The Šarplaninac (Macedonian: Шарпланинец, Serbian Cyrillic: Шарпланинац, Albanian: Qeni i Sharrit), formerly also known as Illyrian Shepherd Dog (Macedonian and Serbian: Илирски Овчар, romanized: Ilirski Ovčar, Albanian: Deltari Ilir), is a dog breed of the livestock guardian type. It is named after the Šar Mountains (Šar Planina), a mountain range in the Balkans that extends from the northwestern part of North Macedonia over to Kosovo and to northeastern Albania. It is a mountain dog of molossoid type. In Ottoman times, the dogs of the breed spent the summer in the area of the Šar Mountains and the winter in Thessaly, depending on the needs of the sheep they are used to protect.
Also known as
This breed is also called Charplaninatz, Qen I Sharrit, Sarplaninac, Sarplaninec, Sharplaninac, Sharr Mountain Dog, Sharrplaninatz, Šar Mountain Dog, Šarplaninac, Šarplaninec as well as Шарпланинец.
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