純種馬的血統誕生於17世紀至18世紀的英國,由英國當地的牝馬與阿拉伯種的種馬配種而成。四百年間經過不斷的配種人為的淘汰,使得純種馬成為最適合用於競速的品種,一匹健康的純種馬可以在背負50公斤的情況下以60~70km/h的速度奔跑數分鐘。 目前全世界每年約生產11萬頭的純種馬,主要用於賽馬以及馬術競技,世界上純種馬的主要生產國有英國、愛爾蘭、法國、美國、加拿大、澳洲、紐西蘭以及日本。 列克星敦 (肯塔基州)(英文:Lexington, Kentucky)的綽號是 "世界马首都" (英文:"Horse Captial of the World").


美国奶油马是美国土生土长且至今存在的马种。如今,这是一种罕见的马种,它的奶油色被称为“金香槟色”,由香槟色基因作用于板栗色的基本颜色,以及它琥珀色的眼睛,也是这种基因的特征; 在这个品种中发现的唯一其他颜色是板栗色。像其他几种牵引马一样,美国奶油马也面临着常染色体隐性遗传疾病表皮溶解水疱症的风险。 该品种是在爱荷华州在20世纪早期繁育,开始与奶油色母马被命名老奶奶马。大萧条威胁到了这个品种的存在,但是一些繁育者努力改进这个品种的颜色和种类,并在1944年建立了一个品种登记处。在20世纪中叶,农业机械化导致了该品种的数量减少,登记数十年来变得不活跃。它在1982年被重新激活,从那时起,种群数量缓慢增长。然而,人口数量仍然被畜牧保护协会和马类生存信托认为是至关重要的。


美洲奎特馬(American Quarter Horse)亦稱之為奎特馬(Quarter Horse),是馬品種之一。 美洲奎特馬起源於美國,是從英國品種培育出來的。奎特馬能背負各種工作,像是耕田、趕牛、駕車到騎乘等等。奎特馬常被用來進行1/4英里的賽馬,因而得名。


美洲野馬(Mustang)是家馬的一種。美洲野馬原本是西班牙人帶來的,後來逃離人類馴服並歸回原野。 最晚到大約兩萬年前,馬在北美洲徹底滅絕,南美的馬滅絕得更早。原因現在仍是謎。有人認為跟美洲印第安人過度捕獵有關。從此,在近五千六百多年的時間裡作為馬的老巢的北美洲第一次沒有了馬的存在,一直到公元十六世紀西班牙人再一次把馬帶回了美洲。


芬兰马(芬蘭語:Suomenhevonen,字面意思为“芬兰马”,昵称为:Suokki;瑞典語:Finskt kallblod,字面意思为:“芬兰冷血”)是一个兼具用作骑乘的马匹和用作干农活的马匹的影响和特性的经人工选择的马匹品种,也是一个完全在芬兰培养出来的品种。该品种在英语中名为“Finnhorse”或者“Finnish Horse”,有时也称为“Finnish Universal”,意为“芬兰通用马”,这是因为芬兰人认为此品种适用于在芬兰所有对马匹的需求,包括干农活和森林里的工作、赛马车、骑乘等。在2007年此品种被宣布为正式的芬兰国马。 芬兰马宣称是世界上最快和用途最多样性的“冷血”马匹品种之一。在芬兰,“通用马匹”用于称呼芬兰马和其它如挪威峡湾马等品种,这些品种体型相对较小、作为骑乘的马匹来说相对笨重、作为干活的马匹来说相对轻便。在芬兰马的品种登记簿中有四种分别的类型,每个类型有不同的目标:培养为更健壮的干活用的马匹、更轻便的赛马车用的马匹、通用的骑乘马匹、和一个比例上小的矮马品种。四个类型都有的特征是健壮、适用多样用途、性格温驯。这个马品种的平均高度为155厘米,最常见的颜色为栗色,常有白色斑点及亚麻色的鬃毛和尾巴。 早期芬兰马的精确来源现在不得而知。因为芬兰马这个品种及其祖先很多世纪以来就是在芬兰唯一的品种,因此在芬兰马匹的历史是和芬兰马的历史是重叠的。有据可查的明确的品种培养始于13世纪初。从很多轻便和温血品种过来的外部影响在16世纪初就有记录,从而把这个品种培养成体型更大和使用性更高。在1907年开始建立了芬兰马的官方品种登记簿,从此多年来培养出来了大量经人工选择且祖先可查的马匹。由于在20世纪下半叶农业工具化和军队骑兵的解除,芬兰马的数量从1950年代高峰期的40万匹跌至1987年时的1万4千多匹。然而由于赛马的欢迎度和作为骑乘马的灵活性,这个品种依然得到保存。


萨福克马,也称萨福克矮马,是一种原产英国的挽马品种 。该品种名称的前半部分来源于东安格利亚的萨福克郡,后半部分源自其强壮的体型。 萨福克马为重型挽马,一般通体呈栗色。 萨福克马品种出现于16世纪早期,至今,其体型和类型特点得到了很好的延续,是英国最为古老和纯正的重型马品种之一。萨福克矮马主要被用于农田中的工作,同时也作为货车和其他交通工具的挽马,并在20世纪初得到普及。 然而,随着农业机械化程度的提高,萨福克矮马的使用意义减小。特别是从20世纪中叶开始,几乎完全消失。 该品种由于其生存繁衍状况被英国稀有品种生存信托和美国牲畜品种保护列为关键物种,种群数量有所提高。在育种领域,萨福克矮马被出口到其他国家,用来改良作为狩猎或障碍赛之用的运动马匹。现在,主要被用作森林作业和商业广告。


蒙古馬是蒙古高原的一種古老馬種,早在五千多年前,匈奴人已馴養蒙古馬作為戰馬,後來蒙古成吉思汗的蒙古騎兵也騎著蒙古馬遠征歐洲,滿清八旗的騎兵也以蒙古馬征服明朝。 蒙古馬也作為其他馬種的原型,例如:三河馬






阿帕卢萨马(Appaloosa)是一种美国马的品种,最出名的是它丰富多彩的斑点皮毛。该品种的身体类型广泛,这源于其整个历史上有多个品种的马对其产生过影响。每匹马的色彩图案,从遗传角度来讲,是各种斑点图案覆盖在一种公认的基本皮毛颜色上的结果。阿帕卢萨马的色彩图案吸引了那些研究马皮颜色基因的人,因为它与其它几项身体特性都与斑点皮毛突变(LP)有关联。阿帕卢萨马易发马周期性葡萄膜炎和先天性静止夜盲症;后者已经关联到斑点皮毛。 在欧洲的史前石洞壁画中,存在着描绘豹斑史前马的艺术品。在近世,古希腊和中国汉朝的艺术作品中,都出现了带豹斑图案的驯养马的画。在北美,内兹珀斯人在今美国太平洋西北地区开发了原始的美洲品种。定居者曾将这些斑点马称为“帕卢斯马”(Palouse horse),该名应该是来源于帕卢斯河,一条穿过内兹珀斯领地心脏地带的河。逐渐地,名字演变成了“阿帕卢萨”。 在1877年的内兹珀斯战争之后,内兹珀斯人丧失了他们大多数的马,该品种陷入衰退几十年。在1938年成立阿帕卢萨马俱乐部(ApHC)作品种注册之前,只有少数专门饲养者保留了阿帕卢萨马,作为一个独特的品种。现代品种保持的血统可以追溯到注册的基础血库;其部分开放的标准允许加入一些纯种马、美洲奎特马和阿拉伯马血统。 今天,阿帕卢萨马是美国最受欢迎的品种之一;它在1975年被爱达荷州定为官方的州马。它是用于西部骑马学科中最著名的血库马,但也是一个多用途品种,在许多其它类型的马术活动中都可以看到。阿帕卢萨马被用于许多电影中;佛罗里达州立大学塞米诺尔队的吉祥物是一匹阿帕卢萨马。阿帕卢萨马的血统影响了其它马种,包括美洲小马、内兹珀斯马和几种步态马品种。








類烏齊馬是家马的一个地方品种,原本只在西藏當地的洞穴壁畫中發現,但在1993年由法國探險家米歇爾·佩塞爾(Michel Peissel)於西藏東北部的類烏齊縣發現,生態習性仍是個謎。類烏齊馬外表是暗褐色,體型略矮。它在1995年引起了國際關注,當時它的原始外觀和小尺寸引起了人們的猜測,認為它可能是史前野馬與現代家馬之間的進化聯繫。然而,後來的分析表明它與現代馬在基因上沒有區別。

驴(学名:Equus africanus asinus)是常见的马科马属家畜,是非洲野驴被人类驯化所形成的亚种,和马体形相似,但耳朵长,尾巴有尾柄,类似牛尾巴。



骡子(学名:Equus ferus × asinus)是马和驴的杂交种。严格地说,在中文裡母马和公驴的後代称为马骡(“驘,驢父馬母者也”《說文解字注》。“骡”是“驘”/“䯁”的俗字);母驴和公马的後代称为驴骡。因母马和公驴的基因更容易结合,故而大部分骡都是馬骡。