Overview of all dog breeds

The database of our Dog Scanner app provides useful and interesting information about 580 individual dog breeds. You can even use the app to automatically determine the breed of your dog. We're supporting all official FCI breeds as well as some more.


The Affenpinscher , also known as the Monkey Terrier, is a terrier-like toy Pinscher breed of dog.

Afghan Shepherd

The Kuchi (or Afghan, Pashtun call them "Ghiljak" or "Kucchi") Shepherd is an Afghan livestock guardian dog, taking its name from the Kuchi people of Afghanistan.


The Africanis is a dog breed developed from a landrace of dogs that occur across southern Africa.


The Aidi (from Tamazight ⴰⵢⴷⵉ, aydi, "dog") is a Berber dog breed used as a livestock guardian, protecting herds of sheep and goats.

Alano Español

The Alano Español or Spanish Alano is a Spanish breed of large dog of molossoid type.

Alaskan Klee Kai

The Alaskan Klee Kai is a spitz-type breed of dog, developed in the late 20th century as a companion-sized dog resembling the larger Alaskan Husky.


The Alaunt is an extinct breed of dog, with the original breed having existed in North Caucasus, Central Asia and Europe from ancient times until the 17th century.


The Alopekis (Greek: Αλωπεκίς) is a small, foxlike dog from Greece with pricked ears, a sickle-shaped tail, and a smooth short coat.The dog is found in the Serres region of Greece and dates before 1922.

Alpine Dachsbracke

The Alpine Dachsbracke (ger.Alpenländische Dachsbracke) is a small breed of dog of the scent hound type originating in Austria.

Alpine Mastiff

The Alpine Mastiff is an extinct Molosser dog breed, Although they have the same origin as Saint Bernard but they are still two totally different breeds.

Alpine Spaniel

The Alpine Spaniel is an extinct breed of dog which was used in mountain rescues by the Augustinian Canons, who run hospices in the region around the Great St.

American Akita

The Akita (秋田犬, Akita-inu, Japanese pronunciation: [akʲita.inɯ]) is a large breed of dog originating from the mountainous regions of northern Japan.

American Bulldog

The American Bulldog is a large breed of utility dog descended from the now-extinct Old English Bulldog.

American Bully

The American Bully is a recently formed companion dog breed, originally recognized by the American Bully Kennel Club (ABKC).

American English Coonhound

The English Coonhound, also referred to as the American English Coonhound (by the American Kennel Club only) or the Redtick Coonhound, is a breed of coonhound that originated in and is typically bred in the Southern United States.

American Foxhound

The American Foxhound is a breed of dog that is a cousin of the English Foxhound.

American Hairless Terrier

The American Hairless Terrier is a breed of feist from the United States that was derived from the Rat Terrier.

American Staffordshire Terrier

The American Staffordshire Terrier, also known as the AmStaff or American Staffy is a medium-sized, short-coated American dog breed.The height of an American Staffordshire Terrier is 17-19 inches tall and weighs between 40-70 pounds.

American Water Spaniel

The American Water Spaniel, (often abbreviated to AWS), is a breed of spaniel which originated in the United States.

Anatolian Shepherd Dog

The Anatolian Shepherd or Kangal Shepherd Dog (Anadolu çoban köpeği) is a livestock guardian dog breed that originated in the peninsula of Anatolia, which today forms a large portion of Turkey.

Andalusian Hound

The Andalusian Hound (Spanish: Podenco andaluz) is a dog breed originating in Spain, especially Andalusia.

Anglo-Français de Petite Vénerie

The Anglo-Français de Petite Vénerie is a medium-sized breed of dog used in hunting as a scenthound, usually in packs.

Appenzeller Sennenhund

The Appenzeller Sennenhund is a medium-size breed of dog, one of the four regional breeds of Sennenhund-type dogs from the Swiss Alps.

Argentine Polar Dog

The Argentine Polar Dog (Spanish: perro polar argentino) was an Argentinian breed of dog that is now extinct.


The Ariegeois is a breed of dog from the département of Ariège in the Midi-Pyrenées region of southern France.


The Armant (also known as Egyptian Sheepdog or Ermenti) is a breed of herding dog from Egypt.

Armenian Gampr Dog

Armenian Gampr (Armenian: գամփռ gamp’ṙ) is a landrace breed native to the Armenian Highlands.

Artois Hound

The Artois Hound is a rare breed of dog, and a descendant of the Bloodhound.


Askal (asong kalye), also called aspin, is the Filipino language name for mongrel indigenous street dogs in the Philippines.

Australian Cattle Dog

The Australian Cattle Dog (ACD), or simply Cattle Dog, is a breed of herding dog originally developed in Australia for droving cattle over long distances across rough terrain.

Australian Kelpie

The Australian Kelpie, or simply Kelpie, is an Australian sheep dog successful at mustering and droving with little or no guidance.

Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog

The Heeler is a naturally bobtailed or tailless, medium-sized cattle dog similar and/or related to the Australian Cattle Dog (aka, "Queensland Heeler").

Australian Terrier

The Australian Terrier is a small breed of dog of the terrier dog type.

Austrian Black and Tan Hound

The Austrian Black and Tan Hound is a breed of dog originating in Austria.

Austrian Pinscher

The Austrian Pinscher (Österreichischer Pinscher, FCI No. 64) is a medium-sized breed of pinscher-type dog from Austria, where dogs of the type were originally farm dogs, keeping barns free of rats and acting as home guards, livestock guardians, and drovers.

Bakharwal Dog

The Bakharwal dog is found in northern India.

Barbado da Terceira

The Barbado da Terceira is Portuguese breed of herding and guard dog from the Atlantic island of Terceira in the Azores, for which it is named.


The Barbet is a breed of dog; it is a medium-sized French water dog.


The Basenji is a breed of hunting dog.

Basque Shepherd Dog

The Basque Shepherd Dog is a landrace breed of dog originating in the Basque Country and traditionally used by the local shepherds to help them take care of their cattle and sheep.

Basset Artésien Normand

The Basset Artésien Normand (Norman Artesian Basset) is a short legged hound type dog developed in France.

Basset Bleu de Gascogne

The Basset Bleu de Gascogne (French pronunciation: ​[bɑsɛ blø də ɡasˈkɔɲ]), also known as the Blue Gascony Basset, is a long-backed, short legged breed of dog of the hound type.

Basset Fauve de Bretagne

The Basset Fauve de Bretagne is a short-legged hunting breed of dog of the scent hound type, originally from Brittany, a historical kingdom of France.

Bavarian Mountain Hound

The Bavarian Mountain Hound (German = "Bayerischer Gebirgsschweißhund") is a breed of dog from Germany.


The Beagle-Harrier is a scenthound.


Cross of a Beagle and a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel; first deliberately bred in the 1990s by designer dog breeders in Australia as a companion dog with the aim of reducing the scent-hunting drive common in Beagles.

Bearded Collie

The Bearded Collie, or Beardie, is a herding breed of dog once used primarily by Scottish shepherds, but now mostly a popular family companion.


The Beauceron is a herding dog breed originating from the plains of Central France.

Bedlington Terrier

The Bedlington Terrier is a breed of small dog named after the mining town of Bedlington, Northumberland in North East England.

Belgian Shepherd Dog (Groenendael)

The Groenendael (in English, approximately ) is a variety of dog that is included in the Belgian Shepherd breed, but sometimes treated as a distinct breed.

Belgian Shepherd Dog (Laekenois)

The Laekenois is a breed of dog, sometimes classified as a variety of the Belgian Shepherd rather than as a separate breed. "Laekenois" is pronounced LAK-en-wah.

Belgian Shepherd Dog (Tervuren)

The Tervuren (, sometimes spelled Tervueren), is a breed of dog named after a town in Belgium.

Bergamasco Shepherd

The Bergamasco Shepherd (Italian pastore bergamasco) is a breed of dog with its origins in the Italian Alps near Bergamo, where it was originally used as a herding dog.

Berger Blanc Suisse

The White Swiss Shepherd Dog (French: Berger Blanc Suisse, German: Weisser Schweizer Schäferhund, Italian: Pastore Svizzero Bianco) is a breed of dog from Switzerland.

Berger Picard

The Berger Picard ( /bɛrˈʒeɪ pɪˈkar/) or Picardy Shepherd is a French herding dog originating in Picardy.

Bernese Mountain Dog

The Bernese Mountain Dog (German: Berner Sennenhund) is a large-sized breed of dog, one of the four breeds of Sennenhund-type dogs from the Swiss Alps.


The Billy is a large scenthound originating from central western France.

Black Mouth Cur

The Black Mouth Cur is a hunting and cattle dog that has its origins in Southern United States.

Black Norwegian Elkhound

The Black Norwegian Elkhound (Norsk Elghund Svart) is a modern variant of the Grey Norwegian Elkhound.

Black Russian Terrier

The Black Russian Terrier (abbreviated as BRT, Russian: Русский чёрный терьер), also known as the Chornyi Terrier (chornyi being Russian for black) is a breed of dog created in USSR in Red Star (Krasnaya Zvezda) Kennel during the late 1940s and the early 1950s for use as military/working dogs.

Black and Tan Coonhound

The Black and Tan Coonhound is a breed of hunting dog.

Black and Tan Virginia Foxhound

The Black And Tan Virginia Foxhound is an American dog breed not recognized by any kennel club.

Blue Lacy

The Lacy Dog or Blue Lacy Dog is a breed of working dog that originated in Texas in the mid-19th century.

Blue Paul Terrier

The Blue Paul Terrier, also known as the Blue Poll, was a breed of dog that originated in Scotland, which is now extinct.

Bluetick Coonhound

The Bluetick Coonhound is a breed of Coonhound originating in the United States.


The Boerboel [ˈbuːrbul], is a large, mastiff-type dog from South Africa with a black mask and a short coat.

Bohemian Shepherd

The Bohemian Shepherd is a breed of dog also known as the Chodský pes or the Chodenhund.


The Bolognese (pronounced [boloɲˈɲeːze]) is a small dog breed of the bichon type, originating in Italy.

Bolonka Franzuska

Bolonka Zwetna

A bichon is a distinct type of toy dog; it is typically kept as a companion dog.

Bosnian Coarse-Haired Hound

The Barak or Bosnian Broken-haired Hound (Bosnian: Bosanski oštrodlaki gonič), is a hunting dog breed developed in Bosnia.

Bouvier Des Ardennes

Bouvier des Ardennes is a rare dog breed from Belgium.

Bouvier Des Flandres

The Bouvier des Flandres is a herding dog breed originating in Flanders, Belgium.

Boykin Spaniel

The Boykin Spaniel is a medium-sized breed of dog, a Spaniel bred for hunting wild turkeys and ducks in the Wateree River Swamp of South Carolina, in the United States.

Bracco Italiano

The Bracco Italiano [ˈbrakko itaˈljaːno] is an Italian breed of pointing dog.

Braque Du Bourbonnais

The Braque du Bourbonnais is a breed of gundog, of rustic appearance, sometimes born with a short tail, with a coat ticked with liver or fawn.

Braque Du Puy

The Braque Dupuy, also known as the Dupuy Pointer, was a breed of pointer from the Poitou region of France.The Braque Dupuy is more closely related to the English Pointer than it is to the other French braque breeds; its foundation stock was extensively outcrossed to the English Pointer and some believe there were minor introductions of Greyhound and Sloughi bloodlines, giving the breed additional pace.

Braque Francais (Gascogne)

The French Braque, type Gascogne is a breed of dog of French origin.

Braque Francais (Pyrenees)

The French Pyrenean type braque is a breed of dog of French origin.

Braque Saint-Germain

The Braque Saint-Germain (FCI No. 115) (translated into English as the St.Germain Pointing Dog) is a medium-large breed of dog, a versatile hunter used for hunting as a gun dog and pointer as well as for hunting other small game.

Braque d'Auvergne

The Braque d'Auvergne is a breed of dog originating in the mountain area of Cantal, in the historic Auvergne province in the mid-south of France.

Braque de l'Ariege

The Braque de l'Ariège is a French breed of hunting dog of pointer type.

Brazilian Dogo

Brazilian Dogo (Portuguese: Dogue Brasileiro), also called Brazilian Dogge, is a Molosser-type working dog breed originating in Brazil.


The Briard is an ancient breed of large herding dog, originally from France.

Briquet Griffon Vendéen

A Briquet Griffon Vendéen is a breed of hunting dog originating in France.


The Brittany is a breed of gun dog bred primarily for bird hunting.


The Broholmer, also called the Danish Mastiff, is a large Molosser breed of dog from Denmark, recognized by the Danish Kennel Club and the Fédération Cynologique Internationale.

Bruno Jura Hound

The Bruno Jura Hound is a breed of scent hound from the Jura Mountains on the French-Swiss border.

Bucovina Shepherd Dog

The Bucovina Shepherd Dog (Câine Ciobănesc de Bucovina) is one of the largest and most powerful rustic livestock guardian dogs and has strong guard dog qualities.

Bull and Terrier

The bull and terrier (often hyphenated as bull-and-terrier) is an extinct type of dog.


The Bullenbeisser, also known as the German Bulldog, is an extinct breed of dog known for its strength and agility.

Bully Kutta

The Bully Kutta is a type of large dog that originated in the Indian subcontinent, dating back to the 16th century.

Burgos Pointer

The Burgos Pointer (Spanish: Perdiguero de Burgos), also called the Burgalese Pointer, is a breed of dog native to Spain.

Campeiro Bulldog

The Campeiro Bulldog (Portuguese: Buldogue campeiro, Portuguese pronunciation: [buwˈdɔg ˌkãˈpeiɾʊ]) is a dog breed developed in southern Brazil.

Cane Corso

The Cane Corso (pronounced [ˈkaːne ˈkɔrso]) is an Italian breed of mastiff.

Cantabrian Water Dog

The Cantabrian Water Dog (Spanish: perro de agua cantábrico) is a landrace breed of dog developed in the coast of Cantabria, northern Spain, as an assistant to fishermen.

Carolina Dog

The Carolina dog, also known as a yellow dog, yaller dog, American Dingo, or Dixie Dingo, is a breed of medium-sized, feral dog that lives mostly in the Southeastern United States, especially in isolated stretches of longleaf pines and cypress swamps.

Carpathian Shepherd Dog

The Carpathian Shepherd Dog (Ciobănesc Românesc Carpatin) is a large breed of sheep dogs that originated in the Carpathian Mountains of Romania.

Catahoula Bulldog

The Catahoula Leopard Dog is an American dog breed named after Catahoula Parish, Louisiana.

Catalan Sheepdog

The Catalan sheepdog (Catalan: Gos d'atura català, Spanish: Pastor catalán) is a breed of Catalan Pyrenean dog used as a sheepdog.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a small breed of spaniel classed in the toy group of The Kennel Club and the American Kennel Club, that originated in the United Kingdom.

Central Asian Shepherd Dog

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog (Russian: Среднеазиатская овчарка; Алабай, romanized: Sredneazïatskaya ovčarka; Alabay) is an ancient livestock guardian dog breed.

Cesky Fousek

The Český Fousek is a Czech breed of versatile gun dog.

Cesky Terrier

The Cesky Terrier ( CHES-kee; Czech: Český teriér, lit. 'Bohemian Terrier' or 'Czech Terrier') is a small terrier type dog originating in Czechoslovakia.

Chien Français Blanc et Noir

The Chien Français Blanc et Noir (FCI No.220) translated into English as the French White and Black Hound, is a breed of dog of the scenthound type, originating in France.

Chien Français Blanc et Orange

The Chien Français Blanc et Orange (FCI No.316) is a breed of dog of the scenthound type, originating in France.

Chien Français Tricolore

The Chien Français Tricolore (FCI No.219) translated into English as the French Tricolour Hound, is a breed of dog of the scenthound type, originating in France.


The Chien-gris a.k.a.

Chilean Terrier

The Chilean Terrier is the first breed of dog from Chile.

Chinese Crested Dog

The Chinese Crested Dog is a hairless breed of dog.

Chinese Imperial Dog

The Chinese Imperial Dog is a Toy dog breed with a wrinkly, short-muzzled face, and curled tail.


The Chippiparai is a breed of sighthound from Tamil Nadu in southern India.

Chiribaya Dog

The Chiribaya Dog (Spanish: perro Chiribaya) or Peruvian Shepherd Dog (perro pastor Peruano) is an extinct pre-Columbian breed of dog from the southwest of Peru.

Cierny Sery

The Cierny Sery has a thin, double, coat that was designed to not inhibit the dog's working ability in any way.

Cimarrón Uruguayo

The Cimarrón Uruguayo (Uruguayan Cimarrón) is a breed of molosser-type dog originating in Uruguay.

Cirneco Dell'Etna

The Cirneco dell'Etna is an Italian breed of hunting dog from the Mediterranean island of Sicily.

Clumber Spaniel

The Clumber Spaniel is a breed of dog of the spaniel type, developed in the United Kingdom.


A Cockapoo is a dog crossbreed bred from a Cocker Spaniel and a Poodle, most commonly the Miniature Poodle.

Collie, Rough

The Rough Collie (also known as the Long-Haired Collie) is a long-coated dog breed of medium to large size that, in its original form, was a type of collie used and bred for herding sheep in Scotland.

Collie, Smooth

The Smooth Collie is a breed of dog developed originally for herding.


The Combai, also known as the Indian Terrier, is a dog breed found in the foothills of Western Ghats of South India.

Cordoba Fighting Dog

The Cordoba Fighting Dog is an extinct breed of fighting dog.

Coton de Tulear

The Coton de Tuléar is a breed of small dog named for the city of Tuléar (also known as Toliara) in Madagascar.

Cretan Hound

The Kritikos Lagonikos (Cretan Hound) (Greek:Kρητικός Λαγωνικός) is a hunting breed of dog from the island of Crete, in Greece.

Croatian Sheepdog

The Croatian Sheepdog is a dog breed from Croatia.

Cumberland Sheepdog

The Cumberland sheepdog is an extinct dog breed related to the border collie and other old working collie types.

Curly-Coated Retriever

The Curly-coated Retriever (not always hyphenated, and often called the Curly for short) is a breed of dog originally bred in England for upland bird and waterfowl hunting.


The Corsican Dog (chien corse) or Cursinu, is a breed of dog originating from Corsica.

Czechoslovakian Wolfdog

The Czechoslovak Wolfdog (Czech: Československý vlčák, Slovak: Československý vlčiak, German: Tschechoslowakischer Wolfhund) is a relatively new dog breed of wolfdog that traces its original lineage to an experiment conducted in 1955 in Czechoslovakia.

Cão Fila de São Miguel

The Saint Miguel Cattle Dog (Portuguese: cão fila de São Miguel [ˈkɐ̃w̃ ˈfilɐ dɨ ˈsɐ̃w̃ miˈɡɛɫ], literally 'catch dog of São Miguel') is a dog breed of molosser type originating on São Miguel Island in the Azores, an island chain which is one of the autonomous regions of Portugal.

Cão da Serra de Aires

The Portuguese Sheepdog (Portuguese: cão da Serra de Aires, literally 'dog of Serra de Aires') is a medium-sized breed of dog of the herding dog type, and is one of the indigenous regional dogs of Portugal.

Cão de Castro Laboreiro

The Castro Laboreiro Dog (Portuguese: cão de Castro Laboreiro, 'dog of Castro Laboreiro'), also known as the Portuguese cattle dog or Portuguese watchdog, is an "extremely ancient" dog breed of the livestock guardian type, originating from Castro Laboreiro in the northern mountains of Portugal.

Cão de Gado Transmontano

The Cão de Gado Transmontano or Transmontano Mastiff is a breed of livestock guardian dog from Portugal.

Dalbo Dog

The Dalbo dog (Dalbohund) or Dalsland Mastiff is an extinct livestock guardian dog breed of the molosser type, originally from Sweden.

Dandie Dinmont Terrier

A Dandie Dinmont Terrier is a small Scottish dog breed in the terrier family.

Danish-Swedish Farmdog

Danish–Swedish farmdog (Swedish: Dansk-svensk gårdshund, Danish: Dansk/svensk gårdhund) is a breed of dog that has its origin in Denmark and southern Sweden, but has become popular all over Scandinavia.

Deutsche Bracke

The German Hound (Deutsche Bracke) is a breed of dog originating in Westphalia, a region of Germany.

Dogo Cubano

Dogo cubano, Cuban dogge, Cuban bloodhound and Cuban mastiff are names for an extinct landrace or breed of domestic dogs from Cuba.

Dogue de Bordeaux

The Dogue de Bordeaux, Bordeaux Mastiff, French Mastiff or Bordeauxdog is a large French mastiff breed—and one of the oldest French dog breeds.

Drentse Patrijshond

The Drentsche Patrijshond is a versatile spaniel-type hunting dog from the Dutch province of Drenthe.


The Drever is a breed of dog, a short-legged scenthound from Sweden used for hunting deer and other game.


A Dunker, also known as the Norwegian Hound, is a medium-sized breed of dog from Norway.

Dutch Shepherd

The Dutch Shepherd is a herding dog of Dutch origin.

Dutch Smoushond

The Dutch Smoushond (Hollandse Smoushond, Dutch Ratter) is a small breed of dog, related to the Pinscher and Schnauzer breed type kept in stables to eliminate rats and mice in Germany and the Netherlands.

East European Shepherd

The East European Shepherd, also called Vostochno Evropeiskaya Ovcharka or VEO (Russian: Восточно-европейская овчарка or ВЕО) is a Russian breed of shepherd dog.

East Siberian Laika

The East Siberian Laika (Vostotchno-Sibirskaia Laika) is a Russian breed of dog of spitz type, a hunting dog originating in parts of Siberia east of the Yenisei River.


The Elo is a German dog breed not recognized by the FCI.

English Foxhound

The English Foxhound is one of the four foxhound breeds of dog.

English Setter

The English Setter is a medium-size breed of dog.

English Shepherd

The English Shepherd is a breed of herding dog from the United States, it is descended from various collies brought to the New World by British settlers.

English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan)

The English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) is a small breed of terrier in the toy dog group.

English Water Spaniel

The English Water Spaniel is a breed of dog that has been extinct since the first part of the 20th century, with the last specimen seen in the 1930s.

English White Terrier

The English White Terrier (also known as the White English Terrier) is an extinct breed of dog.

Entlebucher Mountain Dog

The Entlebucher Sennenhund or Entlebucher Mountain Dog is a medium-sized herding dog, it is the smallest of the four regional breeds that constitute the Sennenhund dog type.

Estonian Hound

The Estonian Hound (Estonian: eesti hagijas) is a scent hound-like breed which is the only dog breed developed in Estonia.


The Eurasier, or Eurasian dog, is a breed of dog of the spitz type that originated in Germany.


A Eurohound (also known as a Eurodog or Scandinavian hound) is a type of dog bred for sled dog racing.

Field Spaniel

The Field Spaniel is a medium-sized dog breed of spaniel type.

Fila Brasileiro

The Fila Brasileiro (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈfilɐ ˌbraziˈlejɾu]), or Brazilian Mastiff, is a large working breed of dog developed in Brazil.

Finnish Hound

The Finnish Hound (suomenajokoira, Finnish Bracke) is a breed of dog originally bred for hunting hare and fox.

Finnish Lapphund

The Finnish Lapphund (or Finnish Lapponian Dog) is a hardy, easy going, medium-size breed of Spitz type.

Flat-Coated Retriever

The Flat-coated Retriever is a gundog breed originating from England.

Fox Terrier, Smooth

The Smooth Fox Terrier is a breed of dog, one of many terrier breeds.

Fox Terrier, Wire

The Wire Fox Terrier (also known as Wire Hair Fox Terrier or Wirehaired Terrier) is a breed of dog, one of many terrier breeds.

French Spaniel

The French Spaniel (Epagneul Français) is a breed of dog of the Spaniel-like setter.

Gaddi Kutta

The Bhotia, also known as the Himalayan sheepdog or the Himalayan mastiff, is a breed of livestock guardian dog from India and Nepal.

Galgo Español

The Galgo Español (Spanish galgo) or Spanish sighthound is an ancient breed of dog, specifically a member of the sighthound family.

Galician Shepherd Dog

The Can de Palleiro is a traditional Spanish breed of shepherd dog from the autonomous province of Galicia in north-western Spain.

Garafian Shepherd

The Pastor garafiano (English for: Garafian Shepherd) is a breed of dog native to La Palma, Canary Islands.

Gascon Saintongeois

This page is about the breed of dog.

Georgian Shepherd

The Georgian Shepherd (Georgian: ქართული მთის ძაღლი) also known as Georgian Mountain Dog is a molosser-type livestock guardian breed of dog with ancient working origins in the Georgia Caucasus.There are two kinds of Georgian livestock guardian dogs: the short haired "Lion" type, typically pure white or white with dark patches on its coat and the long hair "Bear" type are typically dark brown to black head and lighter brown covering the rest of the coat.

German Longhaired Pointer

The German Longhaired Pointer (GLP) is a breed of dog.

German Pinscher

The German Pinscher (original name Deutscher Pinscher, FCI No. 184) is a medium-sized breed of dog, a Pinscher type that originated in Germany.

German Roughhaired Pointer

The German Roughhaired Pointer (Deutsch Stichelhaar) is a versatile hunting dog that originated in Frankfurt, Germany.

German Shorthaired Pointer

The German Shorthaired Pointer (GSP) is a medium to large sized breed of dog developed in the 19th century in Germany for hunting.

German Spaniel

The German Spaniel, also known as the Deutscher Wachtelhund (German quail dog), is a breed of dog that was developed in Germany around 1890, and is used as a hunting dog.

German Spitz

German Spitz (or German spitz, plural spitzes or, borrowing from German, Spitze) is used to refer to both a standardized breed of dog (usually capitalized) in some kennel clubs, and a category or type of dog comprising several separate breeds.

German Wirehaired Pointer

The German Wirehaired Pointer is a medium to large-sized griffon type breed of dog developed in the 19th century in Germany for hunting.

Giant Schnauzer

The Giant Schnauzer is a breed of dog developed in the 17th century in Germany.


A Goldendoodle is a dog crossbreed bred from a Golden Retriever and a Poodle, their name is a portmanteau of Golden Retriever and Labradoodle.

Gordon Setter

The Gordon Setter is a large breed of dog, a member of the setter family that also includes both the better-known Irish Setter and the English Setter.

Gran Mastín de Borínquen

The Gran Mastín de Borinquen, also known as the Puerto Rican Mastiff, Mastín Borincano, Becerillo de Borinquen and Perro Barsino de Hacienda, is the only breed native to the island of Puerto Rico.

Grand Anglo-Français Blanc et Noir

The Grand Anglo-Français Blanc et Noir (FCI No.323) translated into English as the Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound, is a breed of dog used in hunting as a scenthound, usually in packs.

Grand Anglo-Français Blanc et Orange

The Grand Anglo-Français Blanc et Orange (FCI No.324) translated into English as the Great Anglo-French White and Orange Hound, is a breed of dog used in hunting as a scenthound, usually in packs.

Grand Anglo-Français Tricolore

The Grand Anglo-Francais Tricolore is a breed of dog used in hunting as a scenthound, usually in packs.

Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen

The Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen or GBGV is a dog breed from France.

Grand Bleu de Gascogne

The Grand Bleu de Gascogne (FCI No.22) is a breed of dog of the scenthound type, originating in France and used for hunting in packs.

Grand Griffon Vendéen

A Grand Griffon Vendéen is a breed of hunting dog originating in France.

Great Plains Wolf

The Great Plains wolf (Canis lupus nubilus), also known as the buffalo wolf or loafer, is a severely endangered subspecies of gray wolf with a distribution that once extended throughout the Great Plains from southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan southward to northern Texas.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog (German: Grosser Schweizer Sennenhund or French: Grand Bouvier Suisse) is a dog breed which was developed in the Swiss Alps.

Greek Shepherd

The Greek Shepherd or Greek Sheepdog (Greek: Ελληνικός Ποιμενικός, Ellinikós Pimenikós) is a Greek livestock guardian dog that has been bred for centuries for guarding livestock in the mountainous regions of the country.

Grey Norwegian Elkhound

The Norwegian Elkhound is one of the Northern Spitz-type breed of dog and is the National Dog of Norway.

Griffon Belge

The Griffon Belge is an FCI recognized dog breed from Belgium (Group 9, Section 3, Standard No. 81).

Griffon Bleu de Gascogne

The Griffon Bleu de Gascogne (FCI No.32) Is a breed of dog of the scenthound type, originating in France, and is a versatile hunting dog, used on small and large game, in packs or individually.

Griffon Bruxellois

The Griffon Bruxellois is a dog breed from Belgium recognized by the FCI (FCI Group 9, Section 3, Standard No. 80).

Griffon Fauve de Bretagne

The Griffon Fauve de Bretagne (FCI No.66) translated into English as the Fawn Brittany Griffon, is a breed of dog of the scenthound type, originating in France in the region of Brittany.

Griffon Nivernais

The Griffon Nivernais (FCI No.17) is a breed of dog of the scenthound type, originating in France, and is a versatile hunting dog, used on small and large game, in packs or individually.

Guatemalan Dogo

Guatemalan Dogo (Dogo Guatemalteco), formerly known as the Guatemalan Bull Terrier (Bullterrier Guatemalteco) and the Guatemalan Mastiff, is a Molosser-type dog breed originating in Guatemala.

Gull Dong

The Gull Dong is a dog breed of India and Pakistan that is often used in dog fighting, hunting, and guarding.

Gull Terr

The Gull Terrier (also known as the Gull Terr) is a rare breed of dog that originates from the Punjab region of Pakistan and India; it is believed to be several hundred years old.

Gull Terrier

The Gull Terrier (also known as the Gull Terr) is a rare breed of dog that originates from the Punjab region of Pakistan and India; it is believed to be several hundred years old.

Halden Hound

The Halden Hound (Norwegian: Haldenstøver), is a medium-sized Norwegian dog breed of the hound class, used for hunting hares and other plains quarry.

Halls Heeler

The Halls Heeler was a dog bred by Thomas Simpson Hall to herd cattle on the Hall family's extensive properties in northwestern New South Wales in the 19th century.


The Hamiltonstövare is a breed of dog, bred as a hunting hound.

Hanover Hound

The Hanover Hound is a breed of dog sometimes referred to as a Hanoverian Hound.

Hare Indian Dog

The Hare Indian dog is an extinct domesticated canine; possibly a breed of domestic dog, coydog, or domesticated coyote; formerly found and originally bred in northern Canada by the Hare Indians for coursing.


The Harrier is a medium-sized dog breed of the hound class, used for hunting hares by trailing them.


Havanese (a bichon type dog) is the national dog of Cuba, developed from the now extinct Blanquito de la Habana ("little white dog of Havana").

Hawaiian Poi Dog

The Hawaiian Poi Dog (Hawaiian: ʻīlio or ʻīlio mākuʻe) is an extinct breed of pariah dog from Hawaiʻi which was used by Native Hawaiians as a spiritual protector of children and as a source of food.

Hortaya Borzaya

The Hortaya borzaya (Russian: Хо́ртая Борза́я, IPA: [ˈxortəjə bɐrˈzajə], Ruthenian and Ukrainian: Xopт, Lithuanian: Kurtas, shorthaired sighthound) is an old Asian sighthound breed originating in the former Kievan Rus, later Grand Duchy of Lithuania (later Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth) and Russian Empire.


The Hovawart is a medium to large size German dog-breed.


The Huntaway (also known as the New Zealand Huntaway) is a large, strongly-built breed of dog used for general sheep-herding tasks in New Zealand, where they originate.

Hygen Hound

A Hygen Hound (Hygenhund) is a Norwegian breed of dog from the hound group, created in the 19th century by Norwegian breeder Hygen from various other hound breeds.

Ibizan Hound

The Ibizan Hound (Spanish: podenco ibicenco, Catalan: ca eivissenc) is a lean, agile dog of the hound family.

Icelandic Sheepdog

The Icelandic Sheepdog is a breed of dog of spitz type originating from the dogs brought to Iceland by the Vikings.

Illyrian Shepherd

Illyrian Shepherd (Sheepdog) was a dog breed, predecessor of two modern breeds: - Šarplaninac, a dog breed of the livestock guardian type named after the Šar Mountains - Karst Shepherd, a breed of dog of the livestock guardian type, originating in Slovenia

Indian Spitz

The Indian Spitz is a spitz-type dog breed belonging to the utility group.

Irish Red and White Setter

The Irish Red and White Setter (Irish: An Sotar Rua agus Bán) is a breed of dog.

Irish Setter

The Irish Setter (Irish: sotar rua, literally "red setter") is a setter, a breed of gundog, and family dog.

Irish Water Spaniel

The Irish Water Spaniel (Irish: An Spáinnéar Uisce) is a breed of dog that is the largest and one of the oldest of spaniels.

Istrian Coarse-Haired Hound

The Istrian Coarse-haired Hound (Croatian: istarski oštrodlaki gonič, Slovene: istrski ostrodlaki gonič) is a dog breed from Croatia, developed in the mid-19th century for hunting fox and rabbit.

Istrian Short-Haired Hound

The Istrian Short-haired Hound (FCI No. 151, original name is Istarski Kratkodlaki Gonič) is a breed of dog from Istria in Croatia, descended from a very old type of scenthound.

Italian Greyhound

The Italian Greyhound (Italian: Piccolo levriero Italiano) is an Italian breed of small sighthound.


The Jagdterrier ( YAHK-terr-i-ər) (English: Hunting Terrier) is a type of working terrier, originating in Germany, that is used for hunting quarry both above and underground.

Japanese Terrier

The Japanese Terrier (日本テリア, Nihon Teria) is a small terrier native to Japan.


The Jonangi, also known as Jonangi Jagilam or Kolleti Jagilam is an Indian dog breed, majorly found in separated state of Andhra Pradesh and also in some parts of Karnataka and all along the east coast from West Bengal to Tamil Nadu.


Cross of a Jack Russell Terrier and a Pug.

Kaikadi Dog

The Kaikadi is of the terrier dog breed, named after a nomadic tribe in Maharashtra, India.


The Kanni (கன்னி), meaning pure, (also known as the Maiden's Beastmaster) is a rare indigenous South Indian sighthound breed of dog found in the state of Tamil Nadu.

Karakachan Dog

The Karakachan dog, is a breed that originated in Bulgaria.

Karelian Bear Dog

The Karelian Bear Dog (Karjalankarhukoira) is a Finnish breed of dog.

Karst Shepherd

The Karst Shepherd (Slovene: kraški ovčar listen or kraševec listen ) is a breed of dog of the livestock guardian type, originating in Slovenia.


The Keeshond ( KAYSS-hond, plur.Keeshonden) is a medium-sized dog with a plush, two-layer coat of silver and black fur with a ruff and a curled tail.

Kerry Beagle

The Kerry Beagle (Irish: An Pocadán Ciarraíoch) is one of the oldest Irish hound breeds, believed to be descendant from the Old Southern Hound or the Celtic Hounds.

King Charles Spaniel

The King Charles Spaniel (also known as the English Toy Spaniel) is a small dog breed of the spaniel type.

King Shepherd

The King Shepherd is a variety of the German Shepherd bred in the United States, its breeders hoping to rectify the physical deformities that have been bred into the original breed.


The Kintamani (anjing Kintamani) or the Kintamani-Bali Dog is a dog native to the Indonesian island of Bali.


The Koolie (also known as the Australian Koolie or by the historic misnomer "German Coolie") is an Australian dog breed.

Korean Mastiff

Koyun Dog

The Koyun dog is a flock and herd guardian dog of Molosser type.


The Kromfohrländer ( KROHM-fər-land-ər) is a breed of dog that originated in Germany.

Kumaon Mastiff

The Bhotia, also known as the Himalayan sheepdog or the Himalayan mastiff, is a breed of livestock guardian dog from India and Nepal.

Kunming Wolfdog

The Kunming dog is a breed of wolf-like dog originating in China.


Kurī is the Māori name for the extinct Polynesian dog.


The Kuvasz (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈkuvɒs]), is an ancient breed of livestock dog of Hungarian origin.


The Kyi Leo is a dog breed from the United States not recognized by the FCI.

Labrador Husky

The Husky-Labrador mix is a cross between two of America's most popular dog breeds; the Siberian Husky and the Labrador Retriever.

Lagotto Romagnolo

The Lagotto Romagnolo is an Italian breed of dog.

Lakeland Terrier

The Lakeland Terrier is a dog breed, which takes its name from its place of origin, the Lake District in England.

Lancashire Heeler

The Lancashire Heeler is a small breed of dog developed for use as a drover and herder of cattle.

Lapponian Herder

The Lapponian Herder (Lapinporokoira or Lapp Reindeer-Dog or Lapsk Vallhund) is a breed of dog from Finland, one of three Lapphund breeds developed from a type of dog used by the Sami people for herding and guarding their reindeer.

Lapponian Shepherd

The Lapponian Shepherd (Lapinpaimenkoira) or Cockhill's Finnish Lapphound (Kukonharjunkoira) is an extinct dog breed originating from Finland.


The Leonberger is a giant dog breed, whose name derives from the city of Leonberg in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

Lithuanian Hound

The Lithuanian Hound (Lithuanian: Lietuvių skalikas) is a rare, medium-size hunting dog from Lithuania.


A longdog (sometimes long dog) is any type of sighthound, either a purebred sighthound breed, or a crossbreed of pure sighthound breeds, although the term is most frequently used to refer to crossbred sighthounds.

Longhaired Whippet

Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog

The Catahoula Leopard Dog is an American dog breed named after Catahoula Parish, Louisiana.


The lurcher is a mixed-breed dog, specifically a sighthound mated with another dog type, most commonly a herding dog or a terrier.


The Löwchen or Little Lion Dog (German: Löwchen, "little lion"; French: Petit chien lion, "little lion dog") is a breed of small dog.

Mackenzie River Husky

The term Mackenzie River husky describes several overlapping local populations of Arctic and sub-Arctic sled dog-type dogs, none of which constitutes a breed.

Magyar agár

The Magyar agár (MA) is a dog breed.

Mahratta Greyhound

The Mahratta Hound, sometimes called the Mahratta Greyhound, is a breed of dog found in India.


Cross of a Maltese and a Shih Tzu; first deliberately bred by Australian designer dog breeders in the 1990s as companion dogs.


Cross of a Poodle and a Maltese.

Manchester Terrier

The Manchester Terrier is a breed of dog of the smooth-haired terrier type.

Marquesan Dog

The Marquesan Dog or Marquesas Islands Dog is an extinct breed of dog from the Marquesas Islands.

McNab Dog

The McNab Dog, also called the McNab Shepherd or McNab Collie is a herding dog that originated in Hopland, Mendocino County, Northern California.

Miniature Bull Terrier

The Miniature Bull Terrier is a breed with origins in the extinct English White Terrier, the Dalmatian and the Bulldog.

Miniature Fox Terrier

The Miniature Fox Terrier is a small, fine, lightweight working terrier developed as a hunting dog and vermin router.

Miniature Pinscher

The Miniature Pinscher, also known as the Zwergpinscher, and Min Pin, is a small breed of dog of the pinscher type originating from Germany.

Miniature Shar Pei

In the United States, a number of breeders have selectively bred Shar Peis for a smaller size, creating what they call the Miniature Shar Pei, much to the opposition of many breeders of traditionally sized Shar Peis.


The Molossus of Epirus (Greek: Μολοσσός της Ηπείρου) is an ancient livestock guardian dog breed from Greece.

Molossus of Epirus

The Molossus of Epirus (Greek: Μολοσσός της Ηπείρου) is an ancient livestock guardian dog breed from Greece.

Montenegrin Mountain Hound

The Montenegrin Mountain Hound is a rare dog breed from the mountain regions across the Balkans.

Moscow Watchdog

The Moscow Watchdog (Russian: московская сторожевая, tr.Moskovskaya Storozhevaya) is a breed of dog that was bred in the Soviet Union.

Moscow Water Dog

The Moscow Water Dog, also known as the Moscow Diver, Moscow Retriever or Moskovsky Vodolaz, is a little-known dog breed derived from the Newfoundland, Caucasian Shepherd Dog and East European Shepherd.

Mountain Cur

The Mountain Cur is a type of working dog that is bred specifically for treeing and trailing small game, like squirrel and raccoons.

Mudhol Hound

The Mudhol Hound, also known variously as the Maratha Hound, the Pashmi Hound and the Kathewar Dog, is a breed of sighthound from India.The Kennel Club of India (KCI) and Indian National Kennel Club (INKC) recognize the breed under different breed names.


The Mudi (in Hungarian, the plural form of mudi is mudik) is a herding dog breed from Hungary.

Münsterländer, Large

The Large Münsterländer (or Großer Münsterländer) is a breed of gun dog originally from the Münster region in Germany.The first breed club was founded in Germany in 1919 and the breed was recognised by the Kennel Club (UK) in 1971.The breed is an offshoot of the German Longhaired Pointer, and was officially recognized as a separate breed when the German Longhaired Pointer club chose to deny recognition to the black and white color variation.

Münsterländer, Small

The Small Münsterländer (also SM or Kleiner Münsterländer) is a versatile hunting-pointing-retrieving dog breed that reached its current form in the area around Münster, Germany.

Neapolitan Mastiff

The Neapolitan Mastiff or Mastino Napoletano is an Italian breed of large dog.

New Zealand Heading Dog

The New Zealand Heading Dog is a working and herding dog that uses its visual prowess and quick movement to control sheep.

Norfolk Spaniel

The Norfolk Spaniel or Shropshire Spaniel is an extinct breed of dog since the early 20th century.


The Norrbottenspets is a breed of dog of the spitz type.

North Country Beagle

The North Country Beagle, Northern Hound or Northern Beagle was a breed of dog that existed in Britain probably until early in the 19th century.

Northern Inuit Dog

The Northern Inuit Dog, along with its offshoot breed lines the Tamaskan dog, the British Timber dog and the Utonagan, is a breed of dog developed from a 1980s breeding project in the United Kingdom with the objective of producing a dog breed that resembles wolves.Northern Inuit Dogs descend from dogs of unknown breed ancestry imported from North America in the 1980s that were crossed with Alaskan Malamutes, German Shepherds, Siberian Huskies and possibly Samoyeds, the intention of the breeding project was to create a dog of wolf-like appearance that could be kept as a companion dog and that could also be trained for other tasks.The Northern Inuit Dog breeding project subsequently split into a number of breed lines, including the Tamaskan dog, the British Timber dog and the Utonagan.

Northwestern Wolf

The northwestern wolf (Canis lupus occidentalis), also known as the Mackenzie Valley wolf, Rocky Mountain wolf, Alaskan timber wolf, or Canadian timber wolf, is a subspecies of gray wolf in western North America.

Norwegian Buhund

The Norwegian Buhund is a breed of dog of the spitz type.

Norwegian Lundehund

The Norwegian Lundehund (Norsk lundehund) is a small dog breed of the Spitz type that originates from Norway.

Norwich Terrier

The Norwich Terrier is a breed of dog originating in the United Kingdom, and was bred to hunt small rodents.

Old Croatian Sighthound

The Old Croatian Sighthound (Croatian: hrti, 'greyhound'), also known as the Old Bosnian Sighthound, is an extinct breed of sighthound from the Balkan counties of Bosnia–Herzegovina and Croatia.It is claimed the Old Croatian Sighthound was descended from sighthounds kept by the Celts; it closely resembled images of dogs on Celtic coins from the 5th century BC, as such it is believed to be closely related to the Greyhound, which was introduced to Britain by the Celts.

Old Danish Pointer

The Old Danish Pointer is a medium-sized breed of dog, white with brown markings, originally used as a pointing dog in Denmark.

Old English Bulldog

The Old English Bulldog is an extinct breed of dog.

Old English Terrier

The Black and Tan Terrier was a broad breed or type of terrier that was one of the earliest terriers breeds, whilst now extinct it is believed to be the ancestor of all modern Fell Terrier breeds and The Kennel Club recognised Welsh Terrier.

Old German Herding Dogs

The old German herding dogs (German: altdeutsche Hütehunde), including old German sheep-dogs or old German shepherd dogs (altdeutsche Schäferhunde) are a group of traditional types of working, herding dogs from Germany.

Old German Shepherd Dog

With the term Old German Shepherd Dog is today in the general linguistic usage predominantly the German Shepherd with longer deck hair designated.

Old Spanish Pointer

The Old Spanish Pointer, or Perro de Punta Español, is an extinct breed (or landrace) of dog originating in Spain, believed to be the ultimate ancestor of almost all pointing dogs.

Old Time Farm Shepherd

Olde English Bulldogge

The Olde English Bulldogge is an American dog breed, recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC) in January 2014.


The Otterhound is a British dog breed.

Pachon Navarro

The Pachón Navarro (plural Pachones Navarros) is a Spanish breed of hunting dog from the autonomous community of Navarre, in northern Spain.

Paisley Terrier

The Paisley Terrier was a breed of terrier-type dog that is now extinct.


The Pandikona is a primitive-type hunting dog from Pattikonda taluk-Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh India. "Pandikona" is a medium size sight hound which is adapted to harsh climatic conditions of Kurnool district.

Parson Russell Terrier

The Parson Russell Terrier is a breed of small white terrier that was the original Fox Terrier of the 18th century.

Pastore Della Lessinia E Del Lagorai

The Pastore della Lessinia e del Lagorai is an old Italian dog breed from the northeastern region called Triveneto.

Patterdale Terrier

The Patterdale Terrier is a breed of dog descended from the Northern terrier breeds of the early 18th century.

Perro Majorero

The Perro Majorero (English: Majorero dog) is a Spanish breed from the island of Fuerteventura in the Canary Islands.

Perro de Pastor Mallorquin

The Majorca Shepherd Dog (Catalan: Ca de bestiar, Spanish: Perro de pastor mallorquín) is a domesticated breed of dog, used in the Balearic Islands of Spain, both for guarding sheep and as a general purpose farm dog.

Perro de Presa Canario

The Perro de Presa Canario, also known as the Canary Mastiff, is a large Molosser-type dog breed originally bred for working livestock.

Perro de Presa Mallorquin

The Ca de Bou or Majorca mastiff is a medium-to-large sized molossian-type breed of dog, with a strong, powerful, elongated build.

Peruvian Inca Orchid

The Peruvian Hairless Dog, Peruvian viringo, naked dog, or Chimú dog is one of several breeds of hairless dog.

Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen

The Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen (), or PBGV, is a breed of dog of the scent hound type, bred to trail hares in bramble-filled terrain of the Vendée district of France.

Petit Bleu de Gascogne

The Petit Bleu de Gascogne (FCI No.31) Is a breed of dog of the scenthound type, originating in France and used for hunting in packs.

Petit Brabançon

The Petit Brabançon (French for Little Brabanter) is an FCI recognized dog breed from Belgium (FCI Group 9, Section 3, Standard No. 82), which belongs to the Griffon Bruxellois.

Pharaoh Hound

The Pharaoh Hound is a Maltese breed of hunting dog.

Picardy Spaniel

The Picardy Spaniel is a breed of dog developed in France for use as a gundog.

Plott Hound

The Plott Hound is a large scent hound, originally bred for hunting bears.

Plummer Terrier

The Plummer Terrier is a working terrier.

Podenco Canario

Podenco Canario (In English: Canary Island Podenco, Canary Island Hound, or Canarian Warren Hound) is a breed of dog from the Canary Islands.


The Poitevin, also known as the Chien de Haut-Poitou, is a breed of French scenthound from the province of Poitou, this predominantly pack hound was created in the 17th century to hunt wolves.

Polish Greyhound

The Polish Greyhound (Polish: chart polski, pronounced [xart ˈpɔlskʲi]) is a Polish sighthound breed.

Polish Hound

The Polish Hound, commonly known as Ogar Polski, is a breed of hunting dog indigenous to Poland.

Polish Hunting Dog

The Gończy Polski, sometimes translated as the Polish Hunting Dog, is a breed of scent hound originating in Poland.

Polish Tatra Sheepdog

The Polish Tatra Sheepdog is a breed of dog introduced into the Tatra Mountains of Southern Poland by Vlachian (Romanian) shepherds.

Pont-Audemer Spaniel

The Pont-Audemer Spaniel or Epagneul Pont-Audemer is a rare breed of French gundog.


The Porcelaine [pɔʁsəlɛn] is a breed of dog originating from France.

Portuguese Podengo

The Portuguese Podengo is hound (sight and scent) breed from Portugal.

Portuguese Pointer

A Portuguese Pointer, (Portuguese: Perdigueiro Português) is a breed of dog developed as a gun dog.

Portuguese Water Dog

The Portuguese Water Dog is a breed of dog.

Posavac Hound

The Posavac Hound (FCI No. 154) (Croatian: posavski gonič) is a breed of dog, originating as a hunting dog of the scenthound type.

Pražský Krysařík

The Pražský Krysařík (Prague Ratter) is a small breed of dog from the Czech Republic that is rarely seen outside its country of origin.


The Pudelpointer is a versatile hunting dog breed from Germany.


A puggle is a dog crossbred from a pug and a beagle.

Pyrenean Mastiff

The Pyrenean Mastiff (Spanish: Mastín Español del Pirineo or Aragonese: Mostín d'o Pireneu) is a large breed of livestock guardian dog from the autonomous community of Aragón in northeastern Spain.

Pyrenean Sheepdog, Longhaired

The Pyrenean Shepherd (known in France originally, and also in non-AKC registries such as the UKC, as the Berger des Pyrénées, and in Spain as the Pastor de los Pirineos) is a medium-small breed of dog native to the Pyrenees mountains in southern France and northern Spain, bred since at least medieval times for herding livestock, especially sheep.

Pyrenean Sheepdog, Smooth-Faced

The smooth-faced shepherd dog of the Pyrenees is a dog breed of French origin recognized by the FCI (Standard No. 138, Group 1, Section 1).

Rafeiro Do Alentejo

The Rafeiro do Alentejo is a Portuguese breed of livestock guardian dog.


The Rajapalayam also known as the Polygar Hound or Indian Ghost Hound is a southern Indian dog breed.

Rampur Greyhound

The Rampur Greyhound is a breed of sighthound native to the Rampur region of Northern India, which lies between Delhi and Bareilly.

Rastreador Brasileiro

The Rastreador Brasileiro (in English, Brazilian Tracker) is a large breed of dog from Brazil, first recognised by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale in 1967, but an outbreak of disease, compounded by an overdose of insecticide, wiped out the breed's entire breeding stock.

Rat Terrier

The Rat Terrier is an American dog breed with a background as a farm dog and hunting companion.

Ratonero Bodeguero Andaluz

The Ratonero Bodeguero Andaluz (Andalusian wine-cellar rat-hunting dog) is a Spanish breed of dog of the terrier type.

Ratonero Mallorquin

The Ca Rater Mallorquí (Spanish: Ratonero mallorquín) is a Spanish breed of dog from the island of Majorca.The Ca Rater Mallorquí is used on Majorca to hunt rats and rabbits.

Ratonero Murciano de Huerta

The Ratonero Murciano is a breed of dog from the Spanish Region of Murcia.

Ratonero Valenciano

The Gos Rater Valencià (English for: Valencian rat hunting dog) is a breed of dog that originates in Spain.

Redbone Coonhound

The Redbone Coonhound is a tenacious hunting dog used for hunting raccoon, deer, bear, boar, cougar, or any other large game.

Rhodesian Ridgeback

The Rhodesian Ridgeback is a dog breed bred in the Southern Africa region.

Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog

The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog is a large breed of livestock guardian dog that originated in the Carpathian Mountains of Romania.

Romanian Raven Shepherd Dog

The Romanian Raven Shepherd Dog is a livestock guardian dog originating in the southern and sub-Carpathian regions of Argeș County, Brașov County, Dâmbovița County, and Prahova County in Romania.

Russian Spaniel

The Russian Spaniel is a type of spaniel first standardised in 1951 in the Soviet Union after World War II by cross breeding English Cocker Spaniels, English Springer Spaniels and other spaniel breeds.

Russian Toy

The Russian Toy (also known as the Russian Toy Terrier, and in Russia as the Russkiy Toy and Toychik,Russian: Русский той, Тойчик) is a very small breed of dog originally bred in Russia from the English Toy Terrier.

Russian Tracker

The Russian Tracker or Russian Retriever is an extinct breed of domestic dog.

Russian Wolf

The Russian wolf (Canis lupus communis) is a subspecies of the wolf (Canis lupus) with controversial taxonomic status.

Russo-European Laika

Russo-European Laika (Russko-Evropeĭskaya Láĭka) is the name of a breed of hunting dog that originated in the forested region of northern Europe and Russia, one of several breeds developed from landrace Laika dogs of Spitz type.

Saarloos Wolfdog

The Saarloos wolfdog (Dutch: Saarlooswolfhond or Saarloos-wolfhond, German: Saarlooswolfhund or Saarloos-Wolfhund) is a dog-breed originating from the crossing of a German Shepherd Dog (German: Deutscher Schäferhund, Dutch: Duitse herdershond) with a Eurasian grey wolf (Canis lupus lupus).

Sabueso Español

The Sabueso Español (Spanish Scenthound) is a scenthound breed with its origin in the far north of Iberian Peninsula, included in Group VI of F.C.I.

Sabueso Fino Colombiano

The Colombian fino hound (Sabueso fino colombiano) is a typical dog breed from Colombia, the hunting dog of Colombian peasants, distributed throughout the country with a traceable history for over 200 years, was selected by functionality and adaptability to the Colombian landscape.

Saint John's Water Dog

The St.

Saint-Usuge Spaniel

The Saint-Usuge Spaniel (or Épagneul de Saint-Usuge) is a breed of Spaniel originating in the Bresse region of France.

Salish Wool Dog

The Salish Wool Dog or Comox dog is an extinct breed of white, long-haired, Spitz-type dog that was developed and bred by the Coast Salish peoples of what is now Washington state and British Columbia.


The Sapsali (삽살이) is a shaggy South Korean breed of dog.


The Schapendoes (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈsxaːpəndus]) or Dutch Sheepdog, is a breed of dog originating in the Netherlands.


The Schillerstövare, translated as the Schiller Hound in English, is a breed of dog of the scenthound type, originating as a hunting dog in Sweden in the late 19th century.


A Schipperke (; Dutch: [ˈsxɪpərkə]) is a small Belgian breed of dog that originated in the early 16th century.


Cross of a Poodle and a Schnauzer; bred as companion dogs from the 1980s onward, they can be bred from Miniature, Standard or Giant Schnauzers crossed with Toy, Miniature or Standard Poodles; the offspring vary in size according to the various parent size varieties bred.

Schweizer Laufhund

The Schweizer Laufhund is a breed of scenthound, originally from Switzerland.

Schweizerischer Niederlaufhund

The Schweizerischer Niederlaufhund (FCI No, 60) (translated into English as the Small Swiss Hound, is a breed of dog of the scenthound type from Switzerland.Niederlaufhund means short-legged hound.The breed has a number of different varieties (all of the same breed).

Scotch Collie

The Rough Collie (also known as the Long-Haired Collie) is a long-coated dog breed of medium to large size that, in its original form, was a type of collie used and bred for herding sheep in Scotland.

Scottish Deerhound

The Scottish Deerhound, or simply the Deerhound, is a large breed of hound (a sighthound), once bred to hunt the red deer by coursing.

Scottish Terrier

The Scottish Terrier (Scottish Gaelic: Abhag Albannach; also known as the Aberdeen Terrier), popularly called the Scottie, is a breed of dog.

Sealyham Terrier

The Sealyham Terrier (Welsh: Daeargi Sealyham) is a rare Welsh breed of small to medium-sized terrier that originated in Wales as a working dog.

Segugio Italiano a Pelo Forte

The Segugio Italiano a Pelo Forte (it.for Wire-haired Italian Running Dog) is an Italian dog breed recognized by the FCI (Group 6, Section 1.2, Standard No. 198).

Segugio Italiano a Pelo Raso

The Segugio Italiano a Pelo Raso (it.for Short-haired Italian Running Dog) is an Italian dog breed recognized by the FCI (Group 6, Section 1.2, No. 337).

Segugio Maremmano

The Segugio Maremmano is an Italian breed of scent hound from the coastal plains of the Maremma, in Tuscany.

Seppala Siberian Sleddog

A rare working dog breed, the Seppala Siberian Sleddog is developed for the purpose of pulling a sled in cold countries.

Serbian Hound

The Serbian Hound (Serbian: српски гонич/srpski gonič), previously known as the Balkan Hound (Serbian: балкански гонич/balkanski gonič), is a pack hunting dog breed used in Serbia.

Serbian Tricolour Hound

The Serbian Tricolour Hound (Serbian: српски тробојни гонич/srpski trobojni gonič or тробојац/trobojac) is a breed of dog of the hound type.

Serrano Bulldog

The Serrano Bulldog (Portuguese: Buldogue serrano) is a Brazilian breed of dog, suitable for guarding and especially for working with cattle.

Seskar Seal Dog

The Seskar Seal Dog (Seiskarinhyljekoira) is an extinct dog breed from Finland that was recently recreated.


Cross of a Poodle and a Shih Tzu; bred as a companion dog with the possibility of it inheriting a hypoallergenic coat; height ranges from 9 to 14 inches (23 to 36 cm) and weight ranges from 9 to 16 pounds (4.1 to 7.3 kg).

Shiloh Shepherd

The Shiloh Shepherd is a variety of the German Shepherd bred in the United States, it was developed in the 1970s and 1980s to correct behavioural and conformational issues that have been bred into modern German Shepherds, it was bred for large size, length of their back, temperament and soundness of hips.

Sinhala Hound

The Sinhala Hound (Sinhala Sunakhaya) or Sinhalese Hound is a breed of dog from Sri Lanka, and parts of India.


The Sloughi is a North African breed of dog, specifically a member of the sighthound family.

Slovak Cuvac

The Slovak Cuvac is a Slovak breed of dog, bred for use as a livestock guard dog.

Slovakian Wirehaired Pointer

The Slovak Rough-haired Pointer is a gundog breed developed after World War II in Slovakia.

Slovenský kopov

The Slovenský kopov (translated into English as Slovak Hound) is a medium-sized breed of hunting dog of the scenthound type.

Small Greek Domestic Dog

The Kokoni (Greek: Κοκόνι) is a small domestic dog breed from Greece, only recently established as a standardized breed.


Smaland Hound (Swedish: Smålandsstövare) is a breed of dog that originated in Sweden in the 16th century.

Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier

The Soft-coated Wheaten Terrier (Irish: An Brocaire Buí - literally, "Yellow Terrier") is a pure breed terrier originating from Ireland.

South Russian Ovcharka

The South Russian Ovcharka, also known as a Ukrainian Shepherd Dog, or South Russian Sheepdog, is a sheepdog from the Ukrainian steppes between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov.

Southern Hound

The Southern Hound was a breed of dog that existed in Britain probably until sometime in the 19th century, now extinct.

Spanish Mastiff

The Spanish Mastiff or Mastín Español is a giant breed of dog from Spain, originally bred to be a guard dog and whose specialized purpose is to be a livestock guardian dog protecting flocks and/or herds from wolves and other predators.

Spanish Water Dog

The Spanish Water Dog (perro de agua español) breed is used in Spain as a general purpose sheepdog and guard.

Spinone Italiano

The Spinone Italiano is an Italian breed of hunting dog, traditionally used for tracking, pointing, and retrieving game.

Sporting Lucas Terrier

The Sporting Lucas Terrier is a small breed of dog of the terrier type.

Standard Schnauzer

The Standard Schnauzer (Mittelschnauzer) is a dog breed that originated in Germany in at least 14th–15th century, of Schnauzer breed type and progenitor of the Giant Schnauzer and Miniature Schnauzer.

Stephens Cur

The Stephens Cur (a.k.a.Stephens' Stock Cur), is a scent hound that belongs to the Cur dog breed.

Styrian Coarse-Haired Hound

The Styrian Coarse-haired Hound (FCI No. 62), (German: Steirische Rauhhaarbracke) is a breed of medium-sized hound dog originated in the Austrian province of Styria.

Sussex Spaniel

The Sussex Spaniel is a breed of dog native to Sussex in southern England.

Swedish Elkhound

The Jämthund, also called the Swedish Elkhound, is a breed of dog of the Spitz type that is found in Northern Europe.

Swedish Lapphund

The Swedish Lapphund (Swedish: Svensk lapphund) is a breed of dog of the Spitz type from Sweden, one of three Lapphund breeds developed from a type of dog used by the Sami people for herding and guarding their reindeer.

Swedish Vallhund

The Swedish Vallhund, also known as the Västgötaspets and Swedish cow dog, is a breed of dog native to Sweden.

Tahitian Dog

The Tahitian Dog (Tahitian: ʻŪrī Mā’ohi, literally translated as 'native dog') is an extinct breed of dog from Tahiti and the Society Islands.

Tahltan Bear Dog

The Tahltan Bear Dog was a breed of dog indigenous to Canada.


The Taigan (Kyrgyz: Тайган), and also known as Kyrgyzdyn Taighany (Kyrgyzskaya Borzaya Taigan in Russian), is a breed of sighthound from Kyrgyzstan.

Talbot Hound

The Talbot was a type of hunting hound common in England during the Middle Ages.

Tamaskan Dog

Whether the Tamaskan are Northern-Inuit dogs or whether they have the same origin is not clear.

Teddy Roosevelt Terrier

The Teddy Roosevelt Terrier is a small to medium-sized American hunting terrier.


The Telomian is a type of dog found in isolated villages near the Telom River in the rainforests of the Malay Peninsula.

Tenterfield Terrier

Developed in Australia, the forebears of the Tenterfield Terrier accompanied British settlers en route to Australia by ship.

Terceira Mastiff

The Terceira Mastiff (Portuguese: Cão de Fila da Terceira) is an extinct Portuguese dog landrace, also known as the Rabo Torto (rabo=tail, torto=curled/twisted).

Texas Heeler

Cross of an Australian Cattle Dog and either an Australian Shepherd or a Border Collie; bred in the United States for the crosses’ ability to work cattle.

Thai Bangkaew Dog

The Thai Bangkaew Dog(Thai: ไทยบางแก้ว) is an Asian dog breed.

Thai Ridgeback

The Thai Ridgeback (Thai: ไทยหลังอาน, RTGS: Thai Lang-An) is a dog recently established as a standardized breed.

Tibetan Spaniel

The Tibetan Spaniel is a breed of assertive, small, intelligent dogs originating in Tibet.


The Tornjak (pronounced [torɲâk]), also known as Bosnian Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd dog, is a livestock guardian dog native to Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.

Toy Bulldog

The Toy Bulldog is an extinct dog breed that existed in England during the 18th and early 19th centuries.

Toy Fox Terrier

The Toy Fox Terrier is a small terrier breed of dog, directly descended from the larger Fox Terrier but considered a separate breed.

Toy Manchester Terrier

The Toy Manchester Terrier is a breed of dog, categorized as a terrier.

Toy Trawler Spaniel

The Toy Trawler Spaniel is an extinct breed of Spaniel which physically was similar to the King Charles Spaniel of the 16th century.

Transylvanian Hound

The Transylvanian Hound (Hungarian: erdélyi kopó, also known as the Transylvanian Scent Hound or Hungarian Hound) is a dog breed from the Kingdom of Hungary, Transylvania (found today in Hungary and Romania), historically primarily used for hunting.

Treeing Cur

The Treeing Cur is a breed of dog that originated in the mid-west and was first recognized by United Kennel Club on November 1, 1998, due to the efforts of Alex and Ray Kovac. "Most Cur breeders were not well off and so they required a dog that could serve multiple purposes: hunter, guardian, and stock dog.

Treeing Tennessee Brindle

The Treeing Tennessee Brindle is a breed of cur.

Treeing Walker Coonhound

The Treeing Walker Coonhound is a breed of hound descended from the English and American Foxhounds.

Trigg Hound

The Trigg Hound (also known as the Trigg Foxhound or Hayden Trigg Hound) is a variety of the American Foxhound, developed in Kentucky by Colonel Haiden Trigg.

Tweed Water Spaniel

The Tweed Water Spaniel, or Tweed Spaniel, is a breed of dog extinct since the 19th century.

Tyrolean Hound

The Tyrolean Hound is a breed of dog that originated in Tyrol also called the Tiroler Bracke or Tyroler Bracke.

Vanjari Hound

The Banjara Hound, also known as the Vanjari Hound, is a breed of dog found in India.

Villano de Las Encartaciones

The Villano de Las Encartaciones (Basque: Enkarterriko billano, Cantabrian: Villanu) is a Spanish working dog from the region of Las Encartaciones in the province of Biscay, in the Basque country, eastern Cantabria and northern Burgos.

Villanuco de Las Encartaciones

The Villanuco de Las Encartaciones, Basque: Enkarterriko Billanuko, is a Spanish breed of small dog of ratter type.


The Vizsla (Hungarian: [ˈviʒlɒ]) is a dog breed from Hungary and belongs to the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) group 7 (Pointing Dogs), the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) group 1 (Sporting group), and the American Kennel Club (Sporting group).

Volpino Italiano

The Volpino Italiano or Volpino is an Italian breed of dog of Spitz type.


The Weimaraner ( WY-mə-rah-nər) is a large dog that was originally bred for hunting in the early 19th century.

Welsh Corgi, Cardigan

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is one of two separate dog breeds known as Welsh Corgis that originated in Wales; the other is the Pembroke Welsh Corgi.

Welsh Hillman

The Welsh Hillman was an ancient landrace or type of herding dog in Wales, used for herding and droving.

Welsh Sheepdog

The Welsh Sheepdog (Welsh: Ci Defaid Cymreig, pronounced [kiː ˈdɛvaɪd kəmˈrɛɨɡ]) is a landrace of herding dog from Wales.

Welsh Springer Spaniel

The Welsh Springer Spaniel (Cymraeg: Llamgi Cymru) is a breed of dog and a member of the spaniel family.

West Siberian Laika

The West Siberian Laika or WSL, is a breed of hunting dog and a breed of spitz type.

Westphalian Dachsbracke

The Westphalian Dachsbracke (FCI No. 100) is a small, short-legged scenthound, a breed of dog originating in Westphalia, a region of Germany.


The Wetterhoun (FCI No.221, translated into English as the Frisian Water Dog) is a breed of dog traditionally used as a hunting dog for hunting small mammals and waterfowl in the province of Fryslan in the Netherlands.


The Whippet (also English Whippet or Snap Dog) is a dog breed of medium size.

White Shepherd

The White Shepherd is a variety of the German Shepherd bred in the United States.

Wirehaired Pointing Griffon

The Wirehaired Pointing Griffon (also called the Korthals Griffon and the Griffon d'arrêt à poil dur Korthals in France and Quebec) is a breed of dog used in hunting as a gundog.

Wirehaired Vizsla

The Wirehaired Vizsla ( VEESH-lə; Hungarian: [ˈviʒlɒ]; English plural: Vizslas or sometimes Vizslak, based on the Hungarian plural vizslák [ˈviʒlaːk]), is a dog breed originating in Hungary.


Cross of a Yorkshire Terrier and a Poodle; bred as a companion dog; the Yorkiepoo, despite variations, is one of the smallest poodle crossbreeds produced by designer dog breeders.


Cross of a Bichon Frisé and a Shih Tzu; bred as a companion dog.


The Šarplaninac (Macedonian: Шарпланинец, Serbian Cyrillic: Шарпланинац, Albanian: Qeni i Sharrit), formerly also known as Illyrian Shepherd Dog (Macedonian and Serbian: Илирски Овчар, romanized: Ilirski Ovčar, Albanian: Deltari Ilir), is a dog breed of the livestock guardian type.


萬能㹴(英語:Airedale Terrier,通常簡稱為“萬能”),也叫賓利㹴,濱水㹴,是起源於河艾爾谷(戴爾),在英格蘭約克郡的西部騎馬品種的㹴類犬。傳統上被稱為“㹴之王”,因為它是世界上最大的㹴品種。在英國,這個品種也被用來作為戰爭犬,導盲犬和警犬。


下司犬產於中國貴州省黔東南苗族侗族自治州的麻江縣下司镇地區。 由贵州省传统的原生猎犬“胡子狗”培育繁殖而来。 下司犬高度:45-55cm 重量:20-30kg,相貌兇猛,胸部寬闊,腳掌發達,毛白而短,眼皮、鼻舌皆呈紅色,短耳直立,雙目炯炯有神,嘴臉多直立硬毛,猶如長針,令人望而生畏。下司犬聰靈善跑,敦厚忠實,常被訓做獵犬、牧鴨犬和看家犬。






乞沙比克獵犬(Chesapeake Bay Retriever)是一種獵犬。


亞洲胡狼(学名:Canis aureus),又名金豺,是北非及東非、歐洲東南部及南亞至緬甸特有的一種胡狼。牠們最大型的胡狼,唯一生活在非洲以外的地方,其下共有13個已知的亞種。雖然與其他胡狼分類在一起,但牠們其實並非近親,根據基因分析顯示灰狼及郊狼才是其近親。亞洲胡狼的頭顱骨亦與灰狼及郊狼的很相似。亞洲胡狼曾被認為是家犬的直接祖先,但由於牠們很少與狗接觸,而且有不同的叫聲,故此理論被推翻。


伊朗狼(學名:Canis lupus pallipes),亦稱為亞洲狼,是狼的一個亞種。曾廣泛分佈於黎巴嫩、北以色列、沙地阿拉伯、土耳其、阿富汗、巴基斯坦及伊朗。牠們過去被認為是澳洲野犬的直屬祖先,但另一項較近期的研究則指澳洲野犬則家犬的親緣較接近。


傑克羅素㹴(英語:Jack Russell Terrier),是㹴犬的一種,為小型犬,平均身高為23至38公分,體重至8公斤。 哈利波特中,榮恩的護法就是傑克羅素㹴。




凯恩㹴(Cairn Terrier)是一種㹴犬。


加拿大愛斯基摩犬(Canadian Eskimo Dog)是一種來自北方的工作犬種,並且被視為其中一種北美洲最古老和珍稀的純種犬之一。雖然牠們是在北加拿大的因紐特人偏好的工作犬種,但自從60年代以後卻隨著雪上機車的普及而在北極變得越來越稀有。


北極狼(學名:Canis lupus arctos),又稱白狼,是犬科的哺乳動物,也是灰狼的亞種,分佈於歐亞大陸北部、加拿大北部和格陵蘭北部。




北海道狼(學名:Canis lupus hattai),日本稱 蝦夷狼,俄羅斯稱 薩哈林狼,是一個已滅絕的狼亞種,曾分佈於日本北海道島、俄羅斯薩哈林島及千島群島一帶。由於棲息地被人類開發,並因威脅家畜而遭農民大量毒殺,同時被家畜散播的狂犬病和犬瘟熱病毒傳染,北海道狼於 1889 年滅絕,後由日本學者岸田久吉(英文:Kyukichi Kishida)在 1931 年將其命名為獨立的狼亞種。 北海道狼是生活在日本的兩個狼亞種之一,另一個亞種為本州狼,分佈於本州、四國和九州。在日本,狼曾被人們當做守護神崇拜,有供奉狼的祠廟和不少關於狼的民間傳說。隨着日本逐漸步入現代化,狼不再被尊崇,而是由開拓使懸賞獵殺。繼北海道狼滅絕後,本州狼也在 1905 年滅絕。儘管這兩個狼亞種的分佈區域相鄰,但在形態上,本州狼是最小的狼之一,北海道狼則恰恰相反,它的另一個學名為 Canis lupus rex,由英國學者波科克(Pocock)根據大英博物馆收藏的北海道狼標本在 1935 年命名,該名稱正是指其體型碩大。遺傳學研究顯示,本州狼來自東北亞大陸,從薩哈林島沿大陸橋進入日本,而北海道狼卻來自北美洲,其線粒體 DNA 与北美狼完全相同。學界推測,北海道狼約在 9300 年前從北美狼中分化而來,抵達日本的時間晚於本州狼,距今不足 1.4 萬年,當時的津輕海峽已有 3 km 宽,阻止了北海道狼進入本州岛。




可蒙犬(匈牙利語:Komondor,複數形為komondorok),一種牲畜護衛犬種,原自於匈牙利,又稱匈牙利牧羊犬(英語:Hungarian sheepdog)。因其毛長如拖把,而亦有拖把狗之稱。最早作為牧羊犬的一種。由欽察人帶至歐洲,在1544年的匈牙利古抄本中首度提及這種狗。為古老犬種之一。被視為獒犬之後代,直至1920年代作出犬種認定標準。




史賓格犬(英語:English Springer Spaniel)源於英國(早於1576年已有記載),為狩獵用的激飛獵犬,亦可作尋回犬使用。由於非常聰明、服從性高,而且嗅覺靈敏,被各地海關及警察機構訓練成為專門搜索違禁品(毒品或爆炸品)的犬種。




喜樂蒂牧羊犬(英語:Sheltie),也稱謝德蘭牧羊犬(英語:Shetland Sheepdog),產於蘇格蘭設得蘭。其品種的源頭可能來自於蘇格蘭牧羊犬與狐狸狗雜交而成,也可能是蘇格蘭牧羊犬與查理王小獵犬混種的結果。喜樂蒂牧羊犬屬工作犬種,是一種在嚴苛環境中生活的犬種,主要擔任趕羊群及守衛工作,是很活躍的牧羊犬。




土佐鬥犬是從進入明治時代後,在鬥犬相當盛行的四國土佐藩(今高知縣)由當地地犬「四國犬」與前田犬、古英國獒(Old English Mastiff)、鬥牛犬(bulldog)、牛頭㹴(bull terrier)、大丹狗(great dane)等犬種互相交配出來的犬種。常常只用土佐犬(日语:とさけん・とさいぬ)來稱呼。




坎高犬,別名坎加爾犬,英文名為Kangal dog、Sivas Kangal、Turkish Kangal,原產地為土耳其,屬於大型犬種,多被用於牧羊或看家護衛等。它於土耳其被視為國寶,是土耳其的一級保護動物,亦是世界上唯一被視為國寶的犬種。


埃什特雷拉山犬(葡萄牙語:Cão da Serra da Estrela,英語:Estrela Mountain Dog),又譯為愛斯崔拉山犬、埃斯尼拉山犬、葡萄牙牧羊犬,源自於葡萄牙埃什特雷拉山區的大型牲畜護衛犬。




墨西哥狼(Canis lupus baileyi)是狼的最為稀少及遺傳上較疏離的亞種,分佈在北美洲。


大丹犬(英語:Great Dane),也稱做大丹狗、德國獒(德語:Deutsche Dogge)。被人們視為世界犬中的阿波羅,產於德國,歷史可追溯至愛爾蘭獵狼犬和古代英國獒。儘管在有些地方大丹犬被稱為“丹麥獵犬”,但是它們並非來自丹麥或在丹麥被馴化。該狗聰明、勇敢,忠於主人,體高達70釐米以上,體重45公斤以上。牠是犬中鬥士,易於訓練,可飼養成能力強且服從命令的警衛犬。


比利牛斯山犬(法語:Chien de montagne des Pyrénées),一般称作大白熊犬(英語:Great Pyrenees),或简称大白熊,是一种大型犬类。主要用作守护犬、救助犬和伴侣犬。大白熊犬是一种历史悠久的犬类,已被牧羊人使用了数百年。大白熊犬最早在1407年被详细的描述,并于1675年被法国贵族所喜爱。 在19世纪初,有一个位于山区乡镇的繁荣犬类市场将该狗带到了法国其他地区。


大麥町(克羅埃西亞語:Dalmatinac, Dalmatiner,英語:Dalmatian),又譯達爾馬西亞狗或斑點狗,是狗的品種之一。 在兽医学中,大麥町狗主要排泄尿酸,而不是尿素,原因是其尿酸循环中一个转换酶的基因坏了。因此,大麥町有較高的腎臟石風險,常常發生於十歲以上的狗,尤其是公狗。




威尔士㹴(英文: Welsh Terrier)是一种来自英国的狗品种。它们原用来打猎狐狸,鼠类动物和獾,在上个世纪主要被用来参賽。虽然威尔士梗有了一个新用途,但是它们还有原有的坚固的性格,所以需要嚴紧的训练。威尔士梗来自威尔士,可能是英国最古老的犬种之一。


富國狗(越南語:Chó Phú Quốc/㹥富國),名字源於越南富國島,為越南的國狗。品種的特色有二:(1)背脊長有一列倒生的剛毛;(2)腳趾間長有薄膜,善於游泳。雖然未獲世界犬業聯盟確認牠的品種標準,但性格普遍忠心梗直,而且肌肉相當發達。


尋血獵犬(Bloodhound)是一種大型嗅觉獵犬。 尋血獵犬最初以狩獵鹿和野豬為繁殖目的,而且從中世紀起還用於跟踪人類,現在大部分專門用於跟蹤。尋血獵犬是聖休伯特在比利時飼養獵犬的後裔。 尋血獵犬以辨別人體氣味而著名,甚至在幾天,或很遠的距離,也可以跨越水澤。尋血獵犬有異常敏銳的嗅覺,加上強大和頑強的跟踪本能。


小獵犬(英語:Beagle),又稱獵兔犬、小獵兔犬,也音譯為米格魯、比格犬,是一種小型至中型的犬種。在分類上屬於獵犬,它的外觀近似獵狐犬,但是體形較小。 小獵犬最早用於狩獵,現今在世界各地受到許多人的歡迎,被當成家庭寵物。美國漫畫《花生漫畫》中的主角史努比,被認為可能是全世界最出名的虛構小獵犬。


峡谷㹴(愛爾蘭語:Brocaire Uí Mháil)是㹴類犬的品種和四個愛爾蘭獵犬品種之一。它有時被稱為愛爾蘭峡谷㹴或威克洛㹴,愛好者通常短叫格倫。 属于小型犬的一種,毛发长度中等,力量较大。身体的长度比例大于高度。




巴吉度獵犬(法語:Basset hound)是一種短腿的犬種,屬於獵犬家族。 法國巴吉度獵犬以狩獵兔和野兔為目的。巴吉度獵犬嗅覺跟踪能力僅次於血𤟥,常被當成警犬來訓練。共有6種獲認可的法國巴吉度獵犬。其外型像是大一號的小獵犬(米格魯)。




巴西㹴(英語:Brazilian Terrier, Fox Paulistinha),是一种巴西特有的㹴犬。其很可能是来自其他种类的猎狐㹴的选育品种。


希腊猎犬(英语:Greek Harehound),是一种来自希腊的罕见狗品种。它是一种猎犬,被用来狩猎野兔,毛色是黑色和黄棕褐色的。


德國牧羊犬(德語:Deutscher Schäferhund;英語:German Shepherd),是狗的一个品種,1977年才正式確定命名為德國牧羊犬,故各地命名迥異,中文語境下常稱為德國狼犬或德國狼狗。德国牧羊犬在所有犬类的智商排名中排行第三。牠們敏捷且适合活动的工作環境,經常被部署各種任務,例如警察、護衛、搜索及拯援和軍事,牠們也為盲者做導盲犬的工作;因台灣在日治時期大量使用德國牧羊犬為軍犬,所以德國牧羊犬在台灣使用的台語名稱為“軍用犬”。 德国牧羊犬原产於德国。於1880年,德国牧羊犬已经在德国各地固定下来,并作为牧羊犬使用。在第一次世界大战期间被德军募集,作为军犬随军。由德军取长补短培育后,基本定型。因为体型高大,外观威猛,并且具备極强的工作能力,因此在世界多處范围以警犬、搜救犬、导盲犬、牧羊犬、观赏犬以及家养宠物犬等身份活跃。 目前常见的德国牧羊犬有经过进一步改良的“西德德牧”以及较为原始的“东德德牧”。两者体型有显著区别,“西德德牧”为加强其观赏性,因此背部背弓弧度较“东德德牧”大。通常比较常见的为“西德德牧”。


愛爾蘭獵狼犬(愛爾蘭語:Cú Faoil,爱尔兰语发音:[ˈkuː ˈfˠiːlʲ],英語:Irish Wolfhound)源自愛爾蘭的犬種,馴養做為打獵用。名字起源於馴養的目的(猎狼)而不是外表。 這種狗是世界上最高的狗。


拉布拉多犬或稱拉布拉多拾獵犬(簡稱拉布拉多;英語:Labrador Retriever)是一種中大型犬類,天生個性溫和、活潑、沒有攻擊性和智商高,是適合被選作導盲犬或其他工作犬的狗品種,跟黃金獵犬、哈士奇並列三大低攻擊性犬類之一。在美國犬業俱樂部中拉布拉多是目前登記數量最多的品種。




拉薩犬是一種原產於西藏的小型犬,依據目前對國際間拉薩犬血統規範最完整的美國犬之俱樂部設定,雄性拉薩犬一般身高約為26-27公分(厘米),重約6.4至8.2公斤;雌性略小,體重在5.4至6.4公斤之間。 品種標準要求深褐色的眼睛和黑色的鼻子,淺褐色的則有深棕色的鼻子。毛的質地濃密、厚重,非常緻密。 他們有各種各樣的顏色,包括黑色,白色,褐色、磚色和金黃色等。尾巴完整往背部倒捲。一般說法此犬種是由拉萨的喇嘛寺所豢養、培育,專屬於布達拉宮中達賴喇嘛專屬的珍貴犬種,然而在更早的歷史上,此種犬隻已存在王藩之中,因為一直屬於禁宮國寶,因此直到19世紀末葉,甚至20世紀初期,這種狗對西藏當地一般民間來說仍非常神秘。


拳師狗(英語:Boxer)源自德國,屬於獒犬的一種,十九世紀中由德國鬥牛犬(德語:Bullenbeißer)(現已滅絕)和英國鬥牛犬混種而成。德國鬥牛犬主要作為工作犬。原本用於狩獵野豬、熊和牧牛工作,牠們有不同的類型、大小、毛色。 拳師犬俱樂部成立於1896年,在1895年的慕尼黑的犬展首次出現。首個標準建立於1902年。牠的英文名稱boxer來源,有不同的講法,但沒有一個可以確定。在第一次世界大戰,被作為軍犬用途,戰後亦担當警犬及導盲犬工作。拳師犬是一種友善、愛玩樂的犬種,牠服從性強,聰明,對兒童甚為愛謢。




鬥牛犬(英語:Bulldog)係一種哺乳類動物,係一中型犬種,又名老虎狗、牛頭犬,鬥牛犬一詞通常被用來稱呼英國鬥牛犬(English Bulldog 或 British Bulldog),其餘鬥牛犬種包含美國鬥牛犬(American Bulldog)、古英國鬥牛犬(Old English Bulldog)、勒維特鬥牛犬(Leavitt Bulldog)、復刻版英國鬥牛犬(Olde English Bulldogge)以及法國鬥牛犬(French Bulldog)等。 其中古英國鬥牛犬因鬥牛活動被禁止後已經滅絕;復刻版英國鬥牛犬則係由育種者於近四十餘年前起針對鬥牛犬過多遺傳疾病改良之品種,其外貌與古英國鬥牛犬近似,然性情溫和友善且健康狀況遠優於鬥牛犬;而勒維特鬥牛犬與復刻版英國鬥牛犬皆屬育種者大衛·勒維特(David Leavitt)之傑作,但他認為復刻版的後代中多數已經逐漸流失了他當初培育的品質,所以另外以自己的姓氏命名之,其血統組成包含1/2的英國鬥牛犬、1/6的美國鬥牛犬、1/6的比特犬(American Pit Bull Terrier)以及1/6的鬥牛獒犬(Bullmastiff)。 鬥牛犬係源於英國之犬品種,其犬種特徵為肌肉發達、體態穩重、臉部有皺褶、獨特的扁鼻,雄性成犬一般約23-25公斤,雌性成犬則約18-23公斤,肩高30-40厘米。英國的鬥牛犬種標準中,雄性成犬重約23公斤,雌性成犬則約18公斤;美國的鬥牛犬種標準,前者約20-25公斤,後者則約20公斤。美國畜犬協會則建議鬥牛犬體重平均應該在18-23公斤。 美國犬業俱樂部(AKC)的統計數據表明,2009年時鬥牛犬是全美第7受歡迎的品種犬,到了2013年攀升至第5,2016年位列第4。


斯凱㹴(Skye Terrier)是一個犬種,耐寒㹴和養犬俱樂部「最瀕危的英國本土犬種」中之一。


斯塔比嚎犬(英文:Stabyhoun)是一种来自荷兰的罕有狗品种。它们英文名字的第一部分因该来自荷兰语 "sta me bij",名字后面来自"hoon",指狗的意思。现在,世界上有大约三千五百只斯塔比嚎犬。


斯塔福郡鬥牛㹴(英: Staffordshire Bull Terrier,非正式:Staffie, Stafford, Staffy or Staff)﹔有時與比特鬥牛㹴等歸納為比特犬的一種,是一個中型的短塗層品種犬這是一個英格蘭狗,第五個最流行的品種。


新斯科舍诱鸭寻回犬(英語:Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever,简称为Toller)是一种中型猎犬,得名于它的原产地加拿大新斯科舍省。新斯科舍诱鸭寻回犬是体型最小的寻回犬,样子有点像金毛寻回犬,性格聪明活泼。。


狆(日语:狆,英語:Japanese Chin)是原產於日本的一種小型犬。頭大、寬且平。鼻子寬而且短,鼻樑明顯,鼻子與眼睛在一個水平線上,黑亮的眼睛大又圓,隔著鼻子相對應。兩隻三角形的耳朵,披著長長的毛髮對稱。 地垂落著,展示著仲狗的美麗與可愛。此種狗身體呈方形,頸短、上仰,背短且直,被毛豐富、長又直,如絲質般下垂。 西元732年,朝鮮王室將日本狆的祖先(中國的拉薩犬)送到日本宮庭,後來這種犬在日本繁衍。在19世紀時。此種狗出口到美國和英格蘭,經過育種家多年的繁育,目前分佈較廣。日本狆姿態優雅,步態輕盈有彈性。性格堅韌、活潑、機警,有些鬧。忠於主人,不信任陌生人。


日本狼(學名:Canis lupus hodophilax)又稱 本州狼,是一個已滅絕的狼亞種,曾分佈於日本本州島、四國島和九州島,因被人類大量獵殺而在 1905 年滅絕,據信為體型最小的狼之一。其學名轉化自希腊文单词 Hodos(道路)和 phylax(保衛者),來源於日本民間傳說,在傳說中狼被描繪成了旅行者的守護神。 本州狼是生活在日本的兩個狼亞種之一,另一個亞種為北海道狼,分佈於北海道等地,早在 1889 年便已滅絕。


杜賓犬(德語:Dobermann,英語:Doberman Pinscher),是原產於德國的一種中大型犬,大約在1890年由Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann所培育出來。是最常被用來作為軍事用途的軍犬。


柴犬(日语:柴犬/しばいぬ,學名:Canis lupus familiaris),日本犬種之一。屬於小型犬種。柴犬於1936年(昭和11年)12月16日被指定為日本的天然紀念物(指定了六種日本犬種的其中一個),亦是現存六種日本犬中其中一種小型犬。根據日本犬保存會,日本境內飼養的日本犬種裡,約有八成為柴犬。


格陵蘭犬(英文:Greenland Dog,別名格陵蘭哈士奇,Greenland Husky)是一種大型的哈士奇犬,主要作為一種用於狩獵北極熊和海豹的雪橇犬。 這種古老的犬種相信是第一批來到格陵蘭的因紐特人帶來的狗的後代。






比利時瑪連萊犬,是比利时牧羊犬四个类型中唯一短毛的一种,是久负盛名的古老品种,发源于比利时北部城市梅赫倫附近,由比利时兽医学院费比特兄弟于1891年选育成功。在美国及北美洲普遍把该类型犬当作一个品种看待。 瑪連萊犬由于具有服从性好、兴奋持久、警觉性高、嗅觉灵敏、胆大凶猛、攻击力强、探求反射特出、衔取欲望高、弹跳力好等突出的警用性能。在欧洲的法国、荷兰、比利时等国马里努阿犬占到警犬总数的60%一70%,广泛应用于追踪、缉毒、警戒、安检、护卫、押解等,在美国被普遍用于搜索、护卫等。就是在德国牧羊犬的故乡德国也大量使用瑪連萊犬,打破了德国牧羊犬垄断工作犬天下的局面。


比熊犬(法語:Bichon Frisé,bichon à poil frisé,意指「白色捲毛的玩賞用小狗」)是一種小型犬品種。外表類似於馬爾濟斯。牠們鮮少自然脫毛,因此毛髮需要整理。顏色一般是白色。


中國沙皮狗分為兩種型態:傳統中國沙皮犬(骨嘴)、混血型沙皮狗(肉嘴)。傳統中國沙皮犬 起源於中國南方,可追溯至漢代,有二千多年的歷史。在發掘一些漢代時期的墓穴,經常都會發現類似傳統中國沙皮犬型態的陶俑(陶犬)出現,在1920年代的廣東被人用作鬥狗,1949年后,傳至澳門,其後再引入香港。 1960年代因鬥狗活動需求,混入拳師犬、鬥牛犬、鬥牛獒、鬥牛㹴,變成為肉嘴型態,1970年代,以中國鬥狗名稱傳至美國。肉嘴型態的沙皮狗多年來被人們誤解為正宗中國沙皮狗。兩種沙皮狗的型態区别為:傳統中國沙皮犬——身型輕巧,靈活,嘴部堅實,沒有多餘皮肉;肉嘴型——皺皮佈滿頭部,嘴部皮肉厚重,形似河馬,體型肥厚。 肉嘴沙皮狗是一种宠物狗,最大特点是皮有深深的褶皱。其名字“沙皮”不是因为其颜色,而是主要特点。当它们还小的时候,褶皱确实很多,可是长大后就消失了,似乎是身体“长到皮裡去了”。这种狗直到1991年才列入美国犬业俱乐部。


法國鬥牛犬(英語:French Bulldog,法語:bouledogue français,别名bouledogue)是一種小型犬種。直接來源於1800年代英國進口的鬥牛犬與巴黎本地的小型犬交配產生的後代。




波士顿㹴,属于㹴犬的一种,源于美国波士顿,自1893年被美国犬业俱乐部(American Kennel Club,下文简称AKC)承认,属于非运动犬。 颜色和标记是区分该品种和鉴定AKC标准的先决条件。它们的毛色应是黑、海豹色或有白色斑纹的。波士顿㹴个体隶属于中型犬,有一条短尾巴和竖立的耳朵。AKC的资料显示它们非常聪明,易于接受训练。友好但时而固执。尽管其少数能活到十几岁,但平均寿命仍为11至13岁。起初波士顿㹴是被当作捕鼠犬和伴侣犬的,但如今主要作为玩赏犬。在生物分类法中隶属犬科。AKC于2016年将波士顿㹴列为21大最受欢迎的犬种。




波蘭低地牧羊犬(英語:Polish Lowland Sheepdog)是牧羊犬的其中一種。波蘭低地牧羊犬原產於波蘭,其祖先是一千多年前帶到歐洲的亞洲犬,在二次大戰期間,波蘭成為了德國和俄國的戰場,因此波蘭低地牧羊犬曾經面臨絕跡,後來在繁殖家手上重新活躍起來。波蘭低地牧羊犬整體肌肉發達,皮毛濃密且呈略微的波浪狀。波蘭低地牧羊犬個性活躍、警戒心強,適合擔當守護犬。


流浪犬(英語:Stray dogs),又稱自由流浪犬(英語:Free-roaming dogs)、自由活動犬(英語:Free-ranging dogs)、街犬(英語:Street dogs)、野狗。泛指沒有被直接管理、活動不受限制的犬隻,其生存和活動場域可以是都市、鄉間或山區。造成流浪犬現象的主因包括飼主放養、流浪犬之間交配繁殖、惡意棄養、家犬走失等等。因此,流浪犬本身並不是根據其是否有明確飼主來定義的,而是由其活動是否被限制或管領來定義。


潘布魯克威爾斯柯基犬是兩種威爾斯柯基犬品種之一。 這些畜牧犬被認為是維京人帶來威爾斯的瑞典牧羊犬(Swedish Vallhund)的後代。 柯基在威爾斯語中是矮犬的意思。


澳洲牧羊犬(Australian Shepherd),是一種原產地在美國的牧羊犬、工作犬。


澳洲絲毛㹴(Australian Silky Terrier)是一種㹴犬。


澳洲野犬(學名:Canis lupus dingo)或丁格犬(英語:dingo)是一群史前已经野化的犬,是狼的次级亚种,可能源自伊朗狼(Canis lupus pallipes),尽管叫做澳洲野犬,但其分布並不限於澳大利亞,也不是澳大利亞的原生物種。


愛爾蘭㹴(愛爾蘭語:An Madra Gearr)是愛爾蘭㹴的許多品種之一。愛爾蘭梗被認為是最古老的㹴品種之一。在1873年都柏林狗展是第一個為愛爾蘭㹴提供了一個單獨的類別。由19世紀80年代,是愛爾蘭獵犬中第四大最流行的品種在愛爾蘭和英國。 愛爾蘭㹴是適合生活在農村和城市環境的狗。其身体轮廓呈方便奔跑的流线形。


斗牛㹴(英語:Bull Terrier),又稱牛頭㹴、布爹利,㹴犬的一种,起源于19世纪的英国,是由当时的牛头犬与梗犬交配得到的品种。其生性好動,會忠實執行指令,但較不知節制與退縮,加上體格較強壯,常被誤會為好鬥、兇惡之犬種,不過只要施以正確的訓練,其能力便能對人帶來很大的幫助。


牲畜護衛犬(英語:Livestock guardian dog,縮寫為LGD),一種狗品種的分類法,這種狗是牲畜的護衛犬,用來協助放牧,保護牲畜不被掠食者捕食。它們會整天與它們要保護的牲畜住在一起。一般常見的牧羊犬主要被使用於將牲畜聚集在一起,導引到某個方向;而牲畜護衛犬的體形通常更大,與牲畜混居在一起,隨時注意入侵者。在發現掠食者時,牲畜護衛犬會用聲音示警,並表現出更高的攻擊性,驅趕掠食者,以保護牲畜。


北京狗又稱狮子狗(英語:Pekingese),是一种小型的宠物狗,来自中国,是很受人喜爱的贵族宠物。它天性活泼,驯养它使一些人获得乐趣,在灯下它的眼睛闪闪发亮。 中国人也叫它们为福狗,许多艺术作品里描画它们,受到广泛的推崇。古代中國由於不出產真正的獅子,該種狗又近似西方敘述中的獅子,因此工匠就依照北京狗的樣貌製作石獅子及醒獅,所以被认为是守护神。

狼(學名:Canis lupus),或稱為灰狼,哺乳綱,犬科,在生物學上與狗為同一物種,為現生犬科動物中體型最大的物種。狼這個物種曾是地球上分佈地區最廣的哺乳動物,包括北美和歐亞大陸,但如今在西歐、墨西哥與美國大部份地區已然絕跡。它們主要棲息在荒野或偏遠地區,但並不限於此。由於人類厌恶狼對豢養牲畜不顧一切的獵捕行為、以及害怕被狼攻擊的恐懼、棲息地大量的破壞,其棲息地已經縮減了三分之一。 目前,狼主要分佈於亞洲、歐洲、北美和中東(主要是北半球的溫帶區域)。它們是生態系統原有的一部分,各地不同生態系統的多樣性,反映了狼這個物種的適應能力。這其中包括而不限於森林、沙漠、山地、寒帶草原、西伯利亞針葉林、草地。 雖然就整個物種而言,狼被世界自然保護聯盟列為絕種威脅程度最小的等級,然而在某些地區,不同亞種的狼被列為瀕臨絕種或是受絕種威脅的動物。現今在很多地區,狼仍然因為活動或是被視為對牲口威脅的原因,而遭受捕獵。 狼是社會性的獵食動物,狼群以核心家庭的形式組成,包括一對配偶、及其子女,有時也包括收養的未成年幼狼。狼屬於典型的食物鏈上層掠食者。在它們的棲息地中,只有人類和老虎對它們構成實質威脅。它們通常群體行動,由於狼會捕食羊等家畜,因此直到20世紀末期前都被人類大量捕殺,一些亞種如日本狼、紐芬蘭狼等都已經絕種,雖然有一些其它亞種已經確認,但亞種的確切數量仍舊未定。


珍島犬(韓語:진도 개),為南韓的國犬,亦被北韓列為國寶。因南韓全羅南道珍島郡之上的特殊地理環境,交通不易並且沒有其他外來種的入侵,而被保存下來的一純種犬種,並於2005年獲英國育犬協會的正式登記,列入了世界級名犬的行列。




秋田犬(日语:秋田犬/あきたいぬ/アキタイヌ Akita Inu *),原稱「大館犬」,是日本犬的一種,是國家天然紀念物之六種日本犬中唯一的大型犬種。在日本,送秋田犬的雕像、圖片代表著「祝你早日康復」。在日本是以對飼主忠誠聞名的家庭寵物犬,日本知名的忠犬八公即為秋田犬。






約克夏㹴(約瑟爹利,Yorkshire Terrier),是小型的玩賞狗的一種。個性聰明又自信、警覺性高和友善之外又帶點固執,一般都喜愛撒嬌。由於行走時雙腳會被華麗的長毛遮蓋,就好像在自然移動一樣,所以有著「會動的寶石」的美譽。


The Silken Windhound is an American breed of sighthound.


纽芬兰犬(英語:Newfoundland)是一种大型工作犬,被毛厚直,颜色为黑色、棕色、米黄色、白底黑斑和灰色(罕见)。在其原产国加拿大,只有黑色、白色或黑白被认为是正统颜色。它们最初被用于纽芬兰省渔民的工作犬。 它们体型巨大,聪明,力量惊人,性格冷静和忠诚。它们的肌肉结实,有双层被毛,脚掌宽阔,并天生会游泳,非常擅长水中救援工作。俄罗斯总统普京曾把其作为礼物,送给一名10岁女孩。




美國卡可狗,又称可卡獚、斗鸡獚、斗鸡犬、可卡猎鹬犬、小猎犬、可卡长毛猎犬等,香港稱作美國曲架。它擅长惊起或寻回鸟类等猎物。 在英语中,原名“Spaniel”,意为长毛猎犬;因善猎山雉,又取名“Cocker”,意为猎雉犬。


美國愛斯基摩犬(英語:American Eskimo Dog)是一种来自德国的玩赏犬犬种。虽然美國愛斯基摩犬这个名称有“美国”这两个字,但其实这种狗起源于北欧。美國愛斯基摩犬的祖先是德国绒毛犬,而这种狗在世界大战一时被名为美國愛斯基摩犬。美國愛斯基摩犬根据身形被分为三种:玩具犬,小型犬和标准犬。他们长着白色的毛,外貌和银狐犬和萨摩耶犬十分类似。


美國比特鬥牛㹴(英語:American Pit Bull Terrier,縮寫為 APBT,簡稱比特鬥牛㹴),一種中型犬,身材健壯、短毛,為比特犬的一種,祖先來自英格蘭與愛爾蘭。它具備獒犬的血統,跟美國斯塔福郡鬥牛㹴擁有共同起源。










苔原狼(学名:Canis lupus albus)是狼的一个亚种,分布于欧亚大陆北部的苔原及丛林地带。体型较大。雄性体长118-137厘米,重40-49公斤;雌性体长112-136厘米,重36.6-41公斤。毛发稠密,毛色较浅,灰色或银灰色。


英国可卡犬是猎犬的一个品种。英国可卡犬是一种活跃的、和蔼的猎犬,有着很好的身材和马肩隆。 英国可卡犬分为“工作”犬和“展示”犬。它是猎犬品种之一,在某种程度上和他的美国表亲美国可卡犬很相似,不过实际上它和田野猎犬和史宾格犬关系更近。 在美国以外的地区,该品种一般都被简称为可卡犬,在美国就是美国可卡犬。“可卡”(Cocker)一词源于其经常被用作捕猎丘鹬(英文:woodcock)。


英國古代牧羊犬(英語:Old English Sheepdog)是一種以放牧家畜和寵物為目的而培育的犬種。英國古代牧羊犬的特徵是灰白的長毛和頭上蓋眼的毛髮。 幼犬出生時的全身覆蓋著熊貓般的純黑和純白色短毛,只有在退去幼毛之後,銀灰色的長毛才會出現。若在法律允許的國家,通常古代牧羊犬的尾巴,會在幼犬時於第一個尾關節處切斷。這種手續會產生類似熊貓的尾部,英文稱作bobbing 或 docking。因為許多國家禁止這種習慣的關係,沒有斷尾的古代牧羊犬,反而越來越常見。目前英國養狗俱樂部並不鼓勵合法切除古代牧羊犬的尾巴,只規定參展犬才需要斷尾。


英國獒犬(英語:English Mastiff),簡稱馬士提夫(英語:Mastiff),原產於英格蘭,是Alaunt的後代,血緣最早可以追縮到羅馬獒犬,它與聖伯納犬及紐芬蘭犬的血緣很近。英國獒犬体型巨大;雄性高大魁梧,雌性匀称坚实。


蓝色匹卡迪档猎犬(英文:Blue Picardy Spaniel)是一种来自法国的河索姆河口地区的獚,起源于20世纪初。它们是皮卡迪獚和英国雪达犬的后代。蓝色匹卡迪档猎犬吠叫比较少,适合家庭饲养。它们体力高,需要定期运动。和皮卡迪獚一样,蓝色匹卡迪档猎犬的毛色很特别。这犬品种只被少数的养犬俱乐部认可,在法国和加拿大比较常见。


薩哈林哈士奇(英語:Sakhalin Husky,俄語:Сахалинский хаски),又稱庫頁犬或樺太犬(日语:樺太犬/からふとけん Karafuto-ken)是原產自俄羅斯庫頁島(薩哈林島)和千島群島的狗種,是當地住民用於雪橇犬及獵犬的犬種。1910-1912年,以日本人白瀨矗為隊長的南極探檢隊、戰後的南極地域觀測隊第一次越冬隊所採用的雪橇犬品種而有名,也是因太郎與次郎而有名的狗種。


薩摩耶犬(英語:Samoyed)是狐狸犬、雪橇犬家族的一員,原是西伯利亞的原住民薩摩耶族培育出的犬種。因看起來永遠在笑的樣子又喜歡親近人,而被稱為「微笑天使」。 除了溫和的個性也以忍耐力跟健壯著稱,原是用來拉雪橇跟看守馴鹿,也曾被西方探險家用來從事極地探險的任務。 原有多種毛色,黑、黑白、黑褐,但十九世紀時毛皮商人認為白色會最受歡迎而大量輸出白薩摩耶犬到歐美。今日所見的純種薩摩耶犬多是白色系。


薩路基獵犬起源於東非的一種狗的品種,毛細而長,有種高雅的感覺。是狗種中最早被人類所飼養的品種之一,可以追溯到西元前2000多年前的埃及。 在歷史上,中國皇帝也曾飼養過此種犬種,宣德皇帝在1398-1435年間所飼養過,在12世紀左右引入歐洲。 薩路基獵犬的跑步速度極快,也常被當作為是狩獵的夥伴。 有別於其他犬種被視為不潔之物,薩路基獵犬在伊斯蘭教國家奉為神賞賜的聖物,即中東地區唯一尊寵。


藏獒(藏语:འདོགས་ཁྱི,威利:'dogs khyi,意为拴系的犬,或藏语:འབྲོག་ཁྱི,威利:'brog khyi,意为高原牧犬,英語:Tibetan Mastiff),又称藏獒犬、松藩狗、苍猊犬、雪山獅子。


蘭西爾犬是歐亞大陸的長毛犬品種之一。屬於工作犬,常在搜救工作中看到。 很多育犬协会认为“兰西尔犬”只是纽芬兰犬一个简单的(有)黑白(皮毛的)变种。但世界犬业联盟(FCI)将其识别为一个独立品种。




西伯利亚平原狼(Canis lupus campestris)是分布于西至伏尔加、高加索,东至哈萨克的个狼种。在阿富汗、伊朗、罗马尼亚、匈牙利也有分布。它體型要比草原狼還要小,毛少、糙而短。


西伯利亚哈士奇(俄語:Сибирский хаски,Sibirskiy haski,英語:Siberian husky)是一种原产于西伯利亚东部的工作犬,常見別名哈士奇。西伯利亚哈士奇体重介于25~55磅(16~27kg)之间,身高大约20~23.5英寸(51~60cm),是一种中型犬。 由于有着能在北极严寒环境中繁衍生息的能力,西伯利亚哈士奇是一种适应力很强的犬种。它们最早是由西伯利亚东部的楚科奇族部落居民饲养,用于狩猎驯鹿,拖曳雪橇或者照顾幼儿使孩子们远离寒冷。


西施犬(英語:Shih Tzu)(原稱:獅子狗)是原產西藏的拉薩犬(Lhasa Apso, 西藏獅子狗) 與中國宮廷內犬種混合所產生之混合種,兩者常被混淆,即使在美國犬之協會對於血統介定之後,在民間仍時常被混淆。混稱或誤稱的原因就在於其原本近似的外觀,也就是獅子般的長毛外貌。 獅子狗原種為拉薩犬,早先為西藏喇嘛教僧侶豢養於寺中,作為警示犬用,後進貢至中國宮廷,亦稱獅子狗,又與宮內另一種長毛短鼻小白狗(北京狗)的犬種混合,後代與原種兩者外型頗多類似,常被混淆,都稱成為獅子狗。因此,「西施」雖為中文漢語,但其實並非此犬種原來之中文漢語名,漢語原稱應為「獅子狗」。西方人將「獅子」漢語以威妥瑪羅馬字音拼寫,為 Shih Tzu, 原即為漢音「獅子」,戰後多年,此犬種再由外國引進自台灣時,或因繁殖者背景,或因行銷商業因素,被譯做「西施」。西施犬的身高都在27公分以下,體重為4公斤至7公斤。


西藏㹴(Tibetan Terrier)是一种中等体格的犬种,原产自中国西藏。尽管名为㹴犬,但它并非㹴犬组的成员。该犬种因与已知的㹴犬相似而被欧洲的发现者命名为西藏㹴犬。这个犬种的西藏名字是Tsang Apso,大致翻译为“产于乌思藏("Tsang")的有杂毛和胡须 ("apso") 的犬”。一些年迈的旅行者称这只犬为Dokhi Apso或“户外的”Apso,指的是生活在户外的毛茸茸的或有胡须的此类工作犬。其在生物分类法中隶属犬科。


西高地白梗(英語:West Highland White Terrier),㹴犬的一种,知名饲养犬种,因其独具特色的白色体毛闻名。其原产于苏格兰,最初被用于协助捕猎狐狸和獾。 该品种曾被作为“白+黑”牌苏格兰威士忌和西莎牌狗粮的吉祥物 和多种商标。


诺福克梗(英語:Norfolk Terrier)是一种来自英国的犬种。诺福克梗在1960年前同诺维奇梗被当为同一种狗。诺福克梗的耳朵向下而诺维奇梗的耳朵是向上的。两种梗的身形都很小。




邊境牧羊犬(英語:Border Collie)是一種原產自蘇格蘭的牧羊犬,主要協助農場放牧,懂得用眼神控制羊群,是最普遍的蘇格蘭牧羊犬犬種。邊境牧羊犬以精力旺盛,體格精實且容易學習雜技運動而聞名,可是有時候太過興奮會產生一些神經質。他們被學界認為是最聰明的犬種。智商大約等同六、七歲幼童的智商,所以在犬類競技與牧羊犬競賽中往往表現亮眼,佔有優勢。根據2011年1月的媒體報導,有一隻邊境牧羊犬能夠大略了解1,022個人類字彙,並能根據這些命令做出正確的反應與動作。


迦南犬(Canaan dog )為一種中東地區的原始犬種,曾於該地銷聲匿跡數千年之久。現在為數不多,約莫2000至3000隻,目前多數豢養的迦南犬分布於北美地區及歐洲地區。在原產地則廣泛分佈於西奈半島到敘利亞的南黎凡特地區。 迦南犬最早是由以色列畜犬協會(Israel Kennel Club )於1953年正式承認為一犬種(同時他們也承認此犬為以色列國犬),後被世界畜犬協會(FCI)於1966年認可。 1986年第一批迦南犬由以色列的Sha'ar Hagai 犬舍帶至芬蘭。現在被世上多數畜犬協會認可,也被帶至許多國家進行培育。現在迦南犬在美國、加拿大、英國、芬蘭、德國、以色列、法國皆有成立俱樂部。


迷你美國牧羊犬(Miniature American Shepherd,縮寫MAS),是一種小型牧羊犬。該品種聰明而且順從,經常訓練從事各種狗類運動,例如放牧比賽、犬障礙賽、服從比賽、犬類自由舞蹈賽、飛球比賽等。 迷你美國牧羊犬就像一隻小型澳洲牧羊犬。儘管身形嬌小,但他們是聰明、自發性的工作犬,以及對馬有親和力的忠誠而活潑的伴侶犬。


迷你雪納瑞(英語:Miniature Schnauzer,又稱迷你史納莎)是雪納瑞家族中的小型犬種,於19世紀中後期產於德國。迷你雪納瑞是由標準雪納瑞和許多小型犬,包括貴賓犬 、迷你杜賓犬或是艾芬篤賓犬配種衍生而來。


边境㹴(英語:Border Terrier)是一种来自英国的㹴犬,体型细小,成犬身高(至肩膊)28-41厘米,重5.2-7.0公斤,與丹迪丁蒙㹴和貝林登㹴有共同祖先。


郊狼(学名:Canis latrans),也叫草原狼、丛林狼、北美小狼,是犬科犬属的一种,与狼是近亲。郊狼产于北美大陆的广大地区,北起阿拉斯加、南到巴拿马。欧洲探险家最初是在美国西南部发现这种动物。郊狼一般单独猎食,偶尔也会组成小型的群体。平均寿命为6-10年。郊狼在其大小、颜色和头部形状都十分相似濒危的红狼。 其英文coyote一詞來自中美洲阿茲特克等部族所用的納瓦特爾語單詞coyōtl,后經西班牙語傳入到英語。 尽管受到广泛的捕猎,郊狼是少数在人类迁入后,种群数量扩大的大中型动物之一,这一点与浣熊类似。起初郊狼只分布在北美的西半部,但由于人类活动的影响,它们從19世紀初開始扩大分布范围;现在在加利福尼亚、俄勒冈、新英格兰和加拿大东部都十分常见。


金毛尋回犬(英語:Golden Retriever)是比较现代且十分流行的狗的品种。牠是作为用来在猎捕野禽的寻回犬而培养出来的一種單獵犬,游泳的續航力極佳。現今,牠是最常见的家犬之一,因为金毛尋回犬很容易养、有耐心,对主人要求亦不多,只要定期的运动,食物和兽医体检就可以了。金毛尋回犬的独特之处在于它讨人喜欢的性格。


日本狐狸犬(英語:Japanese Spitz),通稱狐狸犬、白狐狸犬、银狐犬,是一种屬於日本犬的小至中形狐狸犬(Spitz)之犬种,通常做為玩賞犬。世界不同的養犬俱樂部对银狐犬的大小有不同的要求,但银狐犬一定要比博美犬大。银狐犬在1920年和1930年开始被繁殖,现时被世界各国的養犬俱樂部认可。银狐犬却得不到美国養犬俱樂部的认可,由於外貌和白色博美犬,美國愛斯基摩犬和薩摩耶犬太类似。此种狗历史不长,為相當新的品種,但由于良好的性格和其他因素变得越来越受歡迎的流行品種。 银狐犬主要的健康问题包括膝盖骨脱臼,而其他健康问题包括泪水过多。银狐犬可以作为看门狗,同时也是一种玩賞犬,喜欢陪伴着家里的人。虽然银狐犬的毛好像很多,但其实主人不需要花那么多时间是梳洗狗只,因为污垢不会粘到毛层。


阿富汗獵狗(英語:Afghan Hound)是一種獵犬,也是最古老的狗品種之一。阿富汗獵狗外表厚實,臉型、身形修長,毛細膩而柔滑,它的尾巴在最後一環捲曲。 阿富汗獵狗生存於伊朗,阿富汗東部的寒冷山上,最初是用來狩獵野兔和瞪羚。其他名稱包含巴爾赫塔子庫奇獵犬,獵犬,俾路支獵犬,喀布爾獵犬,或非洲獵犬等。


阿扎瓦克犬(英文:Azawakh) 出众的运动员外貌,异乎寻常的速度,能够达到每小时64公里,而且耐力相当强。这种沙漠灵提狩猎时不会将猎物杀死,而是使猎物受重伤,这是因为,死猎物在灼热的阳光下很快会变质。




阿拉斯加雪橇犬(英語:Alaskan Malamute)又稱阿拉斯加馬拉穆,是最古老的雪橇犬之一。这种犬与同在阿拉斯加的其它犬种不同,四肢强壮有力,培育它的目的是为了耐力而不是速度,因而它们的主要用途是拉雪橇。阿拉斯加雪橇犬有时候会被误认为西伯利亚雪橇犬,这是由于这两者的颜色和条纹相似,但实际上两者在大小、结构和特性等方面完全不同。作为宠物,阿拉斯加雪橇犬一旦成熟后有着非常安静、高雅的气质,而且它们忠于主人。它的名字来自爱斯基摩人的伊努伊特族的一个叫做马拉谬特的部落,这个部落生活在北美阿拉斯加西部一个叫做扣赞伯(Kotzebue)的岸边。欧洲人到来之前,最早发现此地的俄国人是在白令海峡航行时被风暴吹到这块西伯利亚北部的土地的。水兵们返回俄国之后,就把他们在这里印象深刻的事情告诉了其他的俄国人,这当然包括了这里的特色——阿拉斯加雪橇犬。


阿根廷杜告犬(西班牙語:Dogo Argentino),又名阿根廷獒或阿根廷杜高犬,其拉丁名DOGO在西班牙語中意為鬥牛犬;是一種對炎熱天氣適應極好,但對寒冷天氣沒輒的犬種。阿根廷杜告犬在JKC分類中屬於第二群種(杜賓犬、雪納瑞犬、瑞士高山犬以及牧牛犬)。杜高犬是一种凶猛的烈性犬,所以在很多城市被列为禁养犬种。


雅庫特萊卡犬,是分布於俄羅斯雅庫特共和國的工作犬。 牠們主要分布於科雷馬河、因迪吉爾卡河,亞納河和勒拿河,牠們是畜牧犬,狩獵犬和雪橇犬。雄性高53-56cm、雌性高52–55cm。 牠們是雅庫特人從西伯利亞帶來北極圈,起初作為狩獵鳥獸的助手,後來在畜牧業和拉雪橇也用到牠們。




馬爾濟斯(英語:Maltese),亦可譯為瑪爾濟斯,香港稱摩天使,為白色長毛的小型犬種,性情溫和,外表可愛,撒嬌好客,因此十分受到人們的喜愛,是很受歡迎的犬種之一,廣泛飼養於世界各地。 注意:應特別注意心臟相關疾病,定期每半年健康檢查,尤其有咳嗽以及呼吸急促等症狀。


馬瑞馬牧羊犬(英語:Maremma Sheepdog,義大利語:Maremmano),全名為馬瑞馬·阿布魯佐牧羊犬(義大利語:Cane da pastore maremmano abruzzese),一種牲畜守衛品種,起源於義大利中部,特別是托斯卡纳與拉齐奥地區的阿布魯佐(Abruzzo)與馬瑞馬(Maremma)。數個世紀以來,義大利牧人畜養這種狗來保護羊群,免於遭受狼群的攻擊。


高加索犬,原產地為俄羅斯高加索地區,血緣來自中亞的獒犬,是世界上體型最大的狗隻之一,於蘇聯時期已被視為國寶。 毛色為不同色調的灰色,一般是淺灰色至紅褐色調,當中也有淡黃色、黃色、白色、斑紋、斑點和雙色。 為一種古老的犬種,據傳於當地有三千多年的歷史,而牧羊犬的工作也維繫了六百多年。在二戰時期因著忠誠的特性被俄羅斯軍方用於軍事任務:一百二十六隻狗為一聯(共四聯)地派上戰場炸坦克。五百零四隻狗犧牲,三百多台坦克被炸毀。自此之後,此犬種便深受史達林喜愛,被奉為國寶、禁止出境。


鬆獅犬(英語:Chow Chow),又稱獅子犬或獢獢,是最古老的犬種之一,來自中國華北地區。因头部酷似雄狮而得其名,作為一種獨立品種,是很受人喜愛的寵物。


鬥牛獒(英語:Bullmastiff)是一種大型的犬種。其正式記載的歷史大約從1860年的英國開始,有部分繁殖者相信在這年期之前數世纪,已經出現。在當時英國的貴族,會在他們巨大的莊園裏建立獵場,同時飼養大量動物作為狩獵用途。而當時的社會環境相當艱難,貧窮的人根本沒有金錢購買肉類作為食物。祇能偷偷地在這些貴族的獵場盜獵動物。當時的法律偷獵是一項嚴重罪行,會被判處死刑,或送往國外。但亦不能阻止偷獵的活動。盗獵者亦都明白被捉拿後的懲罰,所以會對獵場守衛作出強烈反抗。經常都會發生人命傷亡事件。而獵場守衛為了保謢自己生命安全,唯有利用犬隻來守護。當時一般貴族都會飼養一些大型犬,保护他們的堡壘,由其喜愛一些高貴和優雅,長着漂亮的長毛大型犬。但對於外貌粗野,短毛的獒犬,就不大喜歡。通常會送到自己的農場作守衛之用。而獵場守衛就選取了這些高大,強壯的獒犬用作守衛。而盜獵者就會用一種稱為lurchers混種靈提犬作為盜獵犬,守護獵場的獒犬雖然高大強壯,但就不靈活,缺乏耐力及侵略性。獵場守衛雖要一種強壯,沉靜,無畏無懼,敏捷和充滿爆炸力的犬種。這時候在英國中下層流行飼養一種稱為鬥牛犬的品種,牠符合了獵場守衛的要求,只是細小一点。正好補償獒犬的缺点。他們將兩個品種結合,成了今天的鬥牛獒。牠亦有另一個別名獵場守衛者。早期的鬥牛獒樣貌同現今不太相似,主要是在二十年代,有很多不同系统的鬥牛獒出現,直至到1924年制定出必須三代都是鬥牛獒配對繁殖,方可註冊。而同時以60%的獒犬和40%的鬥牛犬配種模式給與繁殖者参考。但在二十世紀初的鬥牛犬同早期已经有很大變化,得出的結果,就是現今的鬥牛獒。 以往的獵場守衛特別喜歡虎班毛色,因為在晚上不容易被發現,黄色品種在月光的照射下容易被盜獵者發現。