The Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is a wild cat species endemic to the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. It is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. In the 20th century, the Iberian lynx population had declined because of overhunting and poaching, fragmentation of suitable habitats; the population of its main prey species, the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), experienced a severe decline caused by myxomatosis and rabbit haemorrhagic disease.By the turn of the 21st century, the Iberian lynx was on the verge of extinction, as only 94 individuals survived in two isolated subpopulations in Andalusia in 2002. Conservation measures were implemented since 2002 which included improving habitat, restocking of rabbits, translocating, re-introducing and monitoring Iberian lynxes. By 2012, the population had increased to 326 individuals, a number that increased to 855 in 2020.It is a monotypic species and is thought to have evolved from Lynx issiodorensis.
Also known as
This breed is also called Iberian Lynx, Lynx Pardinus, Portuguese Lynx, SOS Lynx, SOSLynx as well as Spanish Lynx.
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